Dermatoglyphics: A prediction tool for dental caries

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
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  • Abstract

    Background: Dermatoglyphics has been used as a powerful tool in diagnosis of physiological, medical or genetic conditions. Hence its role in predicting the dental caries which is a multifactorial disease with genetic influence has to be investigated.

    Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate the role of dermatoglyphics in predicting the susceptibility of individuals to develop dental caries.

    Material and methods: The study included 200 students of MMMC Manipal. Dental caries pattern was recorded using the DMFT index. The impression of thumb ridge pattern was recorded using duplicating inkpads.

    Results: The male subjects showed maximum of loop pattern with 53.6% and 71% in right and left thumb respectively. The female subjects also showed the maximum of loop pattern with 54.2% both in right and left thumb. Subjects who had arch type of pattern on right thumb (66.7%) and left thumb (57.1%) were found to be caries free compared to loop and whorl pattern. Subjects with whorl pattern on the left thumb (34.2%) and right (34.9%) had DMFT > 3 compared to loop and arch.

    Conclusion: Dermatoglyphics serve to strengthen the diagnostic impression of the disease from an early age and hence preventive oral health measures can be considered.

  • Keywords

    Caries; Dental; Fingerprints; Genetics

  • References

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Article ID: 6394
DOI: 10.14419/ijdr.v4i2.6394

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