An approach to implement interactive teaching in blended learning environments
Keywords:Blended Active Learning, Classrooms Technology, Computer-Marked Assessment, E-Instructions.
The use of electronic response systems in classrooms can be effective, especially when coupled with a method allowing a question to be broken into manageable interactive questions. This paper develops the use of electronic response systems as a part of leading assessment delivery and data collection solutions in a blended learning environment. The technology that is the subject of this research consists of thirty-button response cards that transmit student responses to a receiver connected to the instructor laptop. The electronic response systems are proven to enhance the effective instructions, increase retentions, engage participants, and immediately assess understanding.
 Agresti, A. and Finlay, B., â€œStatistical Methods for the Social Sciencesâ€, 4th ed., Prentice-Hall Upper Saddle River NJ, 2009.
 Chickering, A.W. and Gamson, Z.F., â€œSeven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate educationâ€, Biochemical Education, vol. 17, no.3, pp. 140â€“141, 1989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0307-4412(89)90094-0.
 Ding, L. and Beichner, R., â€œApproaches to Data Analysis of Multiple-Choice Questionsâ€, Physical Review Special Topics - Physical Education Research 5 020103, pp. 1â€“17, 2009.
 Freeman, J. and Dobbie, A., â€œUse of an Audience Response System to Augment Interactive Learningâ€, Family Medicine, vol. 37, no.1, pp. 12â€“14, 2005.
 Guthrie, R.W. and Carlin, A., â€œWaking the Dead: Using Interactive Technology to Engage Passive Listeners in the Classroomâ€, in Proceedings of the Tenth Americas Conference on Information Systems New York NY, pp. 1â€“8, 2004.
 Hall, R.H., Collier, H.L., Thomas, M.L. and Hilgers, M.G., â€œA Student Response System for Increasing Engagement, Motivation, and Learning in High Enrollment Lecturesâ€, in Proceedings of the Americas Conference on Information Systems, pp. 621â€“626, 2005.
 Miller, T., â€œFormative Computer-Based Assessment in Higher Education: The effectiveness of Feedback in Supporting Student Learningâ€, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, vol. 34, no.2, pp. 181â€“192, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02602930801956075.
 Morling, B., McAuliffe, M., Cohen, L. and DiLorenzo, T.M., â€œEfficacy of Personal Response Systems (â€œClickersâ€) in Large, Introductory Psychology Classesâ€, Teaching of Psychology, vol. 35, no.1, pp. 45â€“50, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00986280701818516.
 Sayed, M., â€œBlended Learning Environment: The Effectiveness in Developing Concepts and Thinking Skillsâ€, Journal of Education and Practice, vol. 4, no. 25, pp. 12â€“17, 2013.
 Sayed, M. and Baker, F., â€œBlended Learning Barriers: An Investigation, Exposition and Solutionsâ€, Journal of Education and Practice, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 81â€“85, 2014.
 Simpson, V. and Oliver, M., â€œElectronic Voting Systems for Lectures then and Now: A comparison of Research and Practiceâ€, Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 187â€“208, 2007.
 Stein, P.S., Challman, S.D. and Brueckner, J.K., â€œUsing Audience Response Technology for Pretest Reviews in an Undergraduate Nursing Courseâ€, Journal of Nursing Education, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 469â€“473, 2006.
 Torbeck, L., â€œEnhancing Programme Evaluation Using the Audience Response Systemâ€, Medical Education, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1088â€“1089, 2007. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2007.02864.x.
 Vojak, C., Kline, S., Cope, B., McCarthey, S. and Kalantzis, M., â€œNew Spaces and Old Places: An Analysis of Writing Assessment Softwareâ€, Computers & Composition, vol. 28, pp. 97â€“111, 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compcom.2011.04.004.
 Yourstone, S.A., Kraye, H.S. and Albaum, G., â€œClassroom Questioning with Immediate Electronic Response: Do Clickers Improve Learning?â€, Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 75â€“88, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4609.2007.00166.x.