Evaluation of phytochemical and nutritional potential of Talinum triangulare (Jacq) leaf, stem and root on human health

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Phytochemical and nutritional potentials of various parts (leaf, stem and root) of Talinum triangulare were evaluated using standard techniques. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed in data analysis. All the parts of the species were found to contain nutrient compositions in varying levels. Dry matter and carbohydrate were highest in the stem (91.69±0.12 and 68.66±0.01) respectively. Moisture, ash content and crude fibre were highest in the root (9.78±0.04, 17.53±0.11and 15.32±0.03) respectively while ether extract and crude protein were highest in the leaf (1.09±0.01 and 17.72±0.17) respectively. The results showed also varying quantities of the phytochemicals in the leaf, stem and root with some parts lacking some of the phytochemicals. The leaf contained the highest percentage of all the phytochemical investigated alkaloid, flavonoid, tannin, sterol, Terpenoid, phenol and saponin (0.47±0.01, 0.26±0.00, 0.36±0.07, 0.03±0.01, 0.42±0.02, 0.02±0.01and 0.68±0.05 respectively. The root lacked sterol and phenol while stem lacked only phenol. The leaf, stem and root lacked cyanogenic glycoside. The results have indicated that these parts of the Talinum triangulare investigated are very nutritious and possessed bioactive compounds that could be extracted for the manufacture of new drug, food supplements and also be used in ethnomedicine for the treatment of diseases.


  • Keywords


    Bioactive Compound; Nutritional; Phytochemical; Talinum Triangulare.

  • References


      [1] Ajali U (2004) Chemistry of Biocompounds, 1st ed. Rhyce Kerex Publishers. Enugu, Nigeria.

      [2] Akiyama H, Fujii K, Yamasaki O, Oono T, Iwatsuki K (2001) Antibacterial Action of Several Tannins against Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 48(4):487-491.

      [3] Akobundu IO, Agyakwa CW (1998) A Hand Book of West African Weeds. International Institute for Tropical Agriculture.565pp.

      [4] AOAC (1990) Official Method of Analytical Chemistry, Washington DC. 235PP Bishnu JU, Sunil L, Anuja S (2009) Antibacterial Properties of different Medicinal Plants; Ocimum sanctum, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Xanthoxylim arimatum and Origanum masorana. Kathmandu Univer. J. Sci Engineer Tech 5: 143-150.

      [5] Chibill EO (1999) A comparative study of some development characteristics in Talinum fructicosum (L) Juss. Accessions from stem cutting in Dschang. Memoire de Matrise Universitede Dschang 37pp.

      [6] Dutta AC (2004) Botany for Degree Student (5th edition), Oxford University Press, London.708pp.

      [7] Edeoga HO, Okwu DE, Mbaebie BO (2005) Phytochemical Constituents of some Nigerian Medicinal Plants. African Journal of Biotechnology 4: 685 – 688. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2005.000-3127.

      [8] Ezekwe MO, Besong SA, Igbokwe PE (2001) Beneficial Influence of Purslane and Waterleaf Supplement to Humans, FASEB Journal, 16: A633393.

      [9] Ghoshal SK, Prasad BN, Lakshmi V (1996) Antiamoebic Activity of Piper longum Fruits against Entamoeba histolytica In Vitro and In Vivo. J.Ethnopharma.; 50:167 -170. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-8741(96)01382-7.

      [10] Harborne JB (1973) Phytochemical Methods: A Guide to Modern Techniques in Plant Analysis. Chapman and itzl Press, New York, 660pp.

      [11] Ibeawuchi II, Nwufo MI, Oti NN, Opara CC, Eshett ET (2007) Productivity of Intercropped Green (Amaranthus cruentus) waterleaf Talinum triangulare with poultry manure rates in southern Nigeria. Journal of Plant Sciences, 2(2): 222-227. https://doi.org/10.3923/jps.2007.222.227.

      [12] Ilodibia CV, Chukwu AJ, Akachukwu EE, Adimonyemma RN, Igboabuchi NA, Okeke NF (2016a) Proximate, Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Studies on Solanum Macrocarpon L. Journal of Advances in Biology and Biotechnology; 9 (2): 1-7 https://doi.org/10.9734/JABB/2016/27922.

      [13] Ilodibia CV, Ewere FU, Akachukwu EE,Adimonyemma RN, Igboabuchi NA, Okeke NF (2016b) Proximate Composition, Vitamin and Anatomical Studies on Gomphrena celosioides. Annual Research & Review in Biology; 10 (3) 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/ARRB/2016/25546.

      [14] Ilodibia CV, Chukwuka C, Akachukwu EE, Adimonyemma RN, Igboabuchi NA, Chukwuma MU (2016c) Anatomical, Proximate, Mineral and Vitamin Studies on Celosia argentea (Linn) British Biotechnology Journal; 15 (4) 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/BBJ/2016/28300.

      [15] Iwu MW, Duncan AR, Okunji CO (1999) New Antimicrobials of Plant Origin. In: J. Janic 2nd edn, Perspective on New Crops and new Uses. Asits Press, Alexandria.

      [16] James CS (1995) Analytical Chemistry of Foods. Chapman and Hall, New York, 53pp. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2165-5.

      [17] Judd WS, Campbell CS, Kellogg EA, Stevens PE (1999) Plant Systematics; A Phylogenetic Approach. Sinauer Associates Inc. Sunderland, Massachusetts U. S. A, PP.208- 305.

      [18] Kirk H, Sawyer R (1998) Frait Pearson Chemical Analysis of Food (8th ed). Longman Scientific and Technical, Edinburgh. 211-212pp.

      [19] Pearson D (1976) Chemical Analysis of Foods. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, 7-14pp.

      [20] Rice RP, Rice IW, Tindau HD (1986) Fruits and Vegetables in the Tropics. Macmillian Publishers Ltd. London 200-202pp.

      [21] Rifai M A (1995) Talinum triangulare (Jacq) Wild. In: Siemonsma, J.S., and Kasen P. (Eds). Plant Resources of south- east Asia number 8 vegetables. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands, 319pp.

      [22] Robinson T (1981) the Biotechnology of Alkaloids, 2nd ed. Springer Verlag, New York. 250pp.

      [23] Rosier MF (2006) T-channels and Steroid Biosynthesis Search of a link with Mitichodria. Cell Calcium 40(2):155-164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceca.2006.04.020.

      [24] Simo C (1999) Caracteristiques Morphologiqqqques et usages du grasse. Talinum fructicosum (L) Juss. Portulaceae au Cameroon. Memoire de Matrise Universite de Dschang 31pp.

      [25] Sofowora A (1993) Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicine in Africa. Spectrums Books ltd, Ibadan, Nigeria. 289pp.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 6897
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijbr.v5i1.6897




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.