Physical, Mechanical and Durability Properties of Soil Building Blocks Reinforced with Synthetic Fibre

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Earth construction is the most economic way to solve housing problems, particularly in case of low cost building, with the limitation of resources. The simplicity in production of earth blocks justifies by the availability of soil as raw material and by the less energy in production. Generally, fibre inclusion increases the strength and performance of the earth blocks. Synthetic fibre such as AR glass fibre, polypropylene fibre were used and investigated experimentally with different percentages of fibre 0.25 %, 0.50 %, 0.75 % and 1 % by weight of earth. A sequence of test was conducted with and without addition of fibre to soil building blocks. Physical properties, mechanical properties and durability properties specifically density test, water absorption by capillarity test, linear shrinkage, compressive test, indirect tensile stress, wearing test and erosion test were conducted and compared with different fibre ratio to determine the optimum fibre content in each mix order to produce blocks that will provide the maximum strength. 

  • Keywords


  • References

      [1] M.Safiuddin, M. Z. Jumaat, M. A. Salam, M. S. Islam, R. Hashim, Utilization of solid wastes in construction materials, Int. J. Phys. Sci. 5(13) (2010) 1952-1963.

      [2] Philip Zak, Taha Ashour, Azra Korjenic , Sinan Korjenic, Wei Wu, The influence of natural reinforcement fibers, gypsum and cement on compressive strength of earth bricks materials, Construction and Building Materials 106 (2016) 179–188.

      [3] C. Juarez, B. Guevara, P. Valdez, A. Duran-Herrera, Mechanical properties of natural fibers reinforced sustainable masonry, Construction and Building Materials 24 (2010) 1536–1541.

      [4] Humphrey Danso, D. Brett Martinson, Muhammad Ali, John Williams, Effect of fibre aspect ratio on mechanical properties of soil building blocks, Construction and Building Materials 83 (2015) 314–319.

      [5] M. Bouhicha, F. Aouissi, S. Kenai, Performance of composite soil reinforced with barley straw, Cement & Concrete Composites 27 (2005) 617–621.

      [6] Fulvio Parisi , Domenico Asprone, Luigi Fenu, Andrea Prota, Experimental characterization of Italian composite adobe bricks reinforced with straw fibers, Composite Structures 122 (2015) 300–307.

      [7] Bachir Taallah, Abdelhamid Guettala, Salim Guettala, Abdelouahed Kriker, Mechanical properties and hygroscopicity behavior of compressed earth block filled by date palm fibers, Construction and Building Materials 59 (2014) 161–168.

      [8] Robert Medjo Eko, Engelbert Dieudonne Offa, Thierry Yatchoupou Ngatcha, Lezin Seba Minsili, Potential of salvaged steel fibers for reinforcement of unfired earth blocks, Construction and Building Materials 35 (2012) 340–346.

      [9] María Catalina Nino Villamizar, Vanessa Spinosi Araque, Carlos Alberto Ríos Reyes, Reinaldo Sandoval Silva, Effect of the addition of coal-ash and cassava peels on the engineering properties of compressed earth blocks, Construction and Building Materials 36 (2012) 276–286.

      [10] Li Yongde, Sun Yao, Preliminary study on combined-alkali-slag paste materials, Cement and Concrete Research 30 (2000) 963-966.

      [11] Nurhayat Degirmenci, The using of waste phosphogypsum and natural gypsum in adobe stabilization, Construction and Building Materials 22 (2008) 1220–1224.

      [12] Paki Turgut, Bulent Yesilata, Physico-mechanical and thermal performances of newly developed rubber-added bricks, Energy and Buildings 40 (2008) 679–688.

      [13] C.K. Subramaniaprasad, Benny Mathews Abraham, E.K. Kunhanandan Nambiar, Sorption characteristics of stabilised soil blocks embedded with waste plastic fibres, Construction and Building Materials 63 (2014) 25–32.

      [14] F. Aymerich, L. Fenu, P. Meloni, Effect of reinforcing wool fibres on fracture and energy absorption properties of an earthen material, Construction and Building Materials 27 (2012) 66–72.

      [15] Younoussa Millogo, Jean-Claude Morel, Jean-Emmanuel Aubert, Khosrow Ghavami, Experimental analysis of Pressed Adobe Blocks reinforced with Hibiscus cannabinus fibers, Construction and Building Materials 52 (2014) 71–78.

      [16] Hanumesh B M, Harish B A, N.Venkata Ramana, Influence of Polypropylene Fibres on Recycled Aggregate Concrete, Materials Today: Proceedings 5 (2018) 1147–1155.

      [17] BS EN 772-11, Methods of Test for Masonry Units, European Standards adopted by British Standards Institution, 2011.

      [18] BS EN 771-1, Specification for masonry units, Clay Masonry Units, European Standard adopted by British Standards Institution, 2003.

      [19] BS EN 772-1, Methods of test for masonry units. Determination of Compressive Strength, European Standards adopted by British Standards Institution, 2011.

      [20] Asghar Vatani Oskouei, Mohammad Afzali, Mohammadreza Madadipour, Experimental investigation on mud bricks reinforced with natural additives under compressive and tensile tests, Construction and Building Materials 142 (2017) 137–147.

      [21] ASTM D559-03, Standard Test Methods for Wetting and Drying Compacted Soil Cement Mixtures, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2003.

      [22] New Zealand Standard NZS 4298, Materials and Workmanship for Earth Building, Standard New Zealand, 1998.

      [23] Building with Earth in Scotland; Innovative Design and Sustainability, 2001, Scottish Executive Central Research Unit. The Stationery Office Ltd., UK.




Article ID: 16024
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.12.16024

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.