Investigation of the relationship of the morphometric measurements of the hands and fingers with the personality traits of leadership


  • Seda Sertel Meyvaci BAÄ°BÃœ
  • Rengin Kosif BAÄ°BÃœ
  • Murat Diramali BAÄ°BÃœ
  • Tugce Baki BAÄ°BÃœ





Hand, Fingers, Leadership Traits.


Background: The hand is a functionally critical organ at the distal end of the upper extremity. Also, the creases in the hands and the digital flexion creases on the fingers are the important external anatomical landmarks.

Objectives: There are no studies found in the literature, linking solely the leadership personality traits with the anthropometric measurements of the hand.

Methods: This descriptive study was to investigate the relationship between the 44 anthropometric measurements about hand, and the leadership personality traits in young adults from both genders.

Results: When the leadership frames were compared by the scores, human resource leadership scores were significantly higher in the females. The charismatic leadership frame scores positively correlated with the parameters in males; including the breadth of the right hand, the breadth of the left hand, the index finger length of the left hand, and the distal phalanx length of the index finger on the left hand. The transformational leadership score was positively correlated with the left hand width and with the distal phalanx of the index finger on the left hand. In females, it was found out that the frames of human leadership and charismatic leadership correlated negatively with the length of the right thumb.

Conclusions: According to the results of our study, we concluded that the breadth of the hand and the measurements of the thumb and the index fingers can provide opinion on leadership personality traits.




[1] S. Gurcan, S. Adıyaman. Elin anatomisi ve kineziyolojisi. Turkiye Klinikleri J PM&R-Special Topics 1.1 (2008) 1-9.

[2] T. Kanchan, K. Krishan. Anthropometry of hand in sex determination of dismembered remains - A review of literature. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 18 (2011) 14-17.

[3] R. Kosif, M. Dıramalı, S. Sertel Meyvacı. Distances of palmar flexion creases (haustra digiti) and digital formulae in right and left handed people. Int J Morphol 33.1 (2015) 173-177.

[4] A.K. Agnihotri, B. Purwar, N. Jeebun. Determination of sex hand dimensions. Internal J of Forensic Science 2.1 (2006) 12-24.

[5] R.A. Lazenby. Identification of sex from metacarpals: effect of side asymmetry. J Forensic Sci 39 (1994) 1188-94.

[6] R. Kosif, M. Dıramalı. Comparison of all hand digit length ratios in left- and right-handed individuals. Turk J Med Sci 42.3 (2012) 545-552.

[7] R.G. Jakubietz, M.G. Jakubietz, D. Kloss, J.G. Gruenert. Defining the basic aesthetics of the hand. Aesth Plast Surg 29 (2005) 546-551.

[8] A.K. Abdel-Malek, A.M. Ahmed, S.A. El-Sharkawi, N.A. El-Hamid. Prediction of stature from hand measurements. Forensic Science International 46.3 (1990) 181-7.

[9] M. Voracek, L.M. Loibl. Scientometric analysis and bibliography of digit ratio (2D:4D) research, 1998–2008. Psychological Reports 104.3 (2009) 922-56.

[10] J.T. Manning, A. Stewart, P.E. Bundred, R.L. Trivers. Sex and ethnic differences in 2nd to 4th digit ratio of children. Early Human Development 80 (2004) 161-168.

[11] J.T.J. Brons, H.P. van Geijin, P.D. Bezemer, J.P.J. Nauta, N.F. Arts. The fetal skeleton; ultrasonographic evaluation of the normal growth. Reprod Biol 34 (1990) 21-36.

[12] N.E. Budorick, D.H. Pretorius, D.D. Johnson, M.K. Tartar, K.V. Lou, T.R. Nelson. Three-dimensional ultrasound examination of the fetal hands: normal and abnormal. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 12 (1998) 227–234.

[13] S.R. Coleman. Hand rejuvenation with structural fat grafting. Plast Reconstr Surg 110 (2002) 1731.

[14] J.R. Wendt. Distal, dorsal superior extremity plasty. Plast Reconstr Surg 106.1 (2000) 210-213.

[15] T. Baki. Fasiyal anatomi ile liderlik kişilik özelliği arasındaki ilişkinin araştırılması [Mastery Thesis]. Bolu: Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University, Health Sciences Institute; 2019.

[16] A. Tatar, H.E. Özmen, F. Aksu. Genç Kadınlarda Eldeki 2./4. Parmak uzunluk oranına göre kişilik özellikleri profilinin incelenmesi. Nobel Med 13.1 (2017) 39-47.

[17] F. Aksu, A. Tatar, S. Türkmen, S. Çelikli, A. Çelik, S. Tetik. Paramediklerde psikolojik değerlendirme ve eldeki 2/4 parmak oranının kişilik yapısı ile ilişkisi. DEÜ Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi 24.1 (2010) 11-18.

[18] C.H. Wagner. The pianist's hand: anthropometry and biomechanics. Ergonomics 31.1 (1988) 97-131.

[19] M. Dereli. A Survey research of leadership styles of elementary school principals [Mastery Thesis]. Ankara: Middle East Technical University, Educational Sciences Institute; 2003.

[20] S.N. Paul, J.L. Hunkin, S. Vivekanandan, T.D. Spector. The Big Finger: the second to fourth digit ratio is a predictor of sporting ability in women. Br J Sports Med 40 (2006) 40: 981-983.

[21] J.T. Martin, D.A Puts, S.M. Breedlove. Hand asymmetry in heterosexual and homosexual men and women: relationship to 2d:4d digit ratios and other sexually dimorphic anatomical traits. Arch Sex Behav 37 (2008) 119–132.

View Full Article:

Additional Files