Pharmacokinetics of Lornoxicam in rabbits after single intravenous bolus and intramuscular administrations

Authors

  • Abubakr El-Mahmoudy Benha University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14419/ijpt.v4i1.5998

Published:

2016-04-26

Keywords:

Lornoxicam, Pharmacokinetics, Intravenous, Intramuscular, Rabbits.

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of lornoxicam (a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) at a dose of 0.4 mg/Kg body weight was evaluated after single intravenous (i.v.) and intramuscular (i.m.) bolus administrations in rabbits. An HPLC assay using pure lornoxicam base as a standard was used to measure its concentrations in plasma at prefixed time points up to 12 hours post administration. Following an i.v. bolus injection, the plasma concentration-time curves of lornoxicam were best represented by two-compartment open model. The drug was rapidly distributed and moderately eliminated with half-lives of distribution (t1/2α) and elimination (t1/2β) of 0.238 and 2.611 h, respectively. The volume of distribution was large with (Vdss) value of 1.499 L. The total body clearance (ClB) was 0.413 L/h. After i.m. bolus administration of the same dose, lornoxicam was moderately and completely absorbed in rabbits with an absorption half-life (t½ab) of 1.228 h with peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of 0.463 μg/mL attained at 1.512 h (Tmax) and systemic bioavailability of 99.79%. The elimination half-life following i.m. administration was 2.283 h. The extent of plasma protein binding percent was 98.9%. The study recommends the use of lornoxicam in rabbits because of its good pharmacokinetic profile indicated by good absorption, bioavailability and plasma concentrations.

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