Applied Entrepreneurship Education at University of Manadonorth Sulawesi Indonesia

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    The University of Manado’s (Unima) students have great potential to become successful entrepreneurs if they have good knowledge and adequate entrepreneurial skills. However, although entrepreneurship subject has been taught for years in several faculties, however it was hard to identify the students’ entrepreneurs at Unima. By making use of qualitative method, this study examines student entrepreneurship development; and identify the factors that influence the development of student entrepreneurship at University of Manado. The conclusion is the entrepreneurship course at Unima before 2015 just focused on the theory, that is the reason why there was not start-up student entrepreneur. However, since the curriculum has been improving and more focus on applied entrepreneurship education, some students have successfully started their business. The factors that encourage entrepreneurship development at University of Manado are the support of various parties, both internal and external campus.


  • Keywords

    Applied Entrepreneurship; Higher Education Student; Unima; North Sulawesi; Indonesia.

  • References

      [1] Fitzsimmons JR, Douglas EJ, Antoncic B, Hisrich RD. Intrapreneurship in Australian firms. J Manag Organ. 2005;11(1):17–27.

      [2] Heinonen J, Poikkijoki S. An entrepreneurial‐directed approach to entrepreneurship education: mission impossible? J Manag Dev. 2006;25(1):80–94.

      [3] Bechard J-P, Toulouse J-M. Validation of a didactic model for the analysis of training objectives in entrepreneurship. J Bus Ventur. 1998;13(4):317–32.

      [4] Jones C, English J. A contemporary approach to entrepreneurship education. Educ + Train. 2004;46(8/9):416–23.

      [5] Yu Cheng M, Sei Chan W, Mahmood A. The effectiveness of entrepreneurship education in Malaysia. Educ + Train. 2009;51(7):555–66.

      [6] McKeown J, Millman C, Reddy Sursani S, Smith K, Martin LM. Graduate entrepreneurship education in the United Kingdom. Educ + Train. 2006;48(8/9):597–613.

      [7] Hegarty C. It’s not an exact science: teaching entrepreneurship in Northern Ireland. Educ + Train. 2006;48(5):322–35.

      [8] Kolvereid L, Moen Ø. Entrepreneurship among business graduates: does a major in entrepreneurship make a difference? J Eur Ind Train. 1997;21(4):154–60.

      [9] Jones C. Entrepreneurship education: revisiting our role and its purpose. J Small Bus Enterp Dev. 2010;17(4):500–13.

      [10] Piperopoulos PG. Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Business Clusters. GOwer Publishing, Ltd; 2012. 217 p.

      [11] Lourenço F, Taylor TG, Taylor DW. Integrating “education for entrepreneurship” in multiple faculties in “half‐the‐time” to enhance graduate entrepreneurship. J Small Bus Enterp Dev. 2013;20(3):503–25.

      [12] Draycott M, Rae D. Enterprise education in schools and the role of competency frameworks. Int J Entrep Behav Res. 2011;17(2):127–45.

      [13] Lourenço F, Jayawarna D. Enterprise education: The effect of creativity on training outcomes. Int J Entrep Behav Res. 2011;17(3):224–44.

      [14] Shahverdi M, Ismail K, Qureshi MI. The effect of perceived barriers on social entrepreneurship intention in Malaysian universities: The moderating role of education. Manag Sci Lett [Internet]. 2018;8:341–52. Available from:

      [15] Liñán F, Fayolle A. A systematic literature review on entrepreneurial intentions: citation, thematic analyses, and research agenda. Int Entrep Manag J. 2015;11(4):907–33.

      [16] Nabi G, Walmsley A, Liñán F, Akhtar I, Neame C. Does entrepreneurship education in the first year of higher education develop entrepreneurial intentions? The role of learning and inspiration. Studies in Higher Education. 2016;1–16.

      [17] Setiawan JL. Examining Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy among Students. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci. 2014;115:235–42.

      [18] Chen CC, Greene PG, Crick A. Does entrepreneurial self-efficacy distinguish entrepreneurs from managers? J Bus Ventur. 1998;13(4):295–316.

      [19] Indarti N, Rostiani R, Nastiti T. Underlying factors of entrepreneurial intentions among Asian students. South East Asian J Manag. 2010;4(2):143–60.

      [20] Brian J, Iredale N. Enterprise and entrepreneurship education: towards a comparative analysis. J Enterprising Communities People Places Glob Econ. 2014;8(1):34–50.

      [21] Tambunan T. Entrepreneurship Development: Smes in Indonesia. J Dev Entrep. 2007;12(1):95–118.

      [22] Nawangpalupi C, Pawitan G, Gunawan A, Widyarini M, Putri F, Iskandarsjah T. Enterpreneurship in Indonesia: Conditions and Opportunity for Growth and Sustainability. 2016.

      [23] Brandstätter H. Personality aspects of entrepreneurship: A look at five meta-analyses. Pers Individ Dif. 2011;51(3):222–30.




Article ID: 17582
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i3.25.17582

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.