Identification of Economic and Social Measures on Reformation of Urban Eroded Context (Case Study: Shahr-E-Kord City Eroded Context)
Keywords:Eroded context, reformation, economic, social, Shahr-e-kord.
Cities are alike living beings that are consistently in need of instauration and require restoration and reconstruction of withered tissues and replacement of new cells with the old ones. The eroded context of Shahr-e-kord city is one of the eroded and valuable fabric samples which is facing social, economic, and skeletal evolutions due to problems such as social and economic degradation, skeletal erosion, etc. Given that, the subject of this research that is the reformation of Shahr-e-kord eroded context was chosen and reviewed due to the significance of social and economic studies.
Achieved findings from final evaluation through SWOT factors in of AHP model depicts that in strength points, long settlement of peopleâ€™s in context and integration of available potentials in context for reformation are the most important strengths, and the population mitigation in area and descending value of its functions are the most important threats.
Today, the main problem of under study context is the low affordability and disproportion of expenses and incomes of families in eroded context. Based on final analyses in this research, substantial propositions to benefit from the strengths, opportunities, declination of weaknesses and threats in form of SWOT model strategies are suggested for reformation of Shahr-e-kord eroded context.
 Asghari M, â€œCoincidence of pragmatism and post-modernism in Richard Rorety philosophyâ€, Philosophy scientific-research quarterly, Vol.6, No.2, (2008).
 Afshani A, Spss practical learning in behavioral and social sciences. Yazd: Yazd university publications, (2008).
 Amakchi H, â€œLegal and legitimate tools effective on immigration of community and marginalization in 5-year period economic-social development program of stateâ€, Seven cities quarterly, Vol.3, (2017), pp.9-10.
 Bahreini H, Modernism, post-modernism and afterward in urbanism. Tehran: Tehran university publications, (1999).
 Bouchani M, â€œRenovation of Ghazvin archaic fabric a test for urban managementâ€, Municipalities management, Vol.6, No.32, (2004).
 Papeli Yazdi MH & Rajabi S, City and suburb theory. Tehran: semat publications, (2003).
 Tavasoli M, â€œArchaic context an introduction to subject, whole papers of survival seminar in archaic context of Iran cities, industry and science universityâ€, Tehran, (1993).
 Jahanshahi, M, Eroded context and urban development, Vol.4, No.18, (2003)
 Haeri, MR, â€œFading of historical city in insignificancy of urban growth historyâ€, Abadi Journal, Vol. 2, No. 6, 1992.
 Habibi K, Pour Ahmad, A and Meshkini, A. Reformation and renovation of archaic contexts. Kordestan: Kordestan university publications, (2007).
 Habibi M. Historical contexts reconstruction. Tehran: Tehran University Fine Arts Faculty publications, (1996).
 Habibi M & Maghsoudi M. Urban Restoration. Tehran: Tehran university publications, (2002).
 Hosseini J. Civic sustainable engagement in renovation and reconstruction of urban eroded contexts. Mahsad: Sokhan Gostar publications, (2008).
 Hekmat Nia H & Mousavi MN. Model integration in Geography featuring urban and regional planning. Yazd: modern science publications, (2006).
 Hanachi P. Urban restoration in Iranâ€™s historical cities. Architecture PhD thesis, (1999).
 Soltan Zadeh H. Urban spaces in historical fabrics of Iran. Cultural researches office of Iran collaborating Tehran municipality. State statistical annals. (2008).
 Shafaghi S. Development of urban archaic and eroded contexts, paper series of urban contexts specialty congress, urbanism and housing ministry, Mashad, (1997).
 Shafiei Nasab SR & Kalabi F, Eroded context and housing quality improvement policies. Abadi Journal, Vol.55, No.113, (2007).
 Shokouei H. Cities Social Geography and City Social Ecology. Tehran, Jahad Daneshgahi publications, (1986).
 Shokouei H, New ideas in Geography Philosophy. Tehran: Atlas publications, (2008).
 Shokouei H & Tabrizi J. The effect of technical urban renovation on forming no-place feeling (Navab project case study). Modarres Journal, Vol. 2, (2003).
 Shamaei A & Pour Ahmad, A. An analysis on policies and plans of urban renovation and reformation in state development programs. Geography quarterly, Vol.48, No.126, (2004).
 Shamaei A & Pour Ahmad A. Urban renovation and reformation from the aspect of Geography. Tehran: Tehran University publications, (2005).
 Shamaei A & Pour Ahmad A. Urban renovation and reformation from the aspect of Geography. Tehran: Tehran university publications, (2010).
 Shamaei A. Physical development effect of Yazd city on archaic fabric and reformation and instauration, (2002).
 Shoai F, Urbanism, Imaginations and Realities. Translated by Seyyed Mohsen Habibi, Tehran University publications, (1996).
 Sarafi M. Toward a theory to organize unofficial accommodation â€“ from marginalization to urbanism content. Seven cities journal, Vol. 3, No.8, (2003).
 Abbas Nia R, â€œIdentification of main interior risk resources in Tehran city renovation and reformation projectsâ€, Science International Journal, Sharif Industrial University Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 8, (2008).
 Erfani G & Dizani A, â€œReformation from theory to practice definition of â€œReformationâ€, Term in city intervenes, Bagh Nazar quarterly, Vol.7, No.13, (2010).
 Azizi MM, â€œEvolution procedure of intervention policies in Iranâ€™s urban archaic contextsâ€, Fine art journal of Tehran University, Vol.7, No.39, (2000).
 Farahani Fard S. An introduction to sustainable development in urban archaic fabrics of Iran, fine arts journal of Tehran university, Vol. 7, No. 39, (2005).
 Falamaki MM. A review on experiences and urban restoration from Venice to Shiraz. Ministry of roads and urban development, (1996).
 Falamaki MM. Instauration of monuments. Teheran: Tehran university publications, (1996).
 Foolad A & Ghasemi A, â€œIntegration of lands a method to reconstruction of eroded fabrics (Japan experience review)â€, Paper series of first National Congress of Reformation and Renovation of urban eroded contexts, Mashad, (2008).
 Gharakhloo M & Hosseini SH, â€œUrban sustainable development indexes, Geography and regional development journalâ€, Geography group of Mashad Ferdowsi Geography group, Vol. 8, No.157, (2007).
 Kazemi PS. Basic methods of demography. Tehran: Payam-e Noor university publications, (2008).
 Kalantari K & Pour Ahmad A. Urban restoration experiences and techniques. Tehran: Jahade Daneshgahi publications, (2005).
 Kivister P. Fundamental Thoughts in Sociology translated by Manouchehr Sabouri. Tehran: Ney publications, (1999).
 Majedi H, â€œDevelopment of current cities the future eroded citiesâ€, City identity journal, Vol. 4, No. 6, (2010).
 Ministry of state urban planning and researches. Research methods of urban development plans, study of best experiences and implementation of city development plans in Iran, Tehran: State municipalities organization publications, (1999).
 Ministry of state urban planning and researches. City development, architecture, and master plansâ€™ regulations, (1991).
 Mashadi ZDN. An analysis on urban planning in Iran. Tehran: Science and Industry University publications, (1995).
 Moghanlou M. The people engagement place in reformation of eroded context and effective elements on its enhancement (case study: central area of Javadieh), master degree thesis, architecture and art faculty of Islamic Azad university-central Tehran, (2010).
 Mehdi Zadeh J, Strategic planning of urban development (universal recent experiences and its place in Iran). Tehran: municipality and housing publications, (2006).
 Movahed A & Heidarian M, â€œStudy of the role of cultural and social factors in empowerment of urban eroded contextâ€, Paper series of national congress of urban eroded contexts, Ahvaz, (1998).
 Mohammadi DCM & Zangi Abadi, A. Feasibility of Ecotourism capabilities in Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari province through SWOT. Ecology Journal, Vol. 34, No. 47, (1998).
 Nikzad, A. The history of Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari. Tehran: Giti publications, (1994).
 Yavar B. Engagement and place of Engagement in urban city, realities, goals, and strategies, Master degree thesis, urban developing and art faculty of Industry and Science university, Tehran, (2001).
 Buton B. Urban Economic, London, Macmillan. Publisher, (1985).
 ÂCampell S. Readings in Planning theory, Blakwell, Oxford, (1997).
 ÂCarey C. Planning for sustainable accessibility: The implementation challenge. Curtin University, (2008).
 Eagletion T. The Illusion and Social Theory. Blakwell, Oxford, (2008).
 Juliet C & lorett A. Gentrification. Journal of regional and urban research vol. 17, (1995).
 ÂOzlem G. Urban regeneration and increased competitive power: Ankara in an era of globalization. Cities, Vol. 26, (2009).
 Payam N. Urban Geography. John Wiley and sons, INC. U.S.A, (1975).
 Paul B. Urban land Economics. Machmillan, Ltd, U.K, 1988.
 Rosemary D. City center regeneration through residential development: Contributing to sustainability. Urban Studies, Vol.42, No.13, (2005).
 Releigh B. Land Resource Economics. Prentic- Hall U.S.A, (1985).
 Robert H. Inner City Regeneration. Spon, Ltd, U.K, (1982).
 Roberts P. The evolution, definition and purpose of urban regeneration, in P. Roberts and H. Syke(eds). Urban Regeneration, A Handbook. British Urban, Regeneration Association, SAGE Publications, London, (2000).
 Development planning unit, university college London.
 Wilson J. ÂUrban renewed. The record and the controversy, the M.I. Press, (1973).