Sediment Transport and Characteristics in Perak River and Kurau River

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Particle size is the most important parameter to deal in sediment transport processes. This parameter is important to determine the class of sediment transport in river. It is also important for the selection of site for sand mining operation through the determination of the size of sediment, sediment capacity and sediment replenishment rate. Data were obtained through observations made from two rivers namely Sungai Perak and Sungai Kurau in Malaysia. The rivers were categorized as wide river for Sungai Perak and small river for Sungai Kurau. For Sungai Perak, the width of river ranges from 248.18 to 338.53 meter whilst the width of Sungai Kurau ranges from 9 to 11 meter. Data covers flow discharges from 130.988 m3/s to 435.915 m3/s for Sungai Perak and from 2.52 m3/s to 4.723 m3/s for Sungai Kurau. Based on the results, the bed load of two rivers are found to be mostly uniform mixture. The results indicate that these two Malaysian rivers mostly have uniform bed load The bed material for the two rivers are poorly graded mixture and the median size of bed loads mostly ranges from 0.62 to 2.94 mm.


  • Keywords

    Sediment Transport; Non-cohesive sediment; Sediment Distribution

  • References

      [1] Dey S. Fluvial Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic and Sediment Transport Phenomena: Springer; 2014. 8821- p.

      [2] Wu B, Molinas A, Julien PY. Bed-Material Load Computations for Nonuniform Sediments. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 2004;130[October]:1002-12.

      [3] Sinnakaudan SK, Ab. Ghani A, Ahmad MS, Zakaria NA. Multiple Linear Regression Model for Total Bed Material Load Prediction. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 2006;132[5]:521-8.

      [4] van Rijn L. Simple General Formulae for Sand Transport in Rivers, Estuaries and Coastal Waters. 1993.

      [5] Julien PY. River Mechanics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2002.

      [6] Berita Harian O. Banjir di Perak terus buruk, 6,000 dipindahkan. 2014.

      [7] Ab. Ghani A, Zakaria NA, Abdullah R, Chang CK, Sinnakaudan SK, Mohd Sidek L. Guidelines for Field Data Collection and Analysis of River Sediment. 2003.

      [8] Rickly Hydrological C. Bedload Samplers. 2009.

      [9] Ariffin J. Development of Sediment Transport Models for Rivers in Malaysia Using Regression Analysis and Artificial Neural Network: Universiti Sains Malaysia; 2004.

      [10] Chang CK, Ab. Ghani A. Sediment Transport in Kulim River, Kedah, Malaysia. In: Ginsberg SS, editor.: InTech; 2010. p. 175-.

      [11] Wren DG, Barkdoll BD, Kuhnle Ra, Derrow RW. Field Techniques for Suspended-Sediment Measurement. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 2000;126[February]:97-104.

      [12] Rickly Hydrological C. Van Veen Grab Sampler. 2009.

      [13] Chang CK. Sediment Transport in Sungai Kulim, Kedah: Universiti Sains Malaysia; 2006.

      [14] Dey S, Sarkar A. Scour Downstream of an Apron Due to Submerged Horizontal Jets. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 2006;132[3]:246-57.




Article ID: 14270
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i2.29.14270

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.