Diffusion of dust particles emitted from a fixed source
Keywords:Air Pollution, Atmospheric Diffusion Equation, Dust Concentration, Dust Diffusion, Wind Speed.
In this paper, we investigate the mathematical model for the diffusion of dust particles emitted from a fixed source. Mathematically, the time-dependent diffusion equation in the presence of a point source whose strength is dependent on time is solved. The solution in closed form for a source of general time dependence is obtained. A number of special cases, in which the source function of time is explicitly given and special values of the diffusion parameters are taken are examined in detail. The numerical calculations show the strong dependence of the concentration of dust on the speed of the wind, the source, and its position in the vertical direction. It is also found that the diffusion parameters play an important role in the spread of the dust particles in the atmosphere. When diffusion is present only in the vertical direction, it is found that for small times the dust spreads with a front that travels with the speed of the wind.
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