Study on qualitative analysis in cosmetic takaout plant by multivariate statistical


  • abdelaziz Ait Sidi Mou Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Mohammedia (FSTM), University Hassan II, Morocco
  • E. E. Ghanjaoui Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Mohammedia (FSTM), University Hassan II, Morocco
  • M. Daoudi Faculty of Sciences Ibn Tofail University of Kenitra
  • B. El Gamany , Faculty of Sciences and Techniques settat





Takaout Plant, Multivariate Statistical, Trace Elements, Qualitative Study.


This study examines the distributions and behavior of trace elements in five takaout plant samples. Multivariate statistical methods involving principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis are applied. The measurements were performed using 21 elements (Al, B, Ba, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Er, Fe, K, La, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Sc, Sr, Ti, Y, Yb, Zn) at µg g-1 level determined by ICP-OES. The coefficients calculated for samples indicated a poorly negative correlation between the trace elements and Pr. A strong positive correlations among K, Na, Ca, Mg, Fe, Al, Sr, Ti, Er and Cr show a similarity in their change rules. Also, negative correlations between K and Na with Mn, Zn and Ba were showed, which indicates that these elements haven’t a similarity in their behaviors, the increase of one (K and Na) conducting of decrease of others (Mn, Zn and Ba). The correlation matrix shows that Cr has good consistency with the trace elements in the sample. In particular, the correlation coefficient with Mg followed by Sr, Ca, and Fe correlations. These strong correlations between these variables show the similarity of the phenomena at the origin in takaout plant.





[1] El Hilaly J, Hmammouchi M, Lyoussi B (2003) Ethnobotanical studies and economic evaluation of medicinal plants in Taounate province (Northern Morocco). J Ethnopharmacol 86: 149-158.

[2] Abdelraheem M, Hamdouk M, Zijlstra EE (2010) Paraphenylenediamine (Hair Dye) poisoning in Children. Ar Journ Nephro Transplan 3: 39-43.

[3] Filali A, Semlali I, Ottaviano V, Furnari C, Corradini D, Soulaymani R (2006) A restrospective study of acute systemic poisoning of paraphenylenediamine (occidental takawt) in morocco. Afr J Trad 3: 142-149.

[4] Tahraoui A, El Hilaly J, Israili Z.H, Lyoussi B (2007) Ethnopharmacological survey of plants used in the traditional treatment of hypertension and diabetes in south-eastern Morocco (Errachidia province). J Ethnopharmacol 110(1): 105-17.

[5] Eddouks M1, Maghrani M, Lemhadri A, Ouahidi ML, Jouad H (2002) Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiac diseases in the south-east region of Morocco (Tafilalet). J Ethnopharmacol 82: 97-103.

[6] Ait sidi mou A, Ouarzane A, El Rhazi M (2016) Detection of mercury by a new sensor based CPE modified with extract of takaout plant. Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry 5(4): 514-520.

[7] Ait sidi mou A, Datché T, Ouarzane A, El Rhazi M (2013) Study of carbon paste electrode modified with takawt plant for determination of Cu (II) by differential pulse voltammetry. J Mater Environ Sci 4 (4): 460-465.

[8] Lekouch N, Sedki A, Nejmeddine A, Gamon S (2001) Lead and traditional Moroccan pharmacopoeia. Sci Total Environ 280: 39-43.

[9] Kang IJ, Lee MH (2006) Quantification of para-phenylenediamine and heavy metals in henna dye. Contact Dermat. 55: 26–29.

[10] Abdel-wahab SI, Ain NM, Abdul AB, Elhassan MM, Ibrahim TZT (2009) Energy dispersive X-Ray Microanalysis of Elements content of Medicinal Plants used Traditionally as Anticancer cure. Res J Biol Sci 4: 547-549.

[11] Jallad KN, Espada-Jallad C. (2008) Lead exposure from the use of Lawsonia inermis (Henna) in temporary paint-on-tattooing and hair dying. Sci Total Environ 397: 244-250.

[12] Bernth N, Hansen OC (2005) Survey of chemical substances in consumer products. Steen Færgemann Hansen og Eva Pedersen Teknologisk Institut, Danish Environmental Protection Agency, (Danish EPA), No. 65.

[13] Gonzálvez A, Armenta S, de la Guardia M (2010) Adulteration detection of argan oil by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Food Chemistry 121: 878–886.

[14] Diniz PHGD, Pistonesi MF, Alvarez MB, Band BSF, de Araujo MCU (2015) Simplified tea classification based on a reduced chemical composition profile via successive projections algorithm linear discriminant analysis (SPA-LDA). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 39: 103–110.

[15] Aslam SN, Huber C, Asimakopoulos AG, Steinnes E, Mikkelsen Ø (2019) Trace elements and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in terrestrial compartments of Svalbard, Norwegian Arctic. Science of the Total Environment 685: 1127–1138.

[16] Fei Q, Hongbing J, Qian L, Xinyue G, Lei T, Jinguo F (2014) Evaluation of trace elements and identification of pollution sources in particle size fractions of soil from iron ore areas along the Chao River. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 138: 33–49.

[17] Moraa A, Mahlknechta J, Torres-Martíneza A, (2018) Evolution and multivariable analysis of trace elements in groundwater of an agricultural area in a semi-arid region of Mexico. Energy Procedia 153: 196–201.

[18] Soriano-Disla J.M, Janik L, McLaughlin MJ, Forrester S, Kirby J, Reimann C (2013) The EuroGeoSurveys GEMAS Project Team 1; The use of diffuse reflectance mid-infrared spectroscopy for the prediction of the concentration of chemical elements estimated by X-ray fluorescence in agricultural and grazing European soils. Applied Geochemistry 29: 135–143.

[19] Faraga NF, El-Ahmadyb SH, Abdelrahmana EH, Naumannc A, Schulzc H, Azzama SM, El-Kashourya ElSA (2018) Characterization of essential oils from Myrtaceae species using ATR-IR vibrational spectroscopy coupled to chemometrics. Industrial Crops & Products 124: 870–877.

[20] Chen Q, Zhao J, Zhang H, Wang X (2006) Feasibility study on qualitative and quantitative analysis in tea by near infrared spectroscopy with multivariate calibration. Analytica Chimica Acta 572: 77–84.

[21] Ghanjaoui ME, Cervera ML, El Rhazi M, de la Guardia M (2014) Assessment of Trace Elements In Traditional Moroccan Cosmetics By Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy. International journal of scientific & technology research 3(10): 104-112.

[22] Shrestha S, Kazama F (2007). Assessment of surface water quality using multivariate statistical techniques: a case study of the Fuji river basin. Japan Environ Model Softw 22: 464–475.

View Full Article: