Assessment of ground water quality of lahar block, Bhind district in Madhya Pradesh

Authors

  • Shashi kant Banaras Hindu University
  • Y.V. Singh Banaras Hindu University
  • Lokesh Kumar Jat Banaras Hindu University
  • R. Meena
  • S.N. Singh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14419/ijag.v3i2.4949

Keywords:

Groundwater Quality, Irrigation Water Quality Indices, Permeability Index and Arrange Kallies Ratio etc.

Abstract

In sustainable groundwater study, it is necessary to assess the quality of groundwater in terms of irrigation purposes. The present study attempts to assess the groundwater quality through Irrigation Water Quality Index (IWQI) in hard-rock aquifer system and sustainable water use in Lahar block, Bhind of district, Madhya Pradesh, India. The quality of ground water in major part of the study area is generally good. In order to understand the shallow groundwater quality, the water samples were collected from 40 tube wells irrigation water. The primary physical and chemical parameters like potential Hydrogen (pH), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), bicarbonate (HCO3-), carbonate (CO32-), chloride (Cl-), and nitrate (NO3-) were analyzed for (irrigation water quality index ) IWQI. The secondary parameters of irrigation groundwater quality indices such as Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR), Sodium Soluble Percentage (SSP), Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC), Permeability Index (PI), and Kellies Ratio (KR) were also derived from the primary parameter for irrigation water quality index (IWQI). The IWQI was classified into excellent to unfit condition of groundwater quality based on their Water Quality Index (WQI). The IWQI (82.5%+15.0%) indicate that slightly unsustainable to good quality of ground water. Due to this quality deterioration of shallow aquifer, an immediate attestation requires for sustainable development.

References

[1] Anbazhagan, S., Das, M.K., Balamurugan, G., (2014). Hydro geo-chemical studies in hard rock aquifer system, Hosur, India. Indian Journal of Geochemistry, 22 (2): 519-535.

[2] APHA (1992). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Waters, American Public Health Association, 18th Edition, Washington, DC.

[3] Becket W., Mohammed A. and Slanina P. (1985) Uptake of radiolabelled alpha-linoleic, arachidonic and oleic acid in tissues of normal and essential fatty acid-deficient rats-- an autoradiographic study. Annul of Nutrient Metab, 29, 65 75.http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000176963.

[4] Baroni, L., Cenci, L. and M. Berati (2007). Evaluating the environmental impact of various dietary patterns combined with different food production systems. Europion Journal of Clinical Nutrients, 61: 279–286.http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602522.

[5] Karanth, K. R., (1987). Groundwater assessment, development and management, Tata-McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.

[6] Khanna, D.R., Bhutiani, R., Matta,G., Singh, V. and Ishaq, F. (2012). Seasonal variation in physico-chemical characteristic status of River Yamuna in Doon valley. Environment Conservation Journal, 13(1&2): 125-128.

[7] Raghunath, I.M., (1987). Groundwater. 2nd Edn, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, India.

[8] Rajankar, P.N., Gulhane, S.R. and Tambekar, D.H., (2009). Water quality assessment of groundwater resources in Nagpur region (India) based on WQI, E Journal of Chemistry, 6(3):905-908.http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/971242.

[9] Sivram (2006). Assessment of groundwater quality for drinking irrigation purposes: a case study of Peddavanka watershed, Anantapur District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Environmental Geology, 48:702–712.

[10] Saleh, A., Al-Ruwaih, F., Shehata, M., (1999). Hydrogeochemical processes operating within the main aquifers of Kuwait. Journal Arid Environmental, 42:195–209.http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jare.1999.0511.

[11] Todd, DK (1980) Groundwater Hydrology. John Wiley and Sons Publication, Canada, 280-281.

[12] U.S. Department of Agriculture, (1954) U.S. Salinity Laboratory Staff, Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils. Handbook 60. Washington, D.C.

[13] Wilcox, L.V (1955), Classification and use of irrigation waters. U.S. Dept. Agric. (Circ. 969, pp. 19).Washington, D.C.

[14] World Health Organisation (WHO), (2006). International Drinking Water Standards. Geneva, WHO.

[15] Yadav, S., Firdaus,T., Kumar, A, Alauddin, S. (2012) Spectrophotometric study of Iron, Nitrate and Phosphate in the River Gomti of Jaunpur City, International journal of Science Research, 1:6-11.

[16] Yanggen, D.A. and Born, S.M. 1990. Protecting groundwater quality by managing local land use. Journal of Soil Water Conservation, 45: 207-210.

[17] Yadav, K.K., 2012. Physico-chemical analysis of selected ground water samples of Agra city, India. Recent Research Science Technology, 4(11): 51 54.

[18] Yadav,R.K.(2012) Correlation Of Physico-Chemical Analysis Of Ground Water Of Jaipur City (Rajasthan, India) International journal of Science and Nature, 3(4): 923-924.

Downloads

Additional Files

Published

2015-10-14

Issue

Section

Articles