Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Production from Waste Catfish Fat (Pangasius Hypothalamus) Using Barnacle-Zno As A Catalyst

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
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  • Abstract


    The abundance and diverse populations of Barnacle shells catching the intention as a source of calcium oxide catalyst to transesterify waste catfish fat into methyl ester. Calcium oxide supported with zinc oxide was prepared by ball milling method at 1:2 ratios, calcined for 3 h at 400 °C. The characterization of catalyst revealed both metals were well integrated into a bimetallic oxide. The optimal conditions were found to be: methanol/oil mass ratio, 10:1; catalyst amount, 11 wt% at the reaction temperature, 65 °C with 3 h of reaction time achieving 85.7% of methyl ester conversion. Both feedstock and catalyst from waste source have been successfully utilized to produce biodiesel.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Barnacle Shells, Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, Waste Catfish Fat.

  • References


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Article ID: 15968
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.11.15968




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