The effect of terpolymer admixtures on physico-mechanical properties of cement pastes


  • Elsayed Negim Wolverhampton University
  • Aisha A.M.B
  • Shatabayeva Elvira Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Yessimkanova Umit Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Kurmanbekova Aylum Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Tyazhina Kozaiym Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Urkimbaeva P.I. Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Rakhmetullayeva R.K. Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Mun G.A. Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
  • Yeligbayeva G.Zh. Kazakh National Technical University
  • Irmukhametova Galiya Al-Farabi Kazakh National University





Terpolymer, Cement, Rheological, Strength, SEM, Workability.


Three composition ratios of methyl methacrylate; (MMA), 2-ethylhexyl acrylate, (2- EHA), and methacrylic acid; (MAA) terpolymers were prepared via emulsion polymerization. The polymerizations were carried out at 80°C using potassium persulfate (KPS) as initiator. The terpolymers were characterized by FT-IR and 1HNMR. The influence of these terpolymers on the physico-mechanical properties of Portland cement (PC) pastes was determined using various characterization methods such as rheological and consistency. The results showed that as the ratio of MMA increased in the terpolymers, the water of consistency decreased, while the initial and final setting times were elongated with the concentration of 2-EHA increases. The workability, combined water and compressive strength of the hardened cement pastes were raised, whereas the water absorption was reduced with increasing quantity of MMA in prepared terpolymers and leads to the reduction in the porosity of the cement pastes, it is due to generation polymer films between cement granules. The SEM images confirmed that the addition of the terpolymers to the cement pastes affected on shape or morphology and size of crystals of the formed hydrates.


[1] John Wiley & Sons, Concrete Manual (8th edition), New York, London, A Wiley-Inter-science Publication, (1981).

[2] Kung-Chung. H.; Sheng-Da. C.; Nan. S., Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 76, (2000), 1762.

[3] Ahmad, R., Iranian Polymer Journal, 10, (2001), 157.

[4] El-Sayed, Negim;Latipa, Kozhamzharova; Yeligbayeva, Gulzhakhan; Jamal, Khatib; Lyazzat, Bekbayeva; Craig, Williams, The Scientific Word Journal, 2014, (2014), 11.

[5] El-Sayed, Negim; Latipa, Kozhamzharova; Jamal, Khatib; Lyazzat, Bekbayeva; Craig,Williams, the Scientific Word Journal, 2014, (2014), 10.

[6] El-Sayed, Negim; Khatib, J.M.; Sakhy, M.; Shilibekov, S.; Shanshabayev, N.; Jakiyayev, B., World Applied Sciences Journal, 29, 6, (2014), 796-804.

[7] Ayoub, M.M.H; El-Awady, M.M.; Nasr, H.E.; Negim, S.M., J. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 42, 5, (2003), 863-881.

[8] Ayoub, M.M.H; Nasr, H.E.; Darweesh, M.H.H.; Negim, S.M., J. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 44, 2, (2005), 305-319.

[9] Negim, S.M.; Ayoub, M.M.H.; Enany, G.M.; Mun, G.A., Eurasian ChemTech Journal, 8, 3, (2006), 243-250.

[10] Ayoub, MMH; Darweesh, HHM; Negim, S.M., Cemento Hormigon, 919, (2007), 4-15.

[11] El-Sayed. Negim; Mahyuddin, Ramli; Saber, Mansour; Bahruddin, Saad; Muhammad, Saleh, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 6, 2, (2010), 99-107.

[12] El-Sayed, Negim; Mahyuddin, Ramli; Saber, Mansour; Bahruddin, Saad; Muhammad, Idiris. J. World Applied Science, 10, 4, (2010), 443-450.

[13] El-Sayed, Negim; Jamal, Khatib; Mahyuddin, Ramli; Bahruddin, Saad; Muhammad, Saleh, J. World Applied Sciences, 10, 6, (2010), 685-694.

[14] El-Sayed, Negim; Mahyuddin, Ramli; Bahruddin, Saad; Lyazzat, Bekbayeva; Muhammad, Saleh. J. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 50, (2011), 941 – 946.

[15] El-Sayed, Negim; Mahyuddin, Ramli; Jamal, Khatib; Lyazzat, Bekbayeva; Muhammad, Saleh. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 9, 1, (2011), 08 – 16.

[16] Khatib, J.M.; Negim, S.M.; Tarek, Uddin, the Masterbuilder – Construction Chemicals, 14, 1, (2012), 142 – 149.

[17] El-Sayed, Negim; Jamal, Khatib; Khalid, Mutairi; Rakhmetullayeva, Raikhan; Mun, A. Grigoriy, Middle- East Journal of Scientific Research, 11, 8, (2012), 1131-1139.

[18] El-Sayed, Negim; Jamal, Khatib; Mohammed, Muhanna; Syrmanova, Kulash, World Applied Sciences Journal, 19, 6, (2012), 832-837.

[19] Negim, E.S.M.; Khatib, J.M.; Yeligbayeva, G.Zh.; Rakhmetullayeva, R.; Urkimbaeva, P.I.; Sakhy, M.; Shilibekov, S.; Mun, G.A., World Applied Sciences Journal, 25, 7, (2013), 1044-1052.

[20] El-Sayed, Negim; Jamal, Khatib; Nurlan, Inkarbekov, World Applied Sciences Journal, 23, 4, (2013), 549-553.

[21] ASTM C204-82, Standards Test Method, (1993).

[22] ASTM-Standards, Standard test method for normal consistency of hydraulic cement, C187-86, (1993), 148-150.

[23] ASTM-Standards, Standard test method for setting time of hydraulic cement by Vicat apparatus, C191-92, (1993), 866-868.

[24] ASTM-Standards, Standard test method for compressive strength of dimentional strones, C170-90, (1993), 828-830.

[25] El-Didamony, H.; Haggag, M.Y.; Abo-El-Enein, S.A., Cem. Concr. Res., 8, (1978), 351-358. (78)90105-9.

[26] Satarin, V.I.; Syrkin, Y.M., Determination of Chemically-Bound Water in Rapid Hardening Slag Portland cement. Proc. 5th. Int. Symp. Chem. Tokyo, Japan, (1968), 215-227.

[27] ASTM C127 - 12. Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate, DOI: 10.1520/C0127-12.

[28] Amal, A.I.; Ahmed, A.; Mohamed, S.S.; Magdy M.H.A., Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials, 2, (2012), 23.

[29] Allahverdi, A.; Kianpur, K.; Moghbeli, M.R., Iranian Journal of Materials Science & Engineerin. (2010), 7.

[30] Frank, W.; Stefan, B.; Joachim, P.; Thomas, G., Cement & Concrete Composites, 29, (2007), 251.

[31] Meishan, P.; Wanki, K.; Wongil, H.; Aaron, J. A.; Yangseob. S., Cement and Concrete Research, 32, (2002), 837.

[32] Mohamed, H.; Mohamed, S.M.; Ismail. A., Ceramics – Silikáty, 50, (2006), 5.

[33] El-Sayed, M.N.; Mahyuddin, R.; Bahruddin, S.; Jamal, K.; Lyazzat, B.; Marwan, S.; Muhammad, I. S., Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 9, (2011), 08.

[34] Ayoub, M.M.H.; Nasr. H. E. Polymer - Plastics Technology and Engineering, 45, (2006), 1307.

[35] Joachim, S., Cement and Concrete Research, 29, (1999), 909. (99)00060-5.

[36] Chandra, S.; Flodin. P., Cement and Concrete Research, 17, (1987), 875. (87)90076-7.

[37] Johann, P.; Christian. H., Cement and Concrete Research, 37, (2007), 537.

View Full Article: