Chemical composition and phytochemical properties of mango (mangifera indica.)seed kernel

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    The seed kernel of (Mangifera indica) obtained from Kwali FCT,Abuja were studied for the phytochemical,proximate analysis and mineral composition. The proximate composition reveals; moisture (5.9%), Ash (2.43%), crude protein (5.20%), carbohydrate (76.14%) and crude fibre (0.49%).The result of the mineral composition showed potassium (116.9ppm), sodium (23.1ppm), calcium (0.26ppm) and magnesium (0.56ppm). The result of phytochemical studies of extract show the presence of alkaloids, steroids, tannins, phenol, resins, glycoside and volatile oil but saponins and phlobatannins are absent. The presence of some of these metabolites confirms the usefulness of the plant in the treatment of various diseases.

    Keywords: Mangifera Indica, Phytochemical, Proximate Composition and Metabolites.

  • References

    1. Fowomola,M.A.(2010),Some nutrients and antinutrients content of mango(Mangifera indica) seed.African Journal of food science.4(8):472-476.
    2. Medina J, De La Cruz,Garcia H S.(2002),Mango post-harvest operations organization:Instituto Technologico de Veracruz.
    3. Kittiphoom,S.(2012),Utilization of mango seed.International food Research Journal.19(4):1325-1335.
    4. Pearson, D. (1976), the Chemical Analysis of Foods. 7th Edn. R.K. ChurchillLivingstone, Edinburgh, U.K.pp:488-496.
    5. Pomeranz, Y. and C. Meloan.(1994), Food analysis:Theory and practice, 3rd Edn., New York: Chapman and Hall, pp: 778
    6. AOAC: Official Methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 16th Edition. (1998), Gaithersburg, USA.
    7. Dangoggo, S.M.,U.Z. Faruq and S.B.Manga (2001),Preliminary Phytochemical and Antibacterial Analysis of Mangifera indica.Nigeria Journal of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, 1(1),28-33.
    8. Okuwa D.E.(2001).Evaluation of the chemical Composition of spices and flavoring Agent.Global Journal of pure and Applied science,7(3):455-459.
    9. Ogunsina,B.S,Bhatnagar, A.S,Indira T.N, and Radha,C.(2012),The proximate composition of African Bush mango kernels(Irvingia gabonensis) and characteristics of its oil.Ife Journal of science Vol.14 No.1.
    10. Gunawan, S,Darmwan,R.,Nanda M.,Setiawan A.M.,Fansuri H.(2013),Proximate composition of Xylocarpus moluccensis seeds and their oils.Industrials crops and products.41,107-112.
    11. Hounsome N,Hounsome B.,Tomos D.and Edwards Jones G.(2008),Plant metabolites and Nutritional quality of vegetables.Journal of food science.73,NR 4,R48-R65




Article ID: 3549
DOI: 10.14419/ijac.v2i2.3549

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.