The discovery and importance of the higgs boson
Keywords:Higgsâ€™ Boson, Higgs Mechanism, Standard Model, Higgs Field, Detection.
This work presents the importance of the existence of the Higgs boson, a particle with a mechanism capable of generating mass for other elementary particles, where interacting particles receive mass and those that do not interact, do not receive mass. The work shows the understanding of the mechanism for the interactions of particles with the Higgs boson and analysis of the experiments carried out at CERN, together with other detectors such as CMS and ATLAS, in the search over 50 years for the physicist Peter Higgs, suggesting a new theory necessary for the existence of the mechanism that would generate mass for the other particles. Even with the scientific advance through the discovery of the Higgs boson and its explanation within the Standard Model, we still have questions to be answered by not explaining gravitational interaction, hierarchy problem, extra dimensions, supersymmetry, dark matter, among others. The discovery and importance of the Higgs boson is another achievement for science, int the sense that we are on the right path, even recognizing the limitations of equipment and investments, but in the search for the truth and answer in favor of a more structured society, such as improved health, living in an environment with less pollution, advancement in technology, resulting in several positive factors for humanity.
 MOREIRA, Marco AntÃ´nio (2017), The Higgs boson in the media, physics and physics teaching, Porto Alegre, UFRGS.
 PIMENTA, J. J. M.; BELUSSI, L. F. B.; NATTI, E. R. T.; NATTI, P. L (2013), The Higgs boson, Brasilian Journal of Physics, v.3, n.2, p. 23061-230614.
 MOREIRA, Marco AntÃ´nio (2011), Particle Physics: a conceptual and epistemological approach, SÃ£o Paulo, Livraria Editora da FÃsica, p.143.
 GLASHOW, S.L (1961), Partial symmetries of weak interactions, Nuclear Physics, v.22, n.4, p. 579-588. https://doi.org/10.1016/0029-5582(61)90469-2.
 BACHELARD, G (1971), Epistemology, Barcelona, Editorial Anagrama.
 RANDALL, L (2013), Higgs Discovery: The Power of Empty Space, New York, Harper Collins Publisher, p.99.
 Particle Data Group (2018). (http://pdg.lbl.gov/2018/tables/rpp2018-sumgauge-higgs-bosons.pdf, acess Sep 2020).
 HALZEM, F.; MARTIN, A (1984), Quarks and Leptons: An Introductory Course in Modern Particle Physics, New York, John Willey e Sons.
 NOVAES, S.F (2000), Standard Model: An Introduction. Arxiv, v.1, jan. 2000. (https://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0001283v1rxi, access Oct 2020).
 CMS Collaboration (2012), Observation of a new boson at a mass of 125 GeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC, Phys. Lett. B 716, 30, arXiv: 1207.7235.
 ATLAS Collaboration (2012), combined search for the Standard Model Higgs boson inppcollisions atâˆšs=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector, Phys. Rev. D86, arXiv: 1207.0319.
 AMSLER, C (2008), Particle Data Group, Physics Letters B 667, 1.
 RAMOS, Camila Pereira (2019), Universe expansion and mass generation for elementary particles, UFRGN, Natal.