Indoor Fungal Growth on Variable Antifungal at Different Wall Finishing on Plasterboard

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Various health complaints often been attributed to pollution and the poor quality of the indoor air. If there is good practice in building design, construction, and maintenance, the structures should remain dry. However, when there is moisture damage, the materials may be in contact with water for prolonged times, which inevitably leads to microbial growth or even total deterioration of the building material. Antimicrobial coating is designed to generate a surface that is easy to clean and can also incorporate active agents, commonly called antifungal, that prevent microbial colonization, the subsequent growth and bio-deterioration of the substrate. This paper presents the sustainable treatment for indoor environment quality in buildings by examining the application of potassium sorbate, zinc salicylate, and calcium benzoate that used as food industry preservatives as indoor antimicrobial agents. Four types of wall finishing used on plasterboard substrate: acrylic paint, glycerol based-paint, thin wallpaper, and thick wallpaper. The result indicated that potassium sorbate is the best bio compound to react as antifungal agent to prohibit the growth of indoor fungi. All the antifungal shows difference level of their effectiveness from each other. Only 40% of fungi were able to grow on thin wallpaper by using potassium sorbate as antifungal agent.



  • Keywords

    Use Antifungal, indoor air contamination, indoor air quality, plasterboard, wall finishing.

  • References

      [1] Er C.M., Sunar N.M., Leman A.M., Othman N., Gani P., Jamal N.A., Emparan Q., Parjo U.K. (2015). In Vitro Inhibitory Assay of an Isolated Indoor Airborne Fungus from an Institutional Building of Computer Education by Using Potassium Sorbate. Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols 773-774, pp 1091-1095.

      [2] Er C.M., Sunar N.M., Leman A.M., Othman N., Emparan Q., Parjo U.K., Gani P., Jamal N.A., Ideris N.A (2015). The Evaluation of Indoor Microbial Air Quality in Two New Commissioning Higher Educational Buildings in Johor, Malaysia. Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols. 773-774, pp 1068-1072.

      [3] Chin Ming Er, N.M. Sunar, A.M. Leman, N. Othman (2015). Direct growth inhibition assay of total airborne fungi with application of biocide-treated malt extract agar. MethodsX 2, 340–344.

      [4] Stafford, T. M. (2015). Indoor air quality and academic performance. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 70, 34-50.

      [5] Mentesea, S., Nihal A. Miricib, Muserref T. Otkunc, Coskun Bakard, Elif Palaza, Deniz Tasdibia, Sibel Cevizcid, Osman Cotuker. (2015). Association between respiratory health and indoor air pollution exposure in Canakkale, Turkey. Building and Environment (2015), 72-83.

      [6] Jo, W. J., and Sohn, J. Y. (2009). The effect of environmental and structural factors on indoor air quality of apartments in Korea. Building and Environment, 44(9), 1794-1802.

      [7] Parjo, U.K., N. M. Sunar, A.M. Leman, P. Gani, Q. Emparan, E.C.Ming. (2015). In- Vitro Indoor Fungal Treatment On Wood By Using Potassium Sorbate As Biocide. Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, in press.

      [8] Parjo, U. K., Sunar, N. M., Leman, A. M., Ideris, N. I. A., Gani, P., Emparan, Q., Er, C. M. (2015). Indoor Fungal Treatment by Using Potassium Sorbate as Bio-Resistance Coating for Different Plasterboard Wall Finishings. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 773, pp. 1116-1120)

      [9] Bellottia, N., L. Salvatorea, C. Deyáa,M.T. Del Pannob, B. del Amoa, R. Romagnolia (2013). The application of bioactive compounds from the food industry to control mold growth in indoor waterborne coatings. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 140– 144.

      [10] Pereira, E. P. R., Faria, J. D. A. F., Pinto, U. M. (2013). Optimizing the use of potassium sorbate and sodium metabisulphite for the chemical and microbial stability of carbonated coconut water. Brazilian Journal of Food Technology, 16(2), 125-132.

      [11] Hwang. C. A and Huang. L. (2014). The effect of Potassium Sorbate and pH on the growth of Listeria Monocytogenes in Ham Salad. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation 38, pp. 1511–1516

      [12] Er, C. M., Sunar, N. M., Leman, A. M., Othman, N., Kalthsom, U., Jamal, N. A., & Ideris, N. A. (2016). The biocidal effect of potassium sorbate for indoor airborne fungi remediation. Desalination and Water Treatment, 57(1), 288-293.

      [13] Vacher, S., Hernandez, C., Bärtschi, C., & Poussereau, N. (2010). Impact of paint and wallpaper on mould growth on plasterboards and aluminum. Building and Environment, 45(4), 916-921.

      [14] Parjo, U. K., Sunar, N. M., Leman, A. M., Gani, P., Emparan, Q., & Er, C. M. (2015). Coating Bio-Resistance Test of Different Wall Finishing for Isolated Indoor Fungal Treatment by Using Potassium Sorbate Biocide on Wood. In-Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 773, pp. 1384-1388).

      [15] ASTM D5590-00 (no. Reapproved 2013, 2014). Standard Test Method for Determining the Resistance of Paint Films and Related Coatings to Fungal Defacement by Accelerated Four-Week Agar Plate Assay. ASTM D5590 - 00, pp. 4–7.

      [16] Anthony V. Arundel, E. M. (1986). Indirect Health Effects of Relative Humidity in Indoor Environments. Environmental Health Perspectives Vol. 65, pp. 351-361

      [17] Norhidayah, A., Chia-Kuang, L., Azhar, M. K., & Nurulwahida, S. (2013). Indoor air quality and sick building syndrome in three selected buildings. Procedia Engineering, 53, 93-98.

      [18] Er C.M., Sunar N.M., Leman A.M., Norzila O., Emparan Q., Kalthsom U., Gani P., Jamal N.A (2014). Evaluation of Potassium Sorbate as a Biocide to Reduce Viability of Total Airborne Fungi in a Higher Educational Building of Computer Studies. Advanced Research in Materials Science Vol. 2, No.1, Pages 15-19.




Article ID: 17260
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.23.17260

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.