Reservoir characterization using integrated seismic attributes and petrophysical parameters in an onshore field of Niger delta basin

Authors

  • ADEKUNLE SOFOLABO University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
  • ALEXANDER NWAKANMA GCube Integrated Service Limited

Published:

2022-11-26

Abstract

An integrated approach of reservoir characterization of a field was performed using seismic attributes and petrophysical parameters for the evaluation of subsurface geological features and hydrocarbon potential of an onshore field in Niger Delta Basin. Four reservoir intervals were identified within the field wells based on their position within the stratigraphic column, and the reservoir correlation, which was aided using the principle of uniform horizontality, based on the simple rule that sediments are deposited horizontally and basic understanding of sequence stratigraphy. The study revealed that, the four reservoirs were predominantly sand units intercalated with shale within the reservoir units. The petrophysical evaluation revealed the Net to Gross (NTG) values ranges from 79% to 87% within the reservoir units, while the effective porosity ranges from 17% to 21%, the permeability ranges between 1307mD to 1678mD across the reservoir units, while the water saturation ranges from the lowest of 35% (Reservoir C) to 78% in reservoir D. A total of fifteen faults were interpreted using the seismic data, while the surface maps (Time and depth surface maps) revealed the identified closures which are anticlinal structures that are fault dependent. The characterization of the reservoir was further enhanced using the seismic attributes (structural and stratigraphic) extracted such as Reflection intensity, Sweetness, Variance, Envelope, Instantaneous frequency, Time gain, Trace AGC, Local structural dip, Gradient magnitude and RMS amplitude. The results shows moderate to high sweetness (sweet spots) within the zone of interest, while the Envelope attribute show acoustic impedance contrasts indicating discontinuities, lithology changes and possible present of hydrocarbon (Bright spots). The variances and gradient magnitude enhanced the signal to map out discontinuities caused by faults and fractures which are signature that enabled delineation of the zone. The integrated approach validates the lithology discrimination of the elastic properties from the well logs and its effectiveness in optimizing and proper understanding of the subsurface, thus identifying and unmasking hidden features within the reservoir (probable bypass) in the field. The study has revealed that the integration of seismic attributes with petrophysical parameters is a better characterization method for fluid and lithology discrimination of a field in any given reservoir study.

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