Soft tissue applications of lasers: A review

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Lasers are widely used in dentistry for various clinical procedures like cavity preparation, surgical procedures, scaling and root planning etc. Since its first use in 1960, lasers are now evolved to be used in all aspects of dentistry. The aim of this review is to describe the application of lasers in oral soft tissue procedures. Soft tissue lasers are becoming popular among the clinicians due to their potential value in surgical procedures providing surface sterilization, dry surgical field and increased patient acceptance. Lasers are effective in ablation of various potentially malignant disorders, obtaining biopsy, periodontal plastic surgeries and providing incisions in surgical conditions.

    Keywords: ablation, biopsy, CO2 laser, cyst, fibroma, gingival, periodontal.

  • References

    1. Apfelberg DB, Maser MR, Lash H & White DN (1985) Benefits of the CO2 laser in oral hemangioma excision. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 75, 46-50.
    2. Boj JR, Poirier C, Hernandez M & Espasa E (2007) Laser-assisted treatment of a dentigerous cyst: case report. Pediatric dentistry 29, 521-4.
    3. Cobb CM (2006) Lasers in periodontics: a review of the litera-ture. The Journal of Periodontology. 77, 545-64.
    4. Coluzzi DJ & Swick MD http://www.henryschein. com/us-en/images/Dental/CEHP/LaserinDentistry.pdf (accessed 14 March 2013)
    5. dos Santos Aciole GT, dos Santos Aciole JM, Soares LJP, San-tos NRS, dos Santos JN & Pinheiro ALB (2010) Surgical Treatment of Oral Lymphangiomas with CO2 Laser: Report of Two Uncommon Cases. Brazilian Dental Journal 21,365-9.
    6. Domazet B, Maclennan GT, Lopez-Beltran A, Montironi R & Cheng L (2008) Laser capture microdissection in the genomic and proteomic era: targeting the genetic basis of cancer. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology 1, 475-88.
    7. Flynn MB, White M & Tabah RJ (1988) Use of carbon dioxide laser for the treatment of premalignant lesions of the oral mucosa. Journal of Surgical Oncology 37,232-4.
    8. Fuller TA (1997) Physical Considerations of Surgical Lasers. (Clayman L, Kuo P eds.) Lasers in Maxillofacial Surgery and Dentistry, 1st ed. United States of America: Thieme.
    9. Gaeta GM (2013) Laser Treatment in Medicine and Oral Pathol-ogy. (accessed 17 January 2013).
    10. Genovese WJ, dos Santos MT, Faloppa F & de Souza Merli LA (2010) the use of surgical diode laser in oral hemangioma: a case report. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery 28,147-51.
    11. Hong-Meng L, Kenneth KKL & David KLT (1995) A clinical investigation of the efficacy of low level laser therapy in reducing orthodontic postadjustment pain. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 108, 614-22.
    12. Husein A (2006) Applications of lasers in dentistry: a review. Archives of Orofacial Sciences 1, 1-4.
    13. Iyer VH, Sarkar S & Kailasam S (2012) Use of the Er,Cr:YSGG Laser in the Treatment of Peripheral Ossifying Fibroma. International Journal of Laser Dentistry 2, 51-55.
    14. Jerjes W, Upile T, Hamdoon Z, Al-Khawalde M, Morcos M, Mosse CA & Hopper C (2012) CO2 laser of oral dysplasia: clinicopathological features of recurrence and malignant transformation. Lasers in Medical Science 27,169-79.
    15. Kafas P, Stavrianos C, Jerjes W, Upile T, Vourvachis M, Theodoridis M & Stavrianou I (2009) Upper-lip laser frenectomy without infiltrated anaesthesia in a paediatric patient: a case report. Cases Journal 2, 7138.
    16. Kende P, Gaikwad R, Yuwanati M & Jain B (2011) Application of Diode Laser in Oral Biopsy: Removal of White Patch Over Tongue - A Case Report. Journal of Indian Dental Association 5, 985-7.
    17. Kok TC & Ong ST (2001) the effects of CO2 lasers on oral lichen planus and lichenoid reactions. Annals of Dentistry University of Malaya 8, 35-42.
    18. Kumar NJ & Bhaskaran M (2007) Denture-induced fibrous hyperplasia:treatment with carbon dioxide laser and a two year follow-up. Indian Journal of Dental Research 18, 135-7e.
    19. Lee DH (2007) Application of lasers in periodontics: a new approach in periodontal treatment. Dental Bulletin 12, 23-5.
    20. Lee EA (2006) Laser-assisted gingival tissue procedures in esthetic dentistry. Practical Procedures and Aesthetic Dentistry 18, suppl 2-6.
    21. Lpez-lvarez F, Rodrigo JP, Llorente-Pends JL & Surez-Nieto C (2011) Transoral laser microsurgery in advanced carcinomas of larynx and pharynx. Acta Otorrinolaringolgica Espaola 62, 95-102.
    22. Luomanen M (1992) Experience with a carbon dioxide laser for removal of benign oral soft-tissue lesions. Proceedings of the Finnish Dental Society 88, 49-55.
    23. Mahajan A (2011) Lasers in periodontics: a review. European Journal of Dentistry and Medicine. 3, 1-11.
    24. Mehrotra R & Gupta DK (2011) Exciting new advances in oral cancer diagnosis: avenues to early detection. Head & Neck Oncoogy 28, 33.
    25. Naik VK, Sangeetha S & Victor DJ (2010) Lasers in periodontics- ascientific boon or bane? SRM University Journal of Dental Sciences 1, 91-8.
    26. National Cancer Institute (2011) Lasers in Cancer Treatment, Available at: lasers (Accessed: 20th January 2013).
    27. Neukman FW & Stelzle F (2010) Laser tumor treatment in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Physics Procedia 5, 91-100.
    28. Pedron IG, Galletta VC, Azevedo LH & Corra L (2010) Treatment of mucocele of the lower lip with diode laser in pediatric patients: presentation of 2 clinical cases. Pediatric Dentistry 32,539-41.
    29. Pick RM, Pecaro BC & Silberman CJ (1985) the laser gingivectomy: the use of CO2 laser for the removal of phenytoin hyperplasia. The Journal of Periodontology 56, 492-6.
    30. Romeo U, Vecchiob AD, Riparic F, Palaiad G, Chiappafreddoe C, Tenored G & Visca P (2007) Effects of Different Laser Devices on Oral Soft Tissues: In Vitro Experience. J Oral Laser Applications 7,155-159.
    31. Roshna T & Nandakumar K (2005) Anterior Esthetic Gingival Depigmentation and Crown Lengthening: Report of a Case. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice 15,139-147.
    32. Van der Hem PS, Nauta JM, van der Wal JE & Roodenburg JL (2005) the results of CO2 laser surgery in patients with oral leukoplakia: a 25 year follow up. Oral Oncology 41, 31-7.
    33. Werner JA, Dunne AA, Folj BJ & Lippert BM (2009) Transoral laser microsurgery in carcinomas of the oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx. Cancer Control 9, 379-88.




Article ID: 1720
DOI: 10.14419/ijdr.v2i1.1720

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.