Student nurses’ knowledge of guidelines for preventing central venous catheter-associated infections

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Background: Despite the advantages of Central venous catheters (CVC), patients are at high risk of infection (local and systematic) that could be lethal. Lack of knowledge of the available guidelines for the prevention of CVC-associated infection may increase the rate of CVC-associated infections.

    Objective: The purpose of the study is to evaluate student nurses’ knowledge of the guidelines for preventing CVC-associated infection.

    Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was used. This study involved 267 student nurses from four government universities. They were in their second-, third- or fourth-year of study.

    Results: Most of the students were female (72.3%) with a mean age of 21.2 (SD 2.5). The mean total score of students’ knowledge was very low at 1.6 (SD 1.5) out of 10, the maximum score, and ranged from 0 to 7. Students who reported having received adequate theoretical and clinical education about CVC had higher mean total knowledge scores than those who had not.

    Conclusions: The results showed that Jordanian student nurses have insufficient knowledge about the prevention of CVC-associated infection. In order to improve their knowledge, an evidence-based teaching approach is required in the theoretical classes. This should be combined with the best clinical training through the use of simulation techniques.


  • Keywords


    Central Venous Catheters; Jordan; Nursing; Students` Knowledge.

  • References


      [1] Al-Rawajfah, O.M., Cheema, J., Hewitt, J.B., Hweidi, I.M., Musallam, E., 2013. Laboratory-confirmed, health care-associated bloodstream infections in Jordan: A matched cost and length of stay study. American journal of infection control 41, 607-611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2012.08.014.

      [2] Alkubati, S.A., Ahmed, N.T., Mohamed, O.N.E., Fayed, A.M., Asfour, H.I., 2015. Health care workers' knowledge and practices regarding the prevention of central venous catheter-related infection. American journal of infection control 43, 26-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2014.09.021.

      [3] Centers for Disease, C., Prevention, 2011. Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections, 2011. Washington: CDC.

      [4] Chen, S., Yao, J., Chen, J., Liu, L., Miu, A., Jiang, Y., Zhu, J., Tang, S., Chen, Y., 2015. Knowledge of Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections (2011): A survey of intensive care unit nursing staffs in China. International Journal of Nursing Sciences 2, 383-388. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnss.2015.10.002.

      [5] Chopra, V., O'Horo, J.C., Rogers, M.A.M., Maki, D.G., Safdar, N., 2013. The risk of bloodstream infection associated with peripherally inserted central catheters compared with central venous catheters in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology 34, 908-918. https://doi.org/10.1086/671737.

      [6] Deshmukh, M., Shinde, M., 2014. Impact of structured education on knowledge and practice regarding venous access device care among nurses. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 3, 895-901.

      [7] Frasca, D., Dahyot-Fizelier, C., Mimoz, O., 2010. Prevention of central venous catheter-related infection in the intensive care unit. Critical Care 14, 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/cc8853.

      [8] Gra, R.d.F.E.d.G., Cruz, I., 2015. Nurses performance on preventing the risk of infection caused by the use of central venous catheter in the highly complex customer-Dressing a systematic review of the literature. Journal of Specialized Nursing Care 7.

      [9] Kelly, L.J., Green, A., Hainey, K., 2015. Implementing a new teaching and learning strategy for CVAD care. British Journal of Nursing 24. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2015.24.sup8.s4.

      [10] Koutzavekiaris, I., Vouloumanou, E.K., Gourni, M., Rafailidis, P.I., Michalopoulos, A., Falagas, M.E., 2011. Knowledge and practices regarding prevention of infections associated with central venous catheters: a survey of intensive care unit medical and nursing staff. American journal of infection control 39, 542-547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2010.11.003.

      [11] Mlinar, S., Rašković-Malnaršić, R., 2012. Knowledge of nursing students about central venous catheters. Vojnosanitetski pregled 69, 333-339.

      [12] Scales, K., 2011. Reducing infection associated with central venous access devices. Nursing standard 25, 49-56. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns.25.36.49.s51.

      [13] Snarski, E., Mank, A., Iacobelli, S., Hoek, J., StyczyÅ„ski, J., Babic, A., Cesaro, S., Johansson, E., 2015. Current practices used for the prevention of central venous catheterassociated infection in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients: a survey from the Infectious Diseases Working Party and Nurses' Group of EBMT. Transplant Infectious Disease 17, 558-565. https://doi.org/10.1111/tid.12399.

      [14] Tomlinson, D., Mermel, L.A., Ethier, M.-C., Matlow, A., Gillmeister, B., Sung, L., 2011. Defining bloodstream infections related to central venous catheters in patients with cancer: a systematic review. Clinical infectious diseases 53, 697-710. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cir523.

      [15] Ullman, A.J., Long, D.A., Rickard, C.M., 2014. Prevention of central venous catheter infections: A survey of paediatric ICU nurses' knowledge and practice. Nurse education today 34, 202-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2013.09.002.

      [16] Zingg, W., Cartier, V., Inan, C., Touveneau, S., Theriault, M., Gayet-Ageron, A., Clergue, F., Pittet, D., Walder, B., 2014. Hospital-wide multidisciplinary, multimodal intervention programme to reduce central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection. PloS one 9, e93898. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0093898.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 7295
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijans.v6i1.7295




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.