The Evaluation of Brunei Bay Sediment Cores Sedimentation Rate Using 210Pb Radiometric Dating Technique

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    The use of radioisotopes 210Pb and 226Ra in establishing the geochronology of pollutants in the sediment core and sediment dating is being widely used in the world. The present study was conducted in Brunei Bay region of Malaysian waters to define the sedimentation rate and sediment age as well as to investigate the possible sources of pollutants into this bay. Sediment core samples were cut by layers, dried and analyzed using High Purity Germanium (HPGe) Spectrometer. Results obtained marked the time interval of 1875, 1956, 1962 and 1945 for sediment core B5, B9, B13 and LB consecutively. Sediment core of B9 and LB showed higher sedimentation rate compared to B5 and B13 due to the rapid development of urban and industrial. The increasing of sedimentation rate over the last 25 years was in line with the increasing of human activities surround the bay. Additionally, the health and distribution of mangroves surround Brunei Bay were important to determine the sediment movement which will affect the sedimentation rate in the bay. Overall, by controlling human activities as well as sustaining the mangroves population, could maintain and preserve the natural and unique environment of Brunei Bay.



  • Keywords

    Brunei Bay, Borneo; radioisotope 210Pb, radioisotope 226Radium; sediment dating; sedimentation rate.

  • References

      [1] Panayotou K (2002). Coastal Management and Climate Change: an Australian Perspective. Proceedings of Coast To Coast, p 342

      [2] Karageorgis AP, Anagnostou CL & Kaberi H (2005). Geochemistry and minerology of the NW Aegean Sea surface sediments: implications for river runoff and anthropogenic impact. Applied Geochemistry 20, 69e88.

      [3] Bayhan E, Ergin M, Temel A & Keskin S (2001). Sedimentology and mineralogy of surfical bottom deposits from the Aegean-Çanakkale-Marmara transition (Eastern Mediterranean): effect of marine and terrestrial factors. Marine Geology 175, 297e315.

      [4] Karageorgis AP & Anagnostou CL (2001). Particulate matter spatial-temporal distribution and associated surface sediment properties: Thermaikos Gulf and Sporades Basin, NW Aegean Sea. Continental Shelf Research 21, 2141e2153.

      [5] Pehlivanoglou K, Tsirambides A & Trontsios G (2000). Origin and distribution of Clay Minerals in the Alexandroupolis Gulf, Aegean Sea, Greece. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 51, 61e73.

      [6] Berner RA (1980). Early Diagenesis: a theoretical approach. . Princeton University Press. Princeton. 214 pp.

      [7] Farmer JG (1994). Environmental change and the chemical record in Loch Lomond sediments Hydrobiologica 290, 39

      [8] Zuo Z, Eisma D, Gieles R & Beks, J (1997). Accumulation rates and sediment deposition in the Northwestern Mediterranean. Deep-Sea Research II 44, 597e609.

      [9] Krishnaswami S (1981). Geochronology of estuarine sediments. In River Inputs to Ocean System. Proceeding of a Review Workshop Held at FAO headquarters, Rome, Italy 26-30 March 1979

      [10] Ribeiro Gvara SR, Rizzo A, Sanchez R & Arribere M (2003). 210Pb fluxes in sediment layers sampled from Northern Patagonia lakes. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 258 (3), 583e595.

      [11] Oldfield F & Appleby PG (1984). A combined radiometric and mineral magnetic approach to recent geochronology in lakes affected by catchment disturbance and sediment redistribution. Chem. Geol. 44, 67e83.

      [12] Oldfield F, Appleby PG & Thompson R (1980). Paleoecological studies of lakes in the highlands of Papua New Guinea. J. Ecol. 68, 457e477.

      [13] Zaborska A, Carroll J, Papucci C & Pempkowiak J (2007). Intercomparison of alpha and gamma spectrometry techniques used in 210Pb geochronology J Environ Radioact 93:38

      [14] Kanai Y (2000). A study on lead-210 dating, Chikyukagaku (Geochemistry) 34:23 (in Japanese, with English Abstr.)

      [15] Shukla BS (2002) Sedimentation rate through environmental radioactivity (Models application). Environmental Research and Publication Inc, Hamilton ON (Canada); 69.

      [16] Qi S, Leipe T, Rueckert P, Di Z & Harff J (2010). Geochemical sources, deposition and enrichment of heavy metals in short sediment cores from the Pearl River Estuary. Southern China Journal of Marine Systems 82, S28eS42.

      [17] Richard P G & Andrew J P (2007). An excess 226Ra chronology for deep-sea sediments from Saanich Inlet, British Columbia Chemical Geology 244 (2007) 646–663

      [18] Eikenberg J, Vezzu G, Zumsteg I, Bajo S, Ruethi M & Wyssling G (2001). Precise two chronometer dating of Pleistocene travertine: the Th-230/U-234 and Ra-226(ex)/Ra-226(0) approach. Quaternary Science Reviews 20 (18), 1935–1953.

      [19] Van BP & Reyss JL (2001). 226Ra in marine barite: new constraints on supported 226Ra. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 187 (1–2), 147–161.

      [20] Murray A, Wohl E & East J (1992). Thermoluminescence and excess Ra-226 decay dating of Late Quaternary fluvial sands, East Alligator River, Australia. Quaternary Research 37 (1), 29–41.

      [21] Sturchio NC (1990). Radium isotopes, alkaline earth diagenesis and age determination of travertine from Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming, U.S.A. Appl. Geochem. 5 631–640.

      [22] Latham AG, Schwarcz HP & Ford DC (1986). The paleomagnetism and U–Th dating of Mexican stalagmite, DAS2. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 79 (1–2), 195–207.

      [23] Koide M, Soutar A & Goldberg ED (1972). Marine geochronology with Pb-210. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 14, 442-446

      [24] Fairclough A, Plater AJ & Appleby P (2006). Determination of Holocene sedimentation rates from a carbonate lake using excess Ra-226 profiles. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 243 (1–2), 115–127.

      [25] Sanchez-Cabeza JA & Ruiz-Fernandez AC (2012). 210Pb sediment radiochronology: an integrated formulation and classification of dating models. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 82, 183e200.

      [26] Mizugaki S, Nakamura F & Araya T (2006). Using dendrogeomorphology and 137Cs and 210Pb radiochronology to estimate recent changes in sedimentation rates in Kushiro Mire, Northern Japan, resulting from land use change and river channelization. Catena 68:25

      [27] Huh C & Su C (1999). Sedimentation dynamics in the East China Sea elucidated from 210Pb, 137Cs and 239, 240Pu Mar Geol 160:183

      [28] Ivanovich M & Harmon RS (1992). Uranium-series Disequilibrium: Applications to Earth, Marine, and Environmental Sciences, second ed. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 82-83.

      [29] Demaster DJ (1985). Rates of sediment reworking at the Hebble site based on measurement of 234Th, 137Cs and 210Pb. Mar. Geol. 66, 133e148.

      [30] Goldberg ED, Gamble E, Griffin JJ & Koide M (1977). Pollution history of Narragansett Bay as recorded in its sediments. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 5, 549e561.

      [31] Robbins JA & Edgington DN (1975). Determination of recent sedimentation rates in Lake Michigan using Pb-210 and Cs-137. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 39, 285e304.

      [32] Goldberg ED (1963). Geochronology with 210Pb. In: Radioactive Dating. Proceedings of a Symposium. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, pp. 21e131.

      [33] Krishmaswami S, Lai D, Martin JM & Meybeck M (1971). Geochronology of lake sediments Earth Planet Sci Lett 11:407

      [34] Morgenstern U, Geyh MA, Kudrass HR, Ditchburn RG & Graham IJ (2001). Si dating of marine sediments from Bangladesh. Radiocarbon 43 (28), 909e916.

      [35] Vongunten, HR., Sturm M & Moser RN (1997). 200-year record of metals in lake sediments and natural background concentrations. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31, 2193e2197.

      [36] Yang WF, Chen M, Li GX, Cao JP, Guo ZG, Ma Q, Liu J & Yang JH (2009). Relocation of the Yellow River as revealed by sedimentary isotopic and elemental signals in the East China Sea. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 58, 923e927.

      [37] Dai JC, Song JM, Li XG, Yuan HM, Li N & Zheng GX (2007). Environmental changes reflected by sedimentary geochemistry in recent hundred years of Jiaozhou Bay, North China. Environ. Pollut. 145 (3), 656e667.

      [38] Li DM, Xu MQ, Liu GS & Li C (2007). Distribution of radioisotopes in sediment cores from nearshore off Xinghua Bay mouth, Fujian, China. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 273 (1), 151e155

      [39] Li FY (1993). Modern sedimentation rates and sedimentation feature in the Huanghe River estuary based on 210Pb technique. Chin. J. Oceanol. Limnol. 11, 333e342.

      [40] Ayçik GA, Çetaku D, Erten HN & Salihoglu I (2004). Dating of Black sea sediments from Romanian coast using natural 210Pb and fallout 137Cs. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 259 (1), 177e180.

      [41] Kato Y, Kitazato H, Shimanaga M, Nakatsuka T, Shirayama Y & Masuzawa T (2003). 210Pb and 137Cs in sediments from Sagami Bay, Japan: sedimentation rates and inventories. Prog. Ocean. 57, 77e95.

      [42] Ruiz-Fernandez AC, Hillaire-Marcel C, Ghaleb B, Soto-Jim enez M & Paez- Osuna F (2002). Recent sedimentary history of anthropogenic impacts on the Culiacan River Estuary, northwestern Mexico: geochemical evidence from organic matter and nutrients. Environ. Pollut. 118 (3), 365e377.

      [43] Fuller CC, Geen AV, Baskaran M & Anima R (1999). Sediment chronology in San Francisco Bay, California, defined by 210Pb, 234Th, 137Cs, and 239, 240Pu. Mar. Chem. 64, 7e27.

      [44] Godoy JM, Moreira I, Wanderley C, Simoes Filho FF & Mozeto AA (1998). An ~ alternative method for the determination of excess 210Pb in sediments. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 1e4, 111e115.

      [45] Sanchez-Cabeza JA, Masque P & Ani-Ragolta I (1998). 210Pb and 210Po analysis in sediments and soils by microwave acid digestion. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 227, 19e22.

      [46] Vajda N, LaRosa J, Zeisler R, Danesi P & Kis-Benedek G (1997). A novel technique for the simultaneous determination of 210Pb and 210Po using a crown ether. J. Environ. Radioact. 37 (3), 355e372.

      [47] Adiana G, Juahir H, Joseph B & Shazili NAM (2017), Tracing the sources of lead (Pb) in Brunei Bay, Borneo by using integrated spectrometry ICP-MS and chemometrics techniques, Marine Pollution Bulletin 123, 232-240.

      [48] Adiana G, Shazili NAM, Joseph B & Hasrizal S (2016). The spatial distribution of Al, Fe, Cu, Cd and Pb in the surface sediment of Brunei Bay, Borneo during the Southwest and Northeast Monsoons Journal of Sustainability Science and Management Special Issue: The International Seminar on The Straits of Malacca and The South China Sea Volume 11 Number 2, 2016: 94-107

      [49] Vivianne LBS, Kélia RGR, Eryka HP, Roberto TM, Vanessa LL, Clovis AH, Mayara GO Almeida & Rízia KN (2012). Sedimentation Rate and 210Pb Sediment Dating at Apipucos Reservoir, Recife, Brazil Sustainability 2012, 4, 2419-2429; doi:10.3390/su4102419

      [50] Bidai J, Adiana G & Shazili NAM (2016), Particle sizes effect of the elements in the South China Sea sediment off Pahang coastal during the Northeast monsoon (pre-) and the Southwest monsoon (post-) periods, Environmental Earth Sciences 75(7), 614.

      [51] Ong MC, Joseph B, Shazili NAM, Ghazali A & Mohamad MN (2015), Heavy metals concentration in surficial sediments of Bidong Island, South China Sea off the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Asian Journal of Earth Sciences 8(3), 74.

      [52] Zal UWM & Yii MW (2012). Marine radioactivity concentration in the Exclusive Economic Zone of Peninsular Malaysia: 226Ra, 228Ra and 228Ra/226Ra. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 292:183

      [53] Yii MW, Zal UWM, Zaharudin A, Nurrul AMJ & Kamaruzaman I (2011). NORM activity concentration in sediment cores from the Peninsular Malaysia East Coast Exclusive Economic Zone J Radioanal Nucl Chem 289:653

      [54] Yang YX, Wu XM, Jiang ZY, Wang WX, Lu JG, Lin J, Wang LM & Hsia YF (2005). Radioactivity concentrations in soils of the Xiazhuang granite area, China. Appl Radiat Isot 63:255

      [55] Appleby PG & Oldfield F (1978). The calculation of 210Pb dates assuming a constant rate of supply of unsupported 210Pb to the sediment. Catena 5, 1–8

      [56] Zhou P, Li D, Li H, Fang H, Huang C, Zhang Y, Zhang H, Zhao L, Zhou J, Wang H & Yang J (2015). Distribution of radionuclides in a marine sediment core off the waterspout of the nuclear power plants in Daya Bay, northeastern South China Sea Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 145 102e112

      [57] Soraya M, Patchineelam SM, Kjerfve B & Gardner LR (1999) A preliminary sediment budget for the Winyah Bay estuary, South Carolina, USA Mar Geol 162:133

      [58] Benoit G & Hemond HF (1990). Po-210 and Pb-210 remobilization from lake sediments in relation to iron and manganese cycling. Environ. Sci. Technol. 24, 1224-1234.

      [59] Zal UWM, Che ARM, Zaharudin A & Abdul KI (2011). Vertical distribution of 210Pb and 226Ra and their activity ratio in marine sediment core of the East Malaysia coastal waters J Radioanal Nucl Chem 287:255

      [60] Jones BF & Bowser CJ (1978). The mineralogy and related chemistry of Lake sediments. In: Lerman A (ed) Lakes. Chemistry, Geology and Physics. Springer Verlag, New York, pp 179–235

      [61] Owen RB & Lee R (2004). Human impacts on organic matter sedimentation in a proximal shelf setting, Hong Kong. Cont Shelf Res 24:583

      [62] Heimann DC & Roell MJ (2000) Sediments loads and accumulation in a small Riparian Wetland system in Northern Missouri, The Society of Wetlands Scientist 20(2):219

      [63] Duman M, Avcı M, Duman S, Demirkurt E & Düzbastılar MK (2004). Surfical sediment distribution and net sediment transport pattern in Izmir Bay, western _ Turkey. Continental Shelf Research 24, 965e981.

      [64] Poulos SE, Chronis MB & Lykousis V (2000). Thermaikos Gulf Coastal System, NW Aegean Sea: an overview of water / sediment fluxes in relation to air-landocean interactions and human activities. Journal of Marine Systems 25, 47e76.

      [65] Roberts KA, Cochran JK & Barnes C (1997). 210Pb and 239,240Pu in the Northeast water Polynya, Greenland: particle Dynamics and sediment mixing rates. Journal of Marine Systems 10, 401e413.

      [66] Gelen A, Soto J, Gómez J & Díaz O (2004). Sediment dating of Santander bay, Spain. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 261 (2), 437e441.

      [67] Tateda Y, Carvalho FP, Fowler SW & Miquel JC (2003). Fractation of 210Po and 210Pb in coastal waters of the NW Mediterranean continental Margin. Continental Shelf Research 23, 295e316.

      [68] Bralower TJ & Thierstein HR (1987). Organic carbon and metal accumulation in Holocene and mid-Cretaceous marine sediments: Paleoceanographic significance. In: Brooks, J., Fleet, A.J. (Eds.), Marine petroleum source rocks. Special volume 26. BP Research Center, pp. 345–369.

      [69] Schulte S, Mangelsdorf K & Rullkott J (2000). Organic matter preservation on the Pakistan contiental margin as revealed by biomarker geochemistry. Org. Geochem. 31, 1005–1022.

      [70] Rullkotter JZ (1999). Organic matter: the driving force for early diagenesis. In: Schulz, H.D., Zabel, M. (Eds.), Marine geochemistry. Universität Bremen, pp. 129–172.

      [71] Tyson RV (1995). Sedimentary organic matter: organic facies and palynofacies. Fossil Fuels and Environmental Geochemistry (Postgraduate Institute), University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, p. 119.

      [72] Littke R, Baker DR, Leythaeuser D & Rullkötter J (1991). Keys to the depositional history of the Posidonia Shale (Toarcian) in the Hils syncline, northern Germany. In: Tyson, R.V., Pearson, T.H. (Eds.), Modern and ancient continental shelf anoxia. Special volume 58. University of Newcastle upon Tyne UK, pp. 311–334.

      [73] Canfield DE (1989). Sulfate reduction and oxic respiration in marine sediments: implications for organic carbon preservation in euxinic environments. Deep Sea Res. A Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 36, 121–138.

      [74] Stein R (1986). Organic carbon and sedimentation rate – further evidence for anoxic deepwater conditions in the Cenomanian/Turonian Atlantic Ocean. Mar. Geol. 72, 199–209.

      [75] Heath GR, Moore TC & Dauphin JP (1977). Organic carbon in deep sea sediments. In: Anderson, N.R., Malahoff, A. (Eds.), The fate of fossil fuel CO2 in the oceans. 6. Office of Naval Research, Ocean Science and Technology Division, United States, Marine Sicence, pp. 605–625.

      [76] Stein R (1990). Organic carbon content/sedimentation rate relationship and its paleoenvironmental significance for marine sediments. Geo-Mar. Lett. 10, 37–44.

      [77] Arndt S, Jorgensen BB, LaRowe DE, Middelburg JJ, Pancost RD & Regnier P (2013). Quantifying the degradation of organic matter in marine sediments: A review and synthesis. Earth Sci. Rev. 123, 53–86.

      [78] Van BEC, Reichart GJS & Sinninghe DJS (2012). Organic matter provenance, palaeoproductivity and bottom water anoxia during the Cenomanian/Turonian oceanic anoxic event in the Newfoundland Basin (northern proto North Atlantic Ocean). Org. Geochem. 50, 11–18.

      [79] Hao F, Zhou X, Zhu Y & Yang Y (2011). Lacustrine source rock deposition in response to co evolution of environments and organisms controlled by tectonic subsidence andclimate, Bohai Bay basin, China. Org. Geochem. 42, 323–339.

      [80] Mazzinia A, Ivanov MK, Nermoen A, Bahr A, Bohrmann G, Svensen H & Planke S (2008). Complex plumbing systems in the near subsurface: Geometries of authigenic carbonates from Dolgovskoy Mound (Black Sea) constrained by analogue experiments. Mar. Pet. Geol. 25, 457–472.

      [81] Ismail A, Toriman ME, Juahir H, Zain SM, Habir NLA,Retnam A & Azid A (2016) Spatial assessment and source identification of heavy metals pollution in surface water using several chemometric techniques. Marine Pollution Bulletin 106(1), 292-300.

      [82] Kamarudin MKA, Toriman ME, Rosli MH, Juahir H, Aziz NAA, Azid A & Sulaiman WNA (2015) Analysis if meaner evolution studeis on effet from land use and climate change upstream reach of the Pahang River, Malaysia. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 20(8), 1319-1334.

      [83] Juahir H, Zain SM, Yusoff MK, Tengku Hanidza TI, Mohd Armi AS, Toriman ME & Mokhtar M (2011) Spatial water quality assessment of Langat River Basin (Malaysia) using environmetric techniques. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 173(1-4), 625-641.

      [84] Juahir H, Zain SM, Toriman ME, Mokhtar M & Che Man H (2004). Application of artificial neural network models for predicting water quality index. Malaysian Journal of Civil Engineering 16(2), 42-55.

      [85] Benoit G & Hemond HF (1991). Evidence for diffusive redistribution of 210Pb in lake sediments Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta 55:1963




Article ID: 16870
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.14.16870

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.