Study of diversity and population status of araneid fauna of Talash Valley, Dir (L) Pakistan

  • Authors

    • Sultan Ud Din Yousufzai sir syed govt. girls college, karachi
    • Nosheen Rahman
    • Wafa Tabassum
    • Sumaira Inam
    • Muhammad Usman Ali Hashmi
    • Amtyaz Safi
  • Spiders are invertebrates belonging to the phylum Arthropoda, class Arachnida, and order Araneae. Arachnids are one among the largest and most diverse groups, with 129 families, 4234 genera and 49,773 species. Spiders are carnivorous and polyphagous in nature. They are most effective against pests. This study was carried out to examine the arachnoid fauna status and diversity in Talash Valley, Lower Dir district of KPK. Spiders were collected from different parts of the study area. The surveyed period wss from April to July 2022 and was done by hand picking and beet crushing method. Most spiders are collected by hand. The collected samples were then stored in 70% ethanol solution. Spiders are identified with the help of available information. A total of 10 families were identified. These are Salticidae, Lycosidae, Sparassidae, Pholcidae, Hersilidae, Gnaphosidae, Oxyopidae, Araneidae, Scytodidae and Therididae. The dominant families in this study are salicidae with three species, lycosidae and sparassidae with two species each, and seven other families with one species each.

  • References

    1. Ahmad, S., Akhtar, N., Saeed, K. (2015). Some observations on spider fauna of district Buner, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Jour-nal of entomology studies, 3 (1): 47-52.
    2. Ghafoor, A., Mahmood, A. (2011). Pollution dynamics of Arachnida fauna from district Gujranwala Pakistan. Journal of Animal and Plant Science, 21(4):812-816.
    3. Ghazanfar, M., Hussain, M., Hashim, M. & Fahid A U M. (2016). Checklist of spider (Araneae) fauna of Pakistan A review. Journal of Entomology and zoology studies, 4(1):245 -256.
    4. Juario, J. V., Nuneza, O. M., & Dupo, ALB. (2016). Species richness of spider in sacred mountain, Marawi City, Philippines. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, 8(1):86-94.
    5. Mukhtar, M K. (2004). Taxonomic studies on the foliage spider fauna of Punjab. Department of Zoology and Fishries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 6:1-76.
    6. Noreen, N., Zahid, M., Rasool, M., (2017). Spider (Aranea: Arachnida) Fauna of district Charsada Khyber Pukhtunkhwa Pakistan. Journal of entomology and zoology studies, 5(2): 1077-1082.
    7. Nyffeler, M., & Birkhofer, K. (2017). An estimated 400-800 million tons of prey are annually killed by the global spider community. The Science of Nature. 104:30.
    8. Perveen, F., Jamal, A., Yasmin, S., & Khatak, K. U. (2012). Biodiversity of spider fauna in the Frontier Region, Peshawar, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Nematology, 4(3):22-33.
    9. Pocock, R. I. (1900). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Arachnida. London.
    10. Qasim, M., Perveen, R., Zaid, A., Hussain, R., Fatima, N. & Ali, S. (2015). Biodiversity of spiders (Arhnida:Araneae) fauna of Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan. International Journal of fauna and biological studies, 2(4):77-79.
    11. Riaz, S., Kausar, S., Mohsin, M., Memon, A. M., Maqsood, I., & Abbas, M. N. (2017). Spider diversity in some common oil seed crops in central Punjab, Pakistan. Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res. Ser. B: Boil. Sci. 60(3):168-175.
    12. Roberts, M. J. (1995). Spiders of Britain and northern Europe.
    13. Sajid M, Zahid M Abida Butt, Muhammad Rasool, Mudassar Shah, Riaz Ahmad, Waheed Murad, Muhammad Kamil, Mujeeb Ullah and Ikram Ullah. Faunal diversity of order Araneae species from District Dir Lower of Malakand division, Pakistan. Pure and Applied Biology. Vol. 10, Issue 3, pp902-912.
    14. Sebastian, P A., and Peter, K V. (2009). Spiders of India. Hyderabad. University Press (India).
    15. Shabnam, F. P., Kannath, S. M., Rajeevan, S. R. Prasadan, P. K., & Sudhikumar, A L. (2021). Spider diversity (Arachnida:Araneae) in different plantations of western ghats, wayanad region, India. Eurpean Journal of Ecology. 80-30.
    16. Tahir, H. M., Zahra, K., zaheer, A., & samiullah K. (2017). Spider silk: an excellent biomaterial for medical science and industry. Pun-jab university journal zoology. 32 (1) 143-154.
    17. Tikader, B. K., & Malhothra, M.S. (1980). The Fauna of India: Araneae. Zoological Survey of India.
    18. World spider catalog, 2021. World spider catalog version 22.5, natural history bern, http://wsc.nmbe
    19. www.
  • Downloads

  • How to Cite

    Ud Din Yousufzai , S., Rahman , N., Tabassum , W., Inam , S., Usman Ali Hashmi , M., & Safi , A. (2024). Study of diversity and population status of araneid fauna of Talash Valley, Dir (L) Pakistan. International Journal of Biological Research, 11(1), 1-11.