The influence of longitudinal diffusion on the transport of dust particles emitted from a fixed source
Keywords:Dust Diffusion, Atmospheric Diffusion Equation, Longitudinal Diffusion, Wind Speed, Unsteady State.
The mathematical model for the diffusion of dust particles emitted from a fixed source in the presence of the longitudinal diffusion and absence of latitudinal and vertical diffusions, is investigated. The diffusion of dust particles in the atmosphere is governed by the atmospheric diffusion equation. In the previous paper , the general case of the time-dependent diffusion equation in the presence of a point source whose strength is dependent on time, was solved. The calculations showed that the diffusion parameters play an important role in the spread of the dust particles in the atmosphere. In the previous paper, we examined the model in the presence of vertical diffusion and absence of other diffusions to show that for small times, the dust spreads with a front that travels with the speed of the wind. In the current paper, the vertical and latitudinal diffusions are absent while the longitudinal diffusion is present. It is found that the solution depends on the source of time dependence. To study the nature of the solution, two special cases of the source are specified. In the both cases, it is found that there is no discontinuity front, and the dust particles spread slowly into the direction of the wind.
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