Nitrate contamination in groundwater agricultural of Samno and Elzegan area, Fazan region, Libya

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    This paper study explores the groundwater nitrate pollution associated with agricultural activities in Samno and Elzegan areas, Libya. The study’s main aim is to evaluate the condition of groundwater agricultural in the study area. 40 water samples were collected from forty established wells used of daily domestic and public utilities from first of January to end of July 2014 the samples were collected subjected from different aquifer levels and depths. The water samples’ NO3 concentration was measured using the hack-spectrophotometer nitrate test. The findings revealed that a major portion of the groundwater samples had a significant NO3 concentration; only 12.5% wells were recorded at the saver level. Meanwhile, 87% wells were recorded as polluted with NO3, 27.5 % wells were in severing level and 60% wells were recorded as slightly to moderate levels. The main sources of NO3 in the groundwater come from an excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. This study recommends that most of the wells operated within the study areas are not suitable for any household or agricultural purposes.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Groundwater Agricultural; contamination; nitrate; Libya

  • References


      [1]. Ageena, I.M., 2013. Trends and patterns in the climate of Libya Thesis submitted in accordance with the requirements of the University of Liverpool for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. , (November).

      [2]. Alghariani, S.A., 2006. Reducing Agricultural Water Demand in Libya Through the Improvement of Water Use Efficiency and Crop Water Productivity. , 2025, pp.99–107.

      [3]. Bartram, J. & Ballance, R., 1996. Water quality monitoring: a practical guide to the design and implementation of freshwater quality studies and monitoring programmes, Available at: http://trafficlight.bitdefender.com/info?url=https%3A//books.google.com/books%3Fhl%3Den%26lr%3Dlang_en%26id%3DwFijb1IvCIC%26oi%3Dfnd%26pg%3DPR11%26dq%3DBartram+and+Ballance%2C+1996%26ots%3D5nDPMlNHo8%26sig%3DX85_fXDbne3BT9lBKwLCZ34CsmI&language=en_US [Accessed July 11, 2016].

      [4]. Cepuder, P. & Shukla, M., 2002. Groundwater nitrate in Austria: a case study in Tullnerfeld. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. Available at: http://trafficlight.bitdefender.com/info?url=http%3A//link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A%3A1021438310211&language=en_US [Accessed July 11, 2016].

      [5]. Goudarzi, G.H. & Pecora, W.T., Geology and Mineral Resources of Libya- A Reconnaissance.

      [6]. Mustafa, O. & Ahmad, H., 2008. Nitrate Pollution in Groundwater of Sulaimaniyah City, Kurdistan Region, NE Iraq. Iraqi Bulle-tin of Geology and Mining. Available at: http://trafficlight.bitdefender.com/info?url=http%3A//www.academia.edu/download/31577636/Nitrate_Pollution_in_Groundwater_of_Sulaimani_City__Kurdistan_Region.pdf&language=en_US [Accessed July 11, 2016].

      [7]. Trojan, M. et al., 2003. Effects of land use on ground water quality in the Anoka Sand Plain Aquifer of Minnesota. Ground. Available at: http://trafficlight.bitdefender.com/info?url=http%3A//onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1745-6584.2003.tb02382.x/full&language=en_US [Accessed July 11, 2016].

      [8]. Water, G. & Jamahiriya, A., 2001. Regional Aquifer Systems. , (42), pp.20–24.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 13128
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i2.29.13128




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.