Ayurvedic concept of addiction, withdrawal & its solution

Authors

  • Sharad Porte National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14419/ijpt.v2i2.2672

Published:

2014-06-20

Abstract

Background: Drug addiction is defined as the continued compulsive use of drugs despite adverse health or social consequences and Withdrawal is the physical and/or psychotic disorders developed by drug addicts after they stop taking drugs or reduce their dose. Drug addiction is very common in our society and it crosses all races, ethnic groups, and social classes.

Methods: This research article is basis on personal experience & thorough review of Ayurvedic Text. The main Ayurvedic Text used in this study are Kashyapa, Charak, Sushrut, & Vangsen Samhita and available commentaries of those. Modern Texts & Article published in Journals also has referred to collect information on the relevant topics.

Results: Ayurveda has mentioned the Alcoholism & Alcohol withdrawal under the heading of ‘Madatyaya & Panapakrama’ respectively. Ayurveda has mentioned the ‘Satmikarana’ a procedure of adaptation by gradual & logical decreasing the dose of addicted substance, which has already become a wholesome. Madya (Alcohol) in Madya is a unique principle which will be used in the treatment of addiction by decreasing the cellular level of drugs slowly & safe the patient from the withdrawal effect. The Padansha Krama which is described in the Ayurveda to reject the un-suitable substance will be necessary & useful to tapper up the addicted drugs. Psychological counselling, Recreational & Motivational Enhancement Therapy can be also used effectively for the rehabilitation the addicted patient, which is also described in Ayurveda.

Conclusions: Thus Ayurveda have ultimate & effective solution in the Management & Rehabilitation of Drug Addiction.

 

Keywords: Addiction, De-Addiction, Withdrawal Syndrome, Ayurvedic Solution.

References

Sharma P. V.1981. Dravya Guna Vijnana, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy Publication Varanasi, 5th edition, 19-24.

Sharma P. V.1981. Dravya Guna Vijnana, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy Publication Varanasi, 5th edition, 25-31.

Sharma P. V.1981. Dravya Guna Vijnana, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy Publication Varanasi, 5th edition, 36-39.

Sharma P. V.1981. Dravya Guna Vijnana, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy Publication Varanasi, 5th edition, 386-389.

Rai Rajiv Kumar, 1983. Vangasen Samhita (Chikitsasara Sangraha) – Madatyayadhikar 47, Prachya Prakashan Varanashi 1st edition, 241.

Kashinath Shastri et al, 1987. Charak Samhita, Chikitsasthan 24/30, Chaukhambha Orientalia Publication Varanashi 14th edition, 671.

Kashinath Shastri et al, 1987. Charak Samhita, Chikitsasthan 24/109, Chaukhambha Orientalia Publication Varanashi 14th edition, 683.

Kashinatha Shastri et al, 1987. Charaka Samhita, Chikitsa Sthan 24/157, Chaukhombha Bharati Academy Varanashi 14th Edition, 690.

Kashinatha Shastri et al, 1987. Charaka Samhita, Chikitsa Sthan 24/191-193, Chaukhombha Bharati Academy Varanashi 14th Edition, 694.

Kashinatha Shastri et al, 1987. Charaka Samhita, Siddhi Sthan 12/5, Chaukhombha Bharati Academy Varanashi 14th Edition, 1098.

Sullivan John T. et al., 1989. Assessment of Alcohol Withdrawal: the revised clinical institute withdrawal assessment for alcohol scale (CIWA-Ar). British Journal of Addiction 84, 1353-1357.

Atrideva Gupta, 1993. Vagbhat, Ashtang Samgraha,Sutrasthan, 3/56 Krishnadas Academy Oriented Publication Varanashi, 29.

Murthy Shrikant 1994. Ashtang Hridaya Vol.I, Sutrasthan 7/49, Krishnadas Academy Publication Varanasi 2nd edition, 118.

Murthy Shrikant 1994. Ashtang Hridaya Vol.I, Sutrasthan 7/48, Krishnadas Academy Publication Varanasi 2nd edition, 117-118.

William R. 1995. Miller ‘Motivational Enhancement Therapy with Drug Abusers’ Department of Psychology and Centre on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions (CASAA), University of New Mexico.

Pandeya Gangasahaya, 1997. Charak Samhita Vimansthan 1/20. Chaukhambha Surbharati Publication Varanasi, 662.

Murthy Shrikant 1999. Charak Samhita Vol.V, Chikitsasthan 30 /315, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Publication Varanasi, 1st edition, 209-210.

Murthy Shrikant, 2000. Ashtang Sangraha, Uttar Sthan 40/149, Chaukhambha Orientalia Publication Varanashi 2nd edition, 370.

Richard L. M., 2002. The encyclopedia of addictive drugs, Greenwood Press Westport, London, 11-27.

Swami Krishna Nanda Maharaj, 2003.Rasa-Tantra-Sar Evm Siddha-Praypga-Sangraha Part-I, Krisha Gopal Ayurveda Bhavan Publication, 16th edition, 463.

Swami Krishna Nanda Maharaj, 2003.Rasa-Tantra-Sar Evm Siddha-Praypga-Sangraha Part-I, Krisha Gopal Ayurveda Bhavan Publication, 16th edition, 796-797.

Wesson DR; Ling W 2003.The Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS). J Psychoactive Drugs; 35(2): 253-259.

Budney Alan J. ET al.2004.Review of the Validity and Significance of Cannabis Withdrawal Syndrome. Am J Psychiatry; 161:1967–1977.

Ray. R., Mondal A.B., Gupta K, Chatterjee A, Bajaj P 2004. The extent, pattern and trends of drug abuse in India: National survey. New Delhi: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes and Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India.

Kashinath Pandey et al, 2005. Charak Samhita Sutra Sthan 7/36-38, Chaukhambha Bharati Academy Varanasi, 163-165

Kashinath Pandey, et al, 2005. Charak Samhita Vimansthan 8/118, Chaukhanmbh Bharati Academy Varanasi, 780.

Mishra Bramha Shankar, 2005. Bhaishajya-Ratnavali, Madatyaya Chikitsa Prakaranam 22/29-33, Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan Varanashi, 18 revised editions, 504.

Robert West et al, 2006. Assessing DSM-IV nicotine withdrawal symptoms: a comparison and evaluation of five different scales (MNWS). Psychopharmacology 184: 619–627.

Punkanen M. 2007. ‘Music Therapy as a part of drug rehabilitation’ Music Therapy Today Vol.VIII (3).

Sadalagi Shetal L. et al, 2009. Effect of Vamana and Ashtanga Lavana in the management of Madatyaya. AYU-VOL. 30 (4), pp. 463-468.

Tripathi B. M., Ambekar Atul, 2009. ‘Minimum Standards of Care for the Government De-Addiction Centres’ National Drug Dependence, Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

Chawla Sandeep ‘World Drug Report 2011’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Vienna.

Steve Sussman et al, 2011. ‘Drug Addiction, Love and the Higher Power’. Eval Health Prof. 34(3): 362–370.

Anker Justin J. 2012. Drug Abuse, Dopamine, and the Brain’s Reward System. Butler Center for Research Hazelden Foundation.

View Full Article:

Additional Files