Bilateral accessory renal arteries in a fetus: importance for surgical and radiological practice

  • Authors

    • José Aderval Aragão Associado Professor I, Department of Morphology and the Postgraduate Physical Education and Applied Health Sciences Programs, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS), and Titular Professor of the Medical School, Tiradentes University (UNIT), Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
    • Danillo Primo Andrade Santana Medical Student, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS), Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
    • Ellen Caroline da Conceição Brandão Medical Student, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS), Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
    • Viviane Freitas Andrade
    • Marianna Ribeiro de Menezes Freire Medical Student, Tiradentes University (UNIT), Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
    • Francisco Prado Reis Titular Professor, Medical School of Tiradentes University (UNIT), Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.
  • Anatomy, Renal Artery, Urogenital Abnormalities, Kidney Transplantation.
  • Context: Knowledge of anatomical variations of the renal vessels is considered important, in view of the increasing use of kidney transplantation, vascular reconstruction and imaging methods.

    Objective: To report on a case of triple right renal artery, and double left renal artery and its clinical-surgical implications.

    Case report: In a female fetal cadaver of age 30 weeks, multiple renal arteries were observed: triple in the right and double in the left renal artery. All the arteries were hilar and originated from the lateral face of the abdominal aorta. The lengths of the triple renal arteries were 17, 10 and 12 mm respectively for the upper, middle and lower arteries. The lengths of the double arteries were 10 and 12 mm respectively for the upper and lower arteries. There was no extrarenal segmentation.

    Conclusion: Knowledge of possible variations in the renal arteries may be very useful for radiologists, urologists and vascular surgeons.

  • References

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    Aragão, J. A., Santana, D. P. A., Brandão, E. C. da C., Andrade, V. F., Freire, M. R. de M., & Reis, F. P. (2015). Bilateral accessory renal arteries in a fetus: importance for surgical and radiological practice. International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4(3), 288-290.