A Slotted Microstrip Antenna with Fractal Design for Surveillance Based Radar Applications in X- Band

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
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  • Abstract

    This paper proposes a unique micro-strip patch antenna which has a hexagonal fractal pattern which can mainly be used for ground based surveillance radar applications. To further optimize the functioning of the antenna, multiple slots have been added to the ground plane, and a stepped pattern has been implemented to increase the current density and the gain. A detailed study of the stages of development of the antenna has been made, illustrating the effect that various design elements have on the operating characteristics of the final design. There is specific emphasis on the use of slots in the ground plane. Variations in return loss, gain, VSWR, operating frequency and bandwidth with changes in the design of the ground plane have been documented. The antenna is designed to perform in the X-band, more specifically around 9 GHz, making it well suited for short range search. The final iteration of the antenna design, including various stages of slotting in the ground plane, works at 8.7 GHz, which is well within the X-band range, and has a return loss of around 30 dB.



  • Keywords

    David Antenna; hexagonal; Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR); fractal; surveillance radar; return loss; X band

  • References

      [1] Dhakad S.K, Umesh Dwivedi, Tapesh Bhandari “A Slotted Microstrip Antenna with Fractal Design for X-Band based Surveillance Applications” International Journal of control theory and applications, vol 10, number 6, ISSN 0974-5572, 2017

      [2] Merrill Skolnik, "Radar Handbook-Third Edition", 1970

      [3] Dhakad S.K., Neeraj Kumar, Yadav A.K., Shashank Verma, Karthik Ramakrishnan, Jyotbir Singh (2016) A Novel Single Band Microstrip Antenna with Hexagonal Fractal for Surveillance Radar Application. In: Pant M., Deep K., Bansal J., Nagar A., Das K. (eds) Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 436. Springer, Singapore

      [4] FCC, Washington, DC, USA, “First report and order on ultra-wideband technology”, 2002.

      [5] B. B. Mandelbrot, “The Fractal Geometry of Nature”, New York, W. H. Freeman, 1983.

      [6] Douglas H. Werner and Suman Ganguly, “An Overview of Fractal Antenna Engineering Research”, IEEE, 2003

      [7] H. Schantz. The Art and Science of Ultra Wideband Antennas. Artech House, Norwood, MA, 2005.

      [8] C. A.Balanis, “Microstrip antennas,” in Antenna Theory, Analysis and Design, 3rd Edition, 2005




Article ID: 14487
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.3.14487

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