Aluminum metal matrix composites a review of reinforcement; mechanical and tribological behavior

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    This review aims to explore the fundamental mechanical and tribological behavior Aluminum matrix composites (AMCs) reinforced with different reinforcements. Aluminum matrix composites are considered to be the new emerging class of materials which are having the tailored properties for specific applications. AMCs are the advanced engineering materials having superior properties as comparison to other conventional aluminum alloys. AMCs exhibits attractive properties such as high hardness, better yield strength, strength to weight ratio, high thermal conductivity, low coefficient of thermal expansion, superior wear and corrosion resistance. In recent times, because of these properties they have repealed keen interest for various potential applications in aerospace, automotive and various other structural applications.. Extensive research and development has been made in the Al-based MMCs with every possible alloy and different reinforcements so as to get the material of desired properties. By suitable use of different reinforcements in the Al metal matrix a wide range of properties combination can be obtained. The fundamental mechanical and tribological behavior of different reinforcements under dry and wet lubricated sliding conditions is recently being studied. It is reported that various reinforcement were successfully employed to decrease friction and wear in various applications. A comprehensive review is provided with the aim to analyze such properties of different reinforcements.


  • Keywords

    Metal Matrix Composites (MMCS); Aluminum Matrix Composites (AMCS); Reinforcement; Wear; Coefficient of Friction (COF).

  • References

      [1] Guo, N., & Leu, M. C. (2013). Additive manufacturing: technology, applications and research needs. Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 8(3), 215-243.

      [2] Helu, M., Vijayaraghavan, A., & Dornfeld, D. (2011). Evaluating the relationship between use phase environmental impacts and manufacturing process precision. CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, 60(1), 49-52.

      [3] Rajmohan, T., Palanikumar, K., & Ranganathan, S. (2013). Evaluation of mechanical and wear properties of hybrid aluminium matrix composites. Transactions of nonferrous metals society of China, 23(9), 2509-2517.

      [4] Suresha, S., & Sridhara, B. K. (2012). Friction characteristics of aluminium silicon carbide graphite hybrid composites. Materials & Design, 34, 576-583.

      [5] Boopathi, M. M., Arulshri, K. P., & Iyandurai, N. (2013). Evaluation of mechanical properties of aluminium alloy 2024 reinforced with silicon carbide and fly ash hybrid metal matrix composites. American journal of applied sciences, 10(3), 219.

      [6] Prasad, D. S., & Shoba, C. (2014). Hybrid composites–a better choice for high wear resistant materials. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 3(2), 172-178.

      [7] Prasad, D. S., Shoba, C., & Ramanaiah, N. (2014). Investigations on mechanical properties of aluminum hybrid composites. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 3(1), 79-85.

      [8] Alaneme, K. K., Bodunrin, M. O., & Awe, A. A. (2016). Microstructure, mechanical and fracture properties of groundnut shell ash and silicon carbide dispersion strengthened aluminium matrix composites. Journal of King Saud University-Engineering Sciences..

      [9] Alaneme, K. K., & Aluko, A. O. (2012). Fracture toughness (K1C) and tensile properties of as-cast and age-hardened aluminium (6063)–silicon carbide particulate composites. Scientia Iranica, 19(4), 992-996.

      [10] Alaneme, K. K. (2012). Influence of thermo-mechanical treatment on the tensile behaviour and CNT evaluated fracture toughness of borax premixed SiCp reinforced aluminum (6063) composites. International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 7(1), 96-100.

      [11] Ravesh, S. K., & Garg, T. K. (2012). Preparation & analysis for some mechanical property of aluminium based metal matrix composite reinforced with SiC & fly ash. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 2(6), 727-731.

      [12] Chawla, N., & Shen, Y. L. (2001). Mechanical behavior of particle reinforced metal matrix composites. Advanced engineering materials, 3(6), 357-370...

      [13] Alaneme, K. K., & Adewale, T. M. (2013). Influence of rice husk ash–silicon carbide weight ratios on the mechanical behaviour of Al-Mg-Si alloy matrix hybrid composites. Tribology in industry, 35(2), 163-172.

      [14] Hosking, F. M., Portillo, F. F., Wunderlin, R., & Mehrabian, R. (1982). Composites of aluminium alloys: fabrication and wear behaviour. Journal of Materials Science, 17(2), 477-498.

      [15] Wilson, S., & Alpas, A. T. (1997). Wear mechanism maps for metal matrix composites. Wear, 212(1), 41-49.

      [16] Deuis, R. L., Subramanian, C., & Yellup, J. M. (1997). Dry sliding wear of aluminium composites—a review. Composites Science and Technology, 57(4), 415-435.

      [17] Casati, R., & Vedani, M. (2014). Metal matrix composites reinforced by nano-particles—a review. Metals, 4(1), 65-83.

      [18] Moustafa, S. F., & Soliman, F. A. (1997). Wear resistance of δ-type aluminafibre reinforced Al-4percentage Cu matrix composite. Tribology Letters, 3(4), 311-315.

      [19] Yalcin, Y., & Akbulut, H. (2006). Dry wear properties of A356-SiC particle reinforced MMCs produced by two melting routes. Materials & design, 27(10), 872-881.

      [20] Gürler, R. (1999). Sliding Wear Behavior of a Silicon Carbide Particle–Reinforced Aluminum–magnesium Alloy. Journal of materials science letters, 18(7), 553-554.

      [21] Reihani, S. S. (2006). Processing of squeeze cast Al6061–30volpercentage SiC composites and their characterization. Materials & design, 27(3), 216-222.

      [22] Lim, S. C., Gupta, M., Ren, L., & Kwok, J. K. M. (1999). The tribological properties of Al–Cu/SiCp metal–matrix composites fabricated using the rheocasting technique. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 89, 591-596.

      [23] Natarajan, N., Vijayarangan, S., & Rajendran, I. (2006). Wear behaviour of A356/25SiC p aluminium matrix composites sliding against automobile friction material. Wear, 261(7), 812-822.

      [24] Zhiqiang, S., Di, Z., & Guobin, L. (2005). Evaluation of dry sliding wear behavior of silicon particles reinforced aluminum matrix composites. Materials & design, 26(5), 454-458.

      [25] Bodunrin, M. O., Alaneme, K. K., & Chown, L. H. (2015). Aluminium matrix hybrid composites: a review of reinforcement philosophies; mechanical, corrosion and tribological characteristics. Journal of materials research and technology, 4(4), 434-445.

      [26] Kumar, G. V., Rao, C. S. P., Selvaraj, N., & Bhagyashekar, M. S. (2010). Studies on Al6061-SiC and Al7075-Al2O3 metal matrix composites. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 9(01), 43.

      [27] Sahin, Y. (2003). Wear behaviour of aluminium alloy and its composites reinforced by SiC particles using statistical analysis. Materials & design, 24(2), 95-103.

      [28] Mahdavi, S., & Akhlaghi, F. (2011). Effect of the SiC particle size on the dry sliding wear behavior of SiC and SiC–Gr-reinforced Al6061 composites. Journal of materials science, 46(24), 7883.

      [29] Mahdavi, S., & Akhlaghi, F. (2011). Effect of SiC content on the processing, compaction behavior, and properties of Al6061/SiC/Gr hybrid composites. Journal of Materials Science, 46(5), 1502-1511.

      [30] Ravindran, P., Manisekar, K., Narayanasamy, P., Selvakumar, N., & Narayanasamy, R. (2012). Application of factorial techniques to study the wear of Al hybrid composites with graphite addition. Materials & Design, 39, 42-54.

      [31] Devaraju, A., Kumar, A., & Kotiveerachari, B. (2013). Influence of addition of Grp/Al2O3p with SiCp on wear properties of aluminum alloy 6061-T6 hybrid composites via friction stir processing. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 23(5), 1275-1280..

      [32] Umanath, K. P. S. S. K., Palanikumar, K., & Selvamani, S. T. (2013). Analysis of dry sliding wear behaviour of Al6061/SiC/Al2O3 hybrid metal matrix composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 53, 159-168.

      [33] Ramnath, B. V., Elanchezhian, C., Annamalai, R. M., Aravind, S., Atreya, T. S. A., Vignesh, V., & Subramanian, C. (2014). Aluminium metal matrix composites–a review. Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci, 38(5).

      [34] Ramachandra, M., & Radhakrishna, K. (2004, December). Study of abrasive wear behaviour of Al-Si (12%) SiC Metal matrix composite synthesised using vortex Method. In International symposium of research students on materials science and engineering (pp. 20-22).

      [35] KUMAR, C. A. V., & RAJADURAI, J. S. (2016). Influence of rutile (TiO2) content on wear and microhardness characteristics of aluminium-based hybrid composites synthesized by powder metallurgy. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 26(1), 63-73.

      [36] Zhu, Y., Zhou, A., Ji, Y., Jia, J., Wang, L., Wu, B., & Zan, Q. (2015). Tribological properties of Ti 3 SiC 2 coupled with different counterfaces. Ceramics International, 41(5), 6950-6955.

      [37] Nassar, A. E., & Nassar, E. E. (2017). Properties of aluminum matrix nano composites prepared by powder metallurgy processing. Journal of king saud university-Engineering sciences, 29(3), 295-299.

      [38] Venkatprasad, S., Subramanian, R., Radika, N., Anandavel, B., Arun, L., & Praveen, N. (2011). Influence of parameters on the dry sliding wear behavior of aluminium/Flyash/Graphite hybrid metal matrix composite. European journal of scientific research, 53(2), 280-290.

      [39] Moorthy, A., Natarajan, D. N., Sivakumar, R., Manojkumar, M., & Suresh, M. (2012). Dry sliding wear and mechanical behavior of aluminium/fly ash/graphite hybrid metal matrix composite using taguchi method. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), 2(3), 1224-1230.

      [40] Alaneme, K. K., Adewale, T. M., & Olubambi, P. A. (2014). Corrosion and wear behaviour of Al–Mg–Si alloy matrix hybrid composites reinforced with rice husk ash and silicon carbide. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 3(1), 9-16.

      [41] Alaneme, K. K., & Adewale, T. M. (2013). Influence of rice husk ash–silicon carbide weight ratios on the mechanical behaviour of Al-Mg-Si alloy matrix hybrid composites. Tribology in industry, 35(2), 163-172.

      [42] Clauss, F. J. (Ed.). (2012). Solid lubricants and self-lubricating solids. Elsevier.

      [43] Scharf, T. W., & Prasad, S. V. (2013). Solid lubricants: a review. Journal of materials science, 48(2), 511-531.

      [44] Cho, M. H., Ju, J., Kim, S. J., & Jang, H. (2006). Tribological properties of solid lubricants (graphite, Sb 2 S 3, MoS 2) for automotive brake friction materials. Wear, 260(7), 855-860.

      [45] Charoo, M. S., & Wani, M. F. (2016). Tribological

      Properties of IF-MoS 2 nanoparticles as lubricant additive on cylinder liner and piston ring tribo-pair. Tribology in Industry, 38(2), 156-162.

      [46] Charoo, M. S., & Wani, M. F. (2017). Tribological properties of h‐BN nanoparticles as lubricant additive on cylinder liner and piston ring. Lubrication Science, 29(4), 241-254.

      [47] Poovazhagan, L., Kalaichelvan, K., & Sornakumar, T. (2016). Processing and performance characteristics of aluminum-nano boron carbide metal matrix nanocomposites. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 31(10), 1275-1285.




Article ID: 13020
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i2.4.13020

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.