Fungicidal and antibacterial activity of the hydrogel compositions with silver

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Contamination of the rhizosphere by pathogenic microorganisms is a universal soil-ecological problem leading to heavy losses in tuber and root crop yield of agricultural crops. Suppression of these microorganisms is possible because of special gel compositions with silver ions and nanoparticles as plant-protecting agents. An efficiency test of gel-silver inhibitors was carried out on two common pathogens, the causative agents of late blight (Oomycete Phytophthora infestans) and black leg of potato (Enterobacterium Pectobacterium atrosepticum). The study revealed an exponential relationship between  inhibitor dose and linear (by diameter) and nonlinear (by area) specific growth rates of colonies of microorganisms. According this model the EC50 values of the gel compositions varied from 1 to 86 ppm of the active substance (Ag) and were consistent with other research findings. The fungicidal effect was sufficiently  (3-30 times) lower for gel compositions based on ionic silver in comparison with colloidal forms; whereas bactericidal properties for both agents were similar.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Plant Pathogens, Hydrogel compositions, Silver nanoparticles and ions, Plant protection agents, Rhizosphere;

  • References


      [1] A.N. Afonin, S.L. Green, N.I. Dzyubenko, A.N. Frolov, Agro-ecological Atlas of Russia and neighboring countries: economically important plants, their pests, diseases and weeds (Internet version 2.0). http://www.agroatlas.ru (2008) (in Russian).

      [2] M. Ali, B., K.D. Belfield, D. Norman, M. Brennan, G.S. Ali, Inhibition of Phytophthora parasitica and P. capsici by Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized Using Aqueous Extract of Artemisia absinthium. Phytopathology 105 (2015) 1183.

      [3] B. Sawicka, P. Pszczolkowski, 14th Dreijahrestagung der Europäischen Gesellschaft für Kartoffelforschung Zusammenfassungen, Sorrento, Italy, 1 (2016) 112.

      [4] Smagin A.V., IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environ. Sci., 52(ID 012087) (2017).7.

      [5] T. Reglinski, T.M. Spiers, M.A. Dick, J.T. Taylor, Plant Pathol J. 58 (2009) 723.

      [6] A.M. Al-Darby, S.I. Al-Asfoor, Y.Z. El-Shafei, J. Saudi Soc. for Agric.Sci. 1 (2002) 14–26.

      [7] C. Demitri, F. Scalera, M. Madaghiele, A. Sannino, A Maffezzoli, International J. of Polymer Science ID 435073 (2013) 6.

      [8] A.V. Smagin, N.B. Sadovnikova, Eurasian Soil Sci. 27(1995) 50.

      [9] A.V. Smagin, N.B. Sadovnikova, Eurasian Soil Sci. 48 (2015) 981.

      [10] S.J. Slade, G.F. Pegg, Annals of Applied Biology 122 (1993)233.

      [11] J.S. Min, K.S. Kim, S.W. Kim, et al., Effect of colloidal silver nanoparticles on sclerotium-forming phytopathogenic fungi. Plant Pathol J. 25 (2009) 376.

      [12] J. De Lucca, S .Boue, T. Sien, T.E. Cleveland, T.J. Walsh, Mycoses 54 (2011) e1–8.

      [13] S.W. Kim, J.H. Jung, K, Lamsal, Y.S. Kim, J.S. Min, Y.S. Lee, Mycobiology 40 (2012) 53.

      [14] S.M. Ouda, Research Journal of Microbiology 9 (2014) 34.

      [15] K. Lamsal, S.W. Kim, J.H. Jung, Y.S. Kim, K.S. Kim, Y.S. Lee, Mycobiology 39 (2011) 194.

      [16] J. Pulit, M. Banach, R. Szczygłowska, M. Bryk, Acta Biochimica Polonica 60 (2013) 795.

      [17] Patent RU (2014) No. 2536509.

      [18] Y. Krutyakov, A. Kudrinskiy, P. Zherebin et al., Materials Research Express 3 (2016) 1–8.

      [19] R. Prasad, Advances and Applications Through Fungal Nanobiotechnology (2016) Switzerland. Springer Int. Publ

      [20] J.L. Li, X.Y. Liu, J.T. Xie, Y.L. Di, F.X. Zhu, J. of Phytopathology 163 (2015) 239.

      [21] J.L. Sebaugh, Pharmaceutical Statistics 10 (2011) 128.

      [22] H.J. Liang, J.L. Li, Y.L. Di, A.S. Zhang, F.X. Zhu, J. of Phytopatology 163 (2015) 456.

      [23] H.T. Ratte,. Env. Toxicol. and Chem. 18 (1999) 89.

      [24] P. Das, M.A. Xenopoulos., C.J. Williams., M.E. Hoque., C.D. Metcalfe, Environ. Toxicology and Chemistry 31 (2012) 122.

      [25] M.K. Rai, S.D. Deshmukh, A.P. Ingle, A.K. Gade, J. of Applied Microbiology 112 (2012) 841.

      [26] H.S. Jiang, M. Li, F.Y. Chang, W. Li, L.Y. Yin, Environ. Toxicology and Chemistry 31 (2012) 1880.

      [27] K.A. Langdon, M.J. McLaughlin, J.K. Kirby, G. Merrington, Env. Toxicol. and Chem. 34 (2015) 2503.

      [28] K. Schlich, Th. Klawonn, K. Terytze, K. Hund-Rinke, Env. Toxicol. and Chem. 32 (2013) 181.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 11874
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i2.23.11874




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.