Influence of water volume and heating temperatures on type of phases and crystallite size of sol-gel thin films deposited without solvent

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Sol-gel parameters such as solvent, heating temperature and water volume play a role on affecting phase and crystallite size of Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) thin film. In this paper, the influence of water volume and heating temperature on phases and crystallite size were investigated. TiO2 thin films deposited without solvent by varying water volume which is 32 ml (W32) and 64 ml (W64) and heated at various heating temperature. The phases of TiO2 were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman Spectroscopy while crystallite size was calculated using Scherrer equation. Results show that when heating temperature at 500°C, W32 formulation exhibit anatase and rutile phases while W64 anatase and brookite phase were presence. Increment in heating temperature at 600°C, brookite phase in W64 formulation was transformed into rutile phase with crystallite size of 28.93 nm. Hence, the interest on preparing TiO2 coating without solvent is an alternative method towards green process.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Anatase; Brookite; Raman; Solvent; XRD.

  • References


      [1] Cheng, X, Ou Y, Gao S, Zhao H and Huo L. (2011). Ag nanoparticles modified TiO2 spherical heterostructures with enhanced gas-sensing performance. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, pp.716-721. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2011.01.036.

      [2] Hazra A, Das S, Kanungo J, Sarkar C.K. and Basu S. (2013). Studies on a resistive gas sensor based on sol–gel grown nanocrystalline p-TiO2 thin film for fast hydrogen detection. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, pp.87-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2013.03.113.

      [3] Asahi RY, Morikawa TA, Ohwaki T, Aoki K, Taga Y. (2001). Visible-light photocatalysis in nitrogen-doped titanium oxides. Science, pp.269-271. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1061051.

      [4] Behnajady M.A, Eskandarloo H, Modirshahla N. and Shokri M. (2011). Investigation of the effect of sol–gel synthesis variables on structural and photocatalytic properties of TiO2 nanoparticles. Desalination, pp.10-17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.04.019.

      [5] Balaganapathi T, Kaniamuthan, B, Vinoth S, Arun T and Thilakan P. (2017). Controlled synthesis of brookite and combined brookite with rutile phases of titanium di-oxide and its characterization studies. Ceramics International, pp.2438-2440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.11.037.

      [6] Hanaor, D.A., Chironi, I., Karatchevtseva, I., Triani, G. and Sorrell, C.C. (2012). Single and mixed phase TiO2 powders prepared by excess hydrolysis of titanium alkoxide. Advances in Applied Ceramics, pp.149-158. https://doi.org/10.1179/1743676111Y.0000000059.

      [7] Yoldas, B.E., (1986). Hydrolysis of titanium alkoxide and effects of hydrolytic polycondensation parameters. Journal of Materials Science, pp.1087-1092. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01117399.

      [8] Arıer, Ü.Ö.A. and Tepehan, F.Z. (2011). Influence of heat treatment on the particle size of nanobrookite TiO2 thin films produced by sol–gel method. Surface and Coatings Technology, pp.37-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2011.06.039.

      [9] Ranjitha, A., Muthukumarasamy, N., Thambidurai, M., Balasundaraprabhu, R. and Agilan, S. (2013). Effect of annealing temperature on nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films prepared by sol–gel dip coating method. Optik-International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, pp.6201-6204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2013.04.085.

      [10] Mutuma, B.K., Shao, G.N., Kim, W.D. and Kim, H.T. (2015). Sol–gel synthesis of mesoporous anatase–brookite and anatase–brookite–rutile TiO2 nanoparticles and their photocatalytic properties. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, pp.1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2014.11.060.

      [11] Musa, M.A., Juoi, J.M., Mohd Rosli, Z. and Johari, N.D. (2017). Effect of Degussa P25 on the Morphology, Thickness and Crystallinity of Sol-Gel TiO2 Coating. In Solid State Phenomena, pp. 224-228. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.268.224.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 15460
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.15460




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.