Computational Analysis on Flexural Behavior of Precast Aerated Concrete Panel Incorporating Polypropylene Fiber

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Precast system has great advantages in terms of its speed of construction, strength and durability. In this research, Precast Lightweight Aerated Concrete Panel, PACP, incorporating polypropylene fibers were utilized and tested to analyze its structural behavior under flexural load. Finite element analysis (FEA) using LUSAS software was utilized to simulate the PACP models under flexure load adopting nonlinear and transient analysis. The dimension of PACP panel was 200mm thickness, 500mm breadth, 1400 mm length. The FEA results were com-pared to theoretical results in terms of the panel’s ultimate load. Different thicknesses and reinforcement diameters were utilized in the FEM simulations to determine the optimum values for both parameters which confirm the stability of the panel. The outcomes demonstrated that 300 mm thickness is the optimum thickness while 12 mm diameter was the optimum size of reinforcement in the PACP panel.



  • Keywords

    component; Precast Aerated Concrete Panel, LUSAS, FEM, Flexural Load, Polypropylene

  • References

      [1] Kunhanandan E.K.N and Ramamurthy K, “Influenc of filler type on foam concrete", Cement and concrete composite, Vol. 28, No 5, 2006, pp. 475-480.

      [2] Newman .J and Owens. P, “Properties of Lightweight Concrete, Advanced Concrete Technology”, Oxford, 2003,pp. 2– 27.

      [3] Narayanan, N and Ramamurthy, K. “Structure and properties of aerated concrete,A review”, Cement and Concrete Composites”, Vol. 22, No 5, 2000, 321–329.

      [4] Goh W I, Mohamad N et al., “Experimental Study for Structural Behaviour of Precast Lightweight Panel (PLP) Under Flexural Load”. The 2nd International Conference on Civil Engineering and Materials Science.op, 2017.

      [5] British Cement Association, “Foamed Concrete Composition and Properties”, British Cement Association 1994.

      [6] Mohamad N., Goh W. I., Abdullah R., et. al., “Structural Performance Of Fcs Wall Subjected To Axial Load”, Journal Of Construction Building And Material, Elsevier , Vol. 3, 2017, pp. 185-198.

      [7] Goh W I, Mohamad N, Abdullah R and Samad A A A “Compression test and finite element analysis of foamed concrete cube”, Journal of Engineering and Technology, 5(1) 2014, 1-9.

      [8] Tharkele M K H. “Experimental study on foam concrete “International Journal of Civil, Structural”, Environmental and Infrastructure Engineering Research and DevelopmentVol. 4, No 1, 2014, pp. 145–158.

      [9] Chen B, Wu Z and Liu N. “Experimental research on properties of high strength foamed concrete”, J. Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 24, 2014, pp.113-118.

      [10] Lakhiar M T., Sohu S., Bhatti, I.A., et al., “Flexural Performance of Concrete Reinforced by Plastic Fibers”, Engineering Technlogy & Applied Science research,Vol. 8(3) 2018, 3041-3043.

      [11] Ramamurthy K., Kunhanandan N., and Indu G A., “Classification of studies on properties of foamed concrete”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 31, 2006, pp. 388-396.

      [12] Narayanan N., and Ramamurthy K., “Structure and properties of aerated concrete: A review”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 22, 2000, pp. 321-329 .

      [13] Aldrigde D., Introduction to foamed concrete: What, why, how? Used of foamed concrete in construction, Thomas Telford, Scotland, United Kingdom, (2005).

      [14] Zakaria M L., Bahan dan binaan, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, (1978).

      [15] Aghaee K. and Yazdi M A., “Waste steel wires modified structural lightweight concrete”, MaterialsResearch, Vol. 17, No 4, 2014,pp. 958-966 .

      [16] Ahmad O A. and Awwad M., “The effects of polypropylene fibers additions on compressive and tensile strengths of concrete”, Int. J. of Civil and Environmental Engineering,Vol. 37, No 1, 2015, pp. 1365-1372.

      [17] A. Neville and J. Brooks, Concrete technology. England: Prentice Hall, England, (2001).

      [18] Lakhiar M T., Mohamad N, Shaikh M A., et al., “Efffect of River Indus Sand on Concrete Tensile Strength”, Engineering Technlogy & Applied Science research,Vol. 8, No. 2, 2018, pp. 2796-2798.

      [19] British Cement Association, “Foamed Concrete Composition and Properties”, British Cement Association 1994.

      [20] Kim. Y, Jiong. H, Jae. L, and Heeyou. B, “Mechanical Properties of Fiber Reinforced Lightweight Concrete Containing Surfactant”, Advances in Civil Engineering,Vol. 10, 2010, pp. 1-9.

      [21] Hamad. A. J., “Materials, production, properties and application of aerated lightweight concrete: review”, International Journal of Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 2, No 2, 2014, pp. 152–157.

      [22]Madhavi. T., Raju, L. and Mathur, D.,“Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced Concrete-A Review”.International Journal of Emerging Technology,Vol. 4, No 4, 2014, pp. 114–119.




Article ID: 16776
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.4.16776

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.