The Potential Impacts of Anthropogenic and Climate Changes Factors on Surface Water Ecosystem Deterioration at Kenyir Lake, Malaysia

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Water ecosystem deterioration can be affected by various factors of either natural environment or physical changes in the river basin.. Data observation were made during dry season (April 2017) and wet season (December 2017). 21 sampling stations were selected along Kenyir Lake Basin. Overall, the water quality status as stated in NWQS is categorized as Class I on dry season and Class II on wet season. The major pollutants in Kenyir Lake are Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Dissolve Oxygen and pH which are contributed largely by untreated or partially treated sewage from tourism development and construction activities around the basin. The sedimentation problem level in the Kenyir Lake Basin is not in critically stage but the flow rate of water and land use activities (development around basin) will be contributed to the increasing levels of sedimentation. The good site management such as the implementation of proper site practice measures to control and treat run-off prior to discharge will ensure that the construction works will not affect the quality and quantity of the receiving waters or have significant impact upon the receiving waters.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Kenyir Lake Basin; Water Ecosystem Deterioration; Wet season; Dry season; National Water Quality Standard (NWQS).

  • References


      [1] Shuhaimi, O., M., Lim, E C., & Mushrifah, I. (2007). Water quality changes in Chini Lake, Pahang, and West Malaysia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 131(1-3): 279-292.

      [2] Rashid, S A A., Gasim, M B., Toriman, M E., Juahir, H., Kamarudin, M K A., Azid, A., & Aziz, N A A. (2013). Water quality deterioration of Jinjang River, Kuala Lumpur: Urban risk case water pollution. The Arab World Geographer 16(4), 349-362.

      [3] Nalado, A M., Kamarudin, M K A., Wahab, N A., Rosli, M H. & Saudi, A. S M. (2017). Assessment of Individual Water Quality Index Parameter in Terengganu River, Malaysia. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences 9(2S), 430-442.

      [4] Ren, W., Zhong, Y., Meligrana, J., Anderson, B., Watt, W E., Chen, J., & Leung, H. L. (2003). Urbanization, land use, and water quality in Shanghai: 1947–1996. Environment international 29(5), 649-659

      [5] Jaji, M O., Bamgbose, O., Odukoya, O O., & Arowolo, T A. (2007). Water quality assessment of Ogun River, south west Nigeria. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 133(1-3), 473-482.

      [6] Rwoo, M A., Juahir, H., Roslan, N M., Endut, A., Kamarudin, M. K A., & Amran, M A. (2017). Assessment of Drinking Water Quality Using Principal Component Analysis And Partial Least Square Discriminant Analysis: A Case Study At Water Treatment Plants, Selangor. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences 9(2S): 157-173.

      [7] Alison, J. Reading. (1995). Humid Tropical Environmental. USA: Blackwell Publishers Ltd Cambrige Massachusetts USA.

      [8] Arini, D. I. D. (2005). Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Geografis (Sig) dan Penginderaan Jauh Untuk Model Hidrologi Answers Dalam Memprediksi Erosi dan Sedimentasi.(Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Bogor Agricultural University.

      [9] Toriman, M E., Kamarudin, M K A., Idris, M H., Gasim, M B., & Jamil, N. R. (2008). Masalah Sedimentasi dan Penyelesaiannya Melalui Kaedah Pengurusan Persekitaran: Satu Kajian Kes di Sungai Chini, Pahang. E-bangi: Jurnal Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan 3(3), 14.

      [10] Toriman, M E., Kamarudin, M K A., Aziz, N A A., Din, H M., Ata, F M., Abdullah, N M., & Abdullah, N W. (2012). Pengurusan Sedimen Terhadap Sumber Air Bersepadu: Satu Kajian Kes di Sungai Chini, Pekan Pahang. Ebangi. Jurnal Sains Sosial Dan Kemanusiaan 7(1), 267-283.

      [11] Gasim, M B., Toriman, M E., Idris, M., Lun, P I., Kamarudin, M K A., Azlina, A N., & Mastura, S A. (2013). River Flow Conditions and Dynamic State Analysis of Pahang River. American Journal of Applied Sciences 10(1), 4257.

      [12] Nasirian, M. (2007). A new water quality index for environmental contamination contributed by mineral processing: a case study of Amang (Tin Tailing) processing activity. Journal of applied sciences 7(20), 2977-2987.

      [13] Dasar, K. N., Ahmad, A., Mushrifah, I., & Shuhaimi. O. (2009). Water quality and heavy metal concentrations in sediment of Sungai Kelantan, Kelantan, Malaysia: a baseline study. Sains Malaysiana 38(4), 435-442.

      [14] Juahir, H. (2009). Water quality data analysis and modeling of the Langat River basin (Doctoral dissertation, University of Malaya).

      [15] Zainudin, Z. (2010). Benchmarking river water quality in Malaysia. Jurutera, 12-15.

      [16] Juahir, H., Zain, S M., Yusoff, M K., Hanidza, T T., Armi, A M., Toriman, M E., & Mokhtar, M. (2011). Spatial water quality assessment of Langat River Basin (Malaysia) using Environmetric techniques. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 173(1-4), 625-641.

      [17] Land Use Distribution at Kenyir Lake Basin, Hulu Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia: Rancangan Eksekutif, Rancangan Kawasan Khas (RKK), Tasik Kenyir from 2008 until 2020.

      [18] Jabatan Meteorologi Malaysia, Malaysian Meteorological Department (MMD), (2015-2016). Taburan Hujan Berdasarkan Bahagian Kawasan di Malaysia Bagi Januari hingga Disember 2016.

      [19] Miller, D G., Brayton, S V., & Boyles, W T. (2001). Chemical oxygen demand analysis of wastewater using trivalent manganese oxidant with chloride removal by sodium bismuthate pretreatment. Water Environment Research 73(1), 63-71.

      [20] Toriman, M E., Mokhtar, M., Gasim, M B., Abdullah, S M S., Jaafar, O., & Aziz, N A A. (2009). Water resources study and modeling at North Kedah: A case of Kubang Pasu and Padang Terap water supply schemes. Research journal of earth sciences 1(2), 35-42.

      [21] Al-Badaii, F., Shuhaimi-Othman, M., & Gasim, M. B. (2013). Water quality assessment of the Semenyih River, Selangor, Malaysia. Journal of chemistry, 2013.

      [22] Kamarudin, M K A., Toriman, M E, Syed Abdullah, S M, Idris, M., Jamil, N R., & Gasim, M B. (2009). Temporal Variability on Lowland River Sediment Properties and Yield. American Journal of Environmental Sciences 5(5), 657-663.

      [23] Wahab, N A., Kamarudin, M K A., Gasim, M B., Umar, R., Ata, F. M., & Sulaiman, N H. (2016). Assessment of Total Suspended Sediment and Bed Sediment Grains in Upstream Areas of Lata Berangin, Terengganu. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology 6(5), 757-763.

      [24] Kamarudin, M K A., Toriman, M E., Idris, M., Juahir, H., Azid, A., Gasim, M B., Umar, R., Endut, A., Mokhtar, M., Khalit, S. I., Ismail, A., Yaakob, N H M., Rwoo, M A. (2016). Environmental Management on Natural Lake Using Sediment and Hydrology Hydraulic Models. Malaysian Journal of Applied Sciences 1(2), 9-26.

      [25] Wahab, N A, Kamarudin, M K A., Anuar, A., Ata, F M, Sulaiman, N H., Baharim, N B., Harun, N S., Muhammad, N. A. (2017). Assessments of Lake Profiling on Temperature, Total Suspended Solid (TSS) and Turbidity in the Kenyir Lake, Terengganu, Malaysia. Journal Fundamental Appllied of Science 9(2S), 256-278.

      [26] Wahab, N A., Kamarudin, M K A., Toriman, M E., Juahir, H., Gasim, M B., Rizman, Z I., & Damayanti, P P. (2018). Climate changes impacts towards sedimentation rate at Terengganu River, Terengganu, Malaysia. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences 10(1S), 33-51.

      [27] Ismail, W R., & Rahaman, Z A. (1994). The Impact of Quarrying Activity on Suspended Sediment Concentration and Sediment Load of Sungai Relau, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Tropical Geography 25(1), 45-57.

      [28] Toriman, M E. (2005). Hydrometeorological Conditions and Sediment Yield in the Upstream Reach of Sungai Bebar, Pekan Forest Reserve, Pahang. PSF Technical Series (4), 41-46.

      [29] Kamarudin, M K A., Toriman, M E., Sulaiman, N H., Ata, F M., Gasim, M B., Muhamad, A., & Aziz, N A A. (2015). Klasifikasi Sungai Tropika Menggunakan Teknik Kemometrik: Kajian Kes di Sungai Pahang, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences 19(5), 1001-1018.

      [30] Kamarudin, M K A., Toriman, M E., Wahab, N A., Rosli, H., Ata, F M., & Faudzi, M N M. (2017). Sedimentation Study on Upstream Reach of Selected Rivers in Pahang River Basin, Malaysia. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology 7(1), 35-41.

      [31] Azid, A., Juahir, H., Toriman, M. E., Endut, A., Rahman, A., Nordin, M., & Umar, R. (2015). Identification source of variation on regional impact of air quality pattern using chemometric. Aerosol and Air Quality Research.

      [32] Gazzaz, N M., Yusoff, M K., Aris, A Z., Juahir, H., & Ramli, M F. (2012). Artificial neural network modeling of the water quality index for Kinta River (Malaysia) using water quality variables as predictors. Marine Pollution Bulletin 64(11), 2409-2420.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 16864
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.14.16864




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.