Developing Legal Framework for E-Court in Judicial Delivery
Keywords:E-Court, electronic records, judicial delivery, legal framework, Malaysian civil court
E-Court function is to manage electronic records in court. E-Court is expected to give such a lot of help for effective judicial delivery in Malaysia. Thus, by this research the implementation of e-Court is going to be explored in order to improve the system at all courts in Malaysia. This research applied qualitative case study methodology and data collection will be conducted at three units of high courts and will interview the stakeholders of the e-Court system. This is a conceptual paper to explore the implementation of e-Court system in Malaysian Judiciary, investigate judicial delivery issues in Malaysia and to propose a legal framework for e-Court in Malaysian civil courts. The study reviews literature on e-Court system and surveys from Malaysia and others countries. Studies related to this topic were analyzed and discussed throughout the paper in the context of implementation process, the judicial delivery issues and the future legal framework to be proposed.
 Abdul Halim, N., Ginsim, S., & Baharuddin, S. K. Case Studies: Admissibility of Digital Records as Evidence in Malaysia, (Amendment 2012). 2015; 1â€“12.
 Afshar, M., & Ahmad, K. A new hybrid model for electronic record management. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology. 2015; 81(3), 489â€“495.
 Leyh, C. Critical Success Factors for ERP Projects in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises-The Perspective of Selected ERP System Vendors, 7â€“23. 2016; http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27043-2
 Bahjat, E., Milind S., Sandeep G., ICT Adoption Among Countries; 2012
 Zaki Tun Azmi. The Malaysian Judiciary: Court Backlog and Delay Reduction Program; 2012
 European Center for Science Education and Research. Recent Ideas and Research in Social Sciences Events Actually; 2016
 Hassan, K. H., Yusoff, S. S. A., Mokhtar, M. F., & Khalid, K. A. T. The use of technology in the transformation of business dispute resolution. European Journal of Law and Economic, 2012; 1â€“13. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10657-012-9375-
 Norman, Z, T. Chow & Kamal H. H. Integrating Early Neutral Evaluation into Mediation of Complex Civil Cases in Malaysia. Journal of Politics and Law, 2014; 7(4), 138â€“148. http://doi.org/10.5539/jpl.v7n4p138
 Saman, W. S., & Haider, A. E-Shariah: Information and Communication Technologies for Shariah Court Management. Legal Information Management. 2013; 13(2), 94â€“106
 The Star Online 121 341 Civil Cases Backlogged in Courts; 2017
 Borneo Post Online. Sultan Sharafuddin : Protect integrity, independence of judiciary Freedom fares Fly to ASEAN. 2017; pp. 1â€“5.â€“36.
 Koshy, S. Zaki launches e-court system. The Star newspaper, 2 September. 2009
 Ataullah, A. A framework for records management in relational database systems, thesis, University of Waterloo, Ontario Canada. 2008
 Information Age ,â€œCourt is in session. 2006
 Johare, Rusnah, Nurussobah Hussin and Adnan Jamaludin, Management of Electronic Court Records: An Example from the TEAM Malaysia Case Studies, in Proceedings of the InterPARES 3 International Symposium, 4-5 June, Seoul, South Korea (Seoul: Sungkyunkwan University). 2009; 363-392
 Nabombe, P., & Studies, I. An assessment of records management at the courts of law in Zambia : the case of court registriesâ€™ contribution towards access to justice. 2012
 Bunawan, Ap-azli, Haron H. A Model for Preserving the Electronic Records Event History Metadata in Malaysia Government Agencies, (July). http://doi.org/10.1109/CIMSim.2015.30; 2015
 Joint Technology Committee. JTC Resource Bulletin: Using Technology to Improve Pretrial Release Decision-Making; 2016
 Alshibly, H. H. A., Chiong, R., & Bao, Y. Investigating the Critical Success Factors for Implementing Electronic Document Management Systems in Governments : Evidence From Jordan. Article in Information Systems Management Â· August 2016, (October). 2017; http://doi.org/10.1080/10580530.2016.1220213
 Shafie, S. e-Government Initiatives in Malaysia and the Role of the National Archives of Malaysia in Digital Records Management. National Archives of Malaysia, 1â€“15; 2007
 Zakiyy, N., & Hassan, K. H. The Management Process at the Pretrial Stage under Malaysian Rules of Court 2012. 2016; 9571, 28
 Federal Constitution of Malaysia. International Law Books Services; 2006
 Hamzah, A & Bulan, R. An introduction to the Malaysian Legal System. Oxford Fajar: Kuala Lumpur; 2003
 Julian, R., & Kelty, S. F. Forensic science as â€œrisky businessâ€: identifying key risk factors in the forensic process from crime scene to court. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice. 2015; 1(4), 195â€“206. http://doi.org/10.1108/JCRPP-09-2015-0044
 Balakrishnan, K. G. Judiciary in India: Problems and Prospects. 2008; 50(4), 461â€“467.
 Nawroly, S., Rashid, H. H., Saeed, S., & Ali, N. Evaluating e-Court Services Using the Usability Tests Model Case Study: Civil Court Case Management. Kurdistan Journal of Applied Research (KJAR). 2016; 7684 Vol. 1, (1), 76â€“83.
 Shepherd G. & Yeo, Managing Records: A Handbook of Principles and Practice. London: Facet. p.9. 2003.
 The Ohio University Record Lifecycle; 2014.
 Zakiyy, N., & Hassan, K. H. Prospects of Using Early Neutral Evaluation in Case Management of Complex Civil Cases in Malaysia. 2015; 3(1), 9â€“19.
 Hamin, Z., Othman, M. B., & Mohamad, A. M. Benefits and achievements of ICT adoption by the High Courts of Malaysia. SHUSER 2012 - 2012 IEEE Symposium on Humanities, Science and Engineering Research. 2012; 2(100), 1233â€“1238.
 Saman, W. S., & Haider, A. (2012). Electronic Court Records Management: A Case Study. Journal of E-Government Studies and Best Practices, 2012, 1â€“11. http://doi.org/10.5171/2012.925115
 Events Actually; 2017.