Experimental Study to Establish Compressive and Flexural Strength of High Performance Concrete (HPC) with Addition of Treated Cocos Nucifera Fiber

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    This paper focuses on laboratory investigation to establish the mechanical properties of High Performance Concrete (HPC) of grade M60 with addition of treated cocos nucifera fiber (CNF) together with silica fume (SF) and pulverised fuel ash (PFA). There are 3 diverse mix designs of CNF strengthened concrete (CNFRC) were prepared accordingly. Foremost CNFRC deprived of any additive, subsequent CNFRC made by 10% replacement of cement mass with PFA, followed by arrangement of 10% of ordinary cement (by weight) was supplanted with SF. For respective mix design, CNF was included in the mix 0.5% from the total volume. Test results had indicated that by adding CNF lead to 3% decrease in axial compressive strength of the HPC which was due to dropping the quality of compaction. Through the axial compression test performed, the strength of CNFRC PFAC was about 8% greater associated to the control specimen as PFA by means of its globular element form. Moreover, the inclusion of fiber in the mix had develops the strength under flexure load of CNFRC, CNFRC SFC, CNFRC PFAC by about 10%, 8%, and 25% correspondingly.  



  • Keywords

    Cellular mortar; Compressive strength; Bending strength; Lightweight concrete; Tensile strength

  • References

      [1] Pessiki S, Mlynarczyk A. 2003. Experimental Evaluation of Composite Behavior of Precast Concrete Sandwich Wall Panels. PCI Journal. 48(2): 54-71.

      [2] Bouguerra A, Laurent JP, Goual MS, Queneudec M. 1997. The Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity of Solid Aggregate Using the Transient Plane Source Technique. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 30: 2900-2904.

      [3] Mustaffa WESB, Mehilef S, Saidur R, Safari A. 2011. Biomass Energy in Malaysia: Current State and Prospects. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Review. 15(7): 3360-3370.

      [4] Einea, A., Salmon, D. C., Tandros, M. K., Culp, T. 1994. A New Structurally and Thermally Efficient Precast Sandwich Panel System. PCI J. 39(4): 90-101.

      [5] Johnson Alengaram U, Al Muhit BA, Jumaat MZ, Michael LYJ. 2013. A Comparison of the Thermal Conductivity of Oil Palm Shell Foamed Concrete with Conventional Materials. Materials and Design. 51: 522-529.

      [6] Othuman Mydin MA, Wang YC. 2012. Mechanical Properties of Foamed Concrete Exposed to High Temperatures. Journal of Construction and Building Materials. 26(1): 638-654.

      [7] Roslan AH, Awang H, Othuman Mydin MA. 2013. Effects of Various Additives on Drying Shrinkage, Compressive and Bending Strength of Lightweight Foamed Concrete (LFC). Advanced Materials Research Journal. 626: 594-604.

      [8] Othuman Mydin MA. 2013. Modeling of Transient Heat Transfer in Foamed Concrete Slab. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology. 8(3): 331-349.

      [9] Balshin MY. 1949. Dependence of mechanical properties of metal powders on porosity and limiting properties of metal–ceramic materials, Dokl. Akad. Nauk. UzSSR, 67, No. 5, 831-834.

      [10] Demirbog R, Gul R. 2003. The Effects of Expanded Perlite Aggregate, Silica Fume and Fly Ash on the Thermal Conductivity of Lightweight Concrete. Cement and Concrete Research Journal. 33(5): 723-727

      [11] Okpala DC. 1990. Palm Kernel Shell as Lightweight Aggregate in Concrete. Building and Environment Journal. 25(4): 291-296.

      [12] Soleimanzadeh S, Othuman Mydin MA. 2013. Influence of High Temperatures on Bending Strength of Foamed Concrete Containing Fly Ash and Polypropylene Fiber. International Journal of Engineering. 26(1): 365-374.

      [13] Hoff GC. 1972. Porosity-strength considerations for cellular concrete. Journal of Cement and Concrete Research 2, No. 1, 91-100.

      [14] BSI British Standards. Cement: Composition, Specifications and conformity criteria for low heat common cements. BSI, London, 2000, BS EN 197-1.

      [15] BSI British Standards. Aggregates for Concrete. BSI, London, 2002, BS EN 12620.

      [16] Benayoune, A. A. Abdul Samad, D. N. Trikha, A. A. Abang Ali, S. H. M. Ellinna. 2008. Bending Behavior of Pre-cast Concrete Sandwich Composite Panel–Experimental and Theoretical Investigations. Construction and Building Materials. 22: 580-592.

      [17] Othuman Mydin MA, Wang YC. 2012. Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Lightweight Foamed Concrete (LFC) at Elevated Temperatures. Magazine of Concrete Research. 64(3): 213-224.

      [18] Kearsley EP, Wainwright PJ. 2002. The effect of porosity on the strength of foamed concrete. Journal of Cement and Concrete Research 32, No. 2, 233-239.

      [19] Khennane A, Baker G. 1993. Uniaxial model for concrete under variable temperature and stress, Journal of Engineering. Mechanics (ASCE) 119, No. 8, 1507-1525.

      [20] Othuman Mydin MA, Sahidun NS, Mohd Yusof MY, Md Noordin N. 2015. Compressive, Bending And Splitting Tensile Strengths Of Lightweight Foamed Concrete With Inclusion Of Steel Fibre. Jurnal Teknologi. 7(5): 45-50.

      [21] Shanmugam, N. E., Lakshmi. B. 2001. State of the Art Report on Steel-concrete Composite Columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. 57(1):1041-1080

      [22] Othuman Mydin MA, Mohamed Shajahan MF, Ganesan S, Md. Sani N. 2014. Laboratory Investigation on Compressive Strength and Micro-structural Features of Foamed Concrete with Addition of Wood Ash and Silica Fume as a Cement Replacement, MATEC Web of Conferences. 16: 01004.

      [23] Bush, T. D., and G. L. Stine. 1994. Bending Behavior of Composite Prestressed Sandwich Panels. PCI Journal. 39(2): 112-121.

      [24] Salmon, D. C., A. Einea, M. K. Tadros, and T. D. Culp. 1997. Full Scale Testing of Precast Concrete Sandwich Panels. ACI Structural Journal. 94(4): 354-362.

      [25] Ganesan S, Othuman Mydin MA, Md. Sani N, Che Ani AI. 2014. Performance of Polymer Modified Mortar with Different Dosage of Polymeric Modifier, MATEC Web of Conferences. 15: 01019.

      [26] Sahu JN, Abnisa F, Daud WMA Husin WMW. 2011. Utilization Possibilities of Palm Shell as a Source of Biomass Energy in Malaysia by Producing Bio-oil in Pyrolysis Process. Biomass and Bioenergy. 35(5): 1863-1872.

      [27] Othuman Mydin MA. 2011. Thin-walled Steel Enclosed Lightweight Foamed Concrete: A Novel Approach to Fabricate Sandwich Composite. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 5(12): 1727-1733.

      [28] Khan MI. 2002. Factor Affecting the Thermal Properties of Concrete and Applicability of Its Prediction Models. Building and Environment Journal. 37(6): 607-614.

      [29] Awang H, Othuman Mydin MA, Roslan AF. 2012. Microstructural Investigation of Lightweight Foamed Concrete Incorporating Various Additives. International Journal of Academic Research. 4(2): 197-201.

      [30] Othuman Mydin MA. 2013. An Experimental Investigation on Thermal Conductivity of Lightweight Foamed concrete for Thermal Insulation. Jurnal Teknologi. 63(1): 43-49.

      [31] Othuman Mydin MA, Wang YC. 2011. Elevated-Temperature Thermal Properties of Lightweight Foamed Concrete. Journal of Construction & Building Materials. 25(2): 705-716.

      [32] Newman JB. 1993. Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, Chapter 2: Properties of Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete. Chapman & Hall.

      [33] Sengul O, Azizi S, Karaosmanoglu F, Tasdemir MA. 2011. Effect of Expended Perlite on the Mechanical Properties and Thermal Conductivity of Lightweight Concrete. Energy and Building Journals. 43(2-3): 671-676.




Article ID: 15340
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i2.23.15340

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.