Fiber Surface Modification; Characterization of Rattan Fiber Reinforced Composite

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Increasing the awareness of global warming and the depletion of petroleum resources had made many researchers focuses on using natural materials such as rattan. Its an edible fibers  are prepared to reinforce matrix yielding composite products within the aid of epoxy based resin  and hardener which also perform  as catalyst. The fibres are previously conducted an alkali treatment, this was considered to enhance the cohessiveness of fibers to matrix. Silane and dimethylethanolamine (DMEA) as an adhesives booster is respectively added to the composite formula. The specific purpose of this research is to know the influence of addition of Silane and  DMEA to the final properties of composite; flexural, tensile strength, elongation at break, hardness, and thermal. From the test results it is found that Silane keeps the matrix amorphous, while the addition of DMEA formed crystalline polymer. The ultimate property of the composites are found also depends on fiber woven pattern.

     


  • Keywords


    Composite, Woven bamboo fiber, Adhesives booster

  • References


      [1] Mathew, et. al, Mechanical properties of biodegradable composites from poly lactic acid (PLA) and microcrystalline cellulose, J. Appl. Polym., Sci; 97, 2014-2025, 2005

      [2] Bo Madsen, Properties of plant fiber yarn polymer composites: an experimental study, BYGDTU R-082, ISSN 1601-2917, ISBN 87-pp.7877-145-5, 2004

      [3]Goutianosa, B. Peijsb, B. Nystromc, M. Skrifvardsd, Textile reinforcements based on aligned flax fibers for structural composites, Project (TEXFLAX), Funded by European Union (Growth Project No: G5ST-CT-2001-50111). http://www.risoe. dk/rispubl/art/2007_245_ paper.pdf, 2007

      [4]H. Bryan, Engineering composite materials, The Institute of Materials, London, 1999

      [5]Ning. Pan, Theoretical determination of the optimal fiber volume fraction and fiber matrix property compatibility of short fiber composites, Polymer Composites 14 (2), pp. 85-93, 1993

      [6] T.Wasik, Effect of fiber volume fraction on fracture mechanics in continuosly reinforced fiber composite materials, Ph.D. Theses, University of South Florida, 2005

      [7] M. Zimniewska, M. Radwanski, Natural fibers yarns suitable for composites, http://www.Eucia.org/Files/Yarns.pdf.

      [8] Spiridon J., Natural Fiber – Polyolefin Composites. Mini-Review, Cellulose Chem. Technology, 48 (7-8), pp.599-612, 2014

      [9] Krishnaparasad et.al., Mechanical and thermal properties of bamboo microfibril reinforced polyhydroxybutyrate biocomposites, J Polym Environ , 17: doi 10.1007/s10924-009-0127-x, pp. 109-1142009

      [10] Han et.al., Bamboo-fiber filled high density polyethylene composites: Effect of coupling treatment and nanoclay, J Polym Environ, doi 10.1007/s10924-008-0094-7, 2008

      [11] Chung, K.F and W.K. Yu, Mechanical properties of structural bamboo for bamboo scaffoldings, Engineering structures, 24: pp.429-442, 2002

      [12] Xing'e Liu, Rui Wang, Genlin Tian, Shumin Yang, Youhong Wang, Zehui Jiang, Tensile Properties of Single Rattan Fibers, Wood and Fiber Science, Vol 46, No 4 (2014)

      [13] Thwe, MM and Liao, Environmental effetcs on bamboo-glass/polypropylene hybrid composites, Journal of materials science letters, 19: pp. 1873-1876, 2003

      [14] https://unhas.ac.id/fahutan/index.php/id/buku-ajar

      [15] FE Firdaus, An Environmental Friendly Material: Epoxide Based Resin from Vegetables Oil for Bio- Fiber Reinfoced Composite, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, vol 11, No 7, pp. 5152-5155, 2016.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 16250
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.7.16250




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.