Alpha activity emitted from leaves and roots of beetroot plant planted in enhanced soil with fertilizers

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    This study is to assesses radioactive materials transported to the beetroot plants grow in different fertilized soil. Equivalent weights of fertilizers were added to the soil prior the plantation. The alpha track densities were estimated utilizing solid state nuclear track detector (SSNTDs), CR-39. The obtained results show that alpha track densities in Beetroot plants in the lower and upper sides of plant leaves were varied from 67.62−2 to 101.83−2 and from 45.35−2 to 94.67−2 with mean values of 89.96−2 and 68.48−2, respectively. Alpha track densities were also measured in the samples of the enhanced plantation soil with fertilizers and in the whole parts of the Beetroot plant which were planted in these soils. These values were compared with alpha track densities obtained from fertilizer samples in the previous studies. The lower face of leaves gives higher α-particles activity than that obtained from the upper face. As well as, the alpha activity from the plants planted in soils enhanced with phosphate compost was found greater as contrast with that planted in a soil enhanced with organic fertilizer. The utilization of organic fertilizer don't cause much risks like contrasted with phosphate fertilizers. Therefore, the alpha activity depends on the nature of fertilizers added to the soil.




  • Keywords

    Fertilizers; Beetroot Plant; Radioactivity; Soil; SSNTDs.

  • References

      [1] S. Hazrati, A.N. Baghi, H. Sadeghi, M. Barak, S. Zivari, S. Rahimzadeh, Investigation of natural effective gamma dose rates case study: Ardebil Province in Iran, Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 9(1) (2012).

      [2] R. Mehra, S. Kumar, R. Sonkawade, N.P. Singh, K. Badhan, Analysis of terrestrial naturally occurring radionuclides in soil samples from areas of Sirsa district of Haryana, India using gamma ray spectrometry, Environmental Earth Science 59 (2010) 1159–1164.

      [3] M. C. Okeji, K.K. Agwu, F.U. Idigo, Assessment of natural radioactivity in phosphate ore, phosphogypsum and soil samples around a phosphate fertilizer plant in Nigeria, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 89 (2012) 1078–1081.

      [4] D. Ghosh, A. Deb, S. Bera, R. Sengupta, K.K. Patra (2008) Measurement of natural radioactivity in chemical fertilizer and agricultural soil: evidence of high alpha activity, Environmental Geochemistry & Health 30(1) (2008) 79.

      [5] P.M. Markose, Studies on the Environmental Bahaviour of Radium from Uranium Mill Tailings. PhD thesis, University of Mumbai (1990).

      [6] N.N. Jibiri, I.P. Farai, S.K. Alausa, Activity concentration of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in different food crops from a high background radiation area in Bitsichi, Jos Plateau, Nigeria, Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 46 (2007) 53–59.

      [7] S.B. Chen, Y.G. Zhu, Q.H. Hue, Soil to plant transfer of 238U, 226Ra and 232Th on a uranium mining-impacted soil from southeastern China, Journal Environmental Radioactivity 82 (2005) 223–236.

      [8] D.S. Robinson, Food biochemistry and nutritional value, New York, USA: Longman scientific and technical publisher (1990).

      [9] G. Ielsch, D. Thieblemont, V. Labed, P. Prichon, G. Tymen, C. Ferry, M. C. Robe, J. C. Baubron, F. Bechennec, Radon (222Rn) level variations on a regional scale influence of the basement trace element (U, Th) geochemistry on radon exhalations rates, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 53 (2001) 75–90.

      [10] D.K. Sharma, A. Kumar, M. Kumar, S. Singh, Study of uranium, radium and radon exhalation rate in soil samples from some areas of Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh, India using solid-state nuclear track detectors, Radiation Measurements 36 (2003) 363–366.

      [11] J. Wiegand, A guideline for the evaluation of the soil radon potential based on geogenic and anthropogenic parameters, Environmental Geology 40 (2001) 949–963.

      [12] S.R. Chakraborty, R. Azim, A. K. M. Rezaur Rahman, R. Sarker, Radioactivity concentrations in soil and transfer factors of radionuclides from soil to grass and plants in the Chittagong city of Bangladesh, Journal of Physical Science 24(1) (2013) 95–113.

      [13] A.T. Ramli, A. Wahab, M.A. Hussein, W.A. Khalik, Environmental 238U and 232nd concentration measurements in an area of high-level natural background radiation at Palong, Johor, Malaysia, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 80 (2005) 287–304.

      [14] P. Chauhan, R.P. Chauhan, Measurement of fertilizers induced radioactivity in tobacco plants and elemental analysis using ICAP-AES, Radiation Measurements 63 (2014a) 6-11.

      [15] P. Chauhan, R.P. Chauhan, Variation in alpha radioactivity of plants with the use of different fertilizers and radon measurement in fertilized soil samples. Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 12 (2014b) 70.

      [16] S.M.D. Al-Nuzal, S.A. Amin, M.H.M. Lami, B.H. Jazaa, Natural Radioactivity Level of Phosphate Fertilizers and Related Products from Al-Qaim Complex Plant in Iraq by Using Solid State Nuclear Track Detector, Engineering & Technology Journal 34(B3) (2016) 394-404.

      [17] N. Khalifa, A.G.M. El-Arabi, Natural radioactivity in farm soil and phosphate fertilizer and its environmental implications in Qena governorate, Upper Egypt, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 84 (2005) 51-64.

      [18] P. Chauhan, R.P. Chauhan, M. Gupta, Estimation of naturally occurring radionuclides in fertilizers using gamma spectrometry and elemental analysis by XRF and XRD techniques. Microchemical Journal 106 (2013) 73-78.




Article ID: 31029
DOI: 10.14419/ijpr.v8i2.31029

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.