Blockchain in Voting System Application

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Two of the most familiar method of voting is through voting polls and online voting. The main problem with conventional method is the insecurity of the votes to be untemper. Another problem of voting methods is the existence of fraud in voting system. This paper is to propose a method in overcoming these flaws and problems by using the Blockchain technology. Blockchain technology is a secured database and has very high security. The technical concept of the Blockchain technology has many advantages and benefits that could be applied to many technical sectors and have the possibility in changing the world. The concept for this project is to develop a cryptocurrency implementation in the voting system. From there, the transaction votes are kept in the blockchain could be illustrated by examining the block hashes. The outcome of the project shows a transaction of coins from one voter’s wallet into two candidates’ wallet. The transactions were approved through a process of mining and the transactions of coins were a success. The data of the transactions were kept in the blockchain where unique blockhash, which acted as the block’s fingerprint were generated. From there, the integrity of the blockchain technology is illustrated.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Blockchain Technology; decentralized cryptocurrency; integrity; security; voting system.

  • References


      [1] Lieber, F. (1889). Manual of political ethics, Part 2: Political ethics proper (for the use of colleges and students at law). Charles C Little and James Brown.

      [2] Popescu, B. M. (2013). Electoral fraud: Few thoughts and insights about the phenomenon. Cogito (2066-7094), 5(1), 94-108.

      [3] Electoral Commission. (2014). Electoral fraud in the UK: Final report and recommendations. Electoral Commission.

      [4] Golder, M. (2005). Democratic electoral systems around the world, 1946–2000. Electoral Studies, 24(1), 103-121.

      [5] Mayfield, L. (1993). Voting fraud in early twentieth-century Pittsburgh. The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 24(1), 59-84.

      [6] Noizat, P. Blockchain electronic vote. https://www.weusecoins.com/assets/pdf/library/blockchain-electronic-vote.pdf .

      [7] Kaleem, J. (2016). Here's what we know so far about voter fraud and the 2016 elections. http://www.latimes.com/politics/la-na-pol-voting-irregularities-snap-story.html.

      [8] Pierro, M. D. (2017). What is the blockchain? Computing in Science and Engineering, 19(5), 92–95.

      [9] Pilkington, M. (2016). Blockchain technology: Principles and applications. In F. X. Olleros, & M. Zhegu (Eds.), Research Handbook on Digital Transformations. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 225–253.

      [10] Blockgeek, Proof of work vs proof of stake. https://blockgeeks.com/guides/proof-of-work-vs-proof-of-stake/.

      [11] Nakamoto, S. (2008). Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system. https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/32413652/BitCoin_P2P_electronic_cash_system.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3A&Expires=1534387951&Signature=9k5FhInrT6iJ1FYAvhUhLO6%2BRJg%3D&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DBitcoin_A_Peer-to-Peer_Electronic_Cash_S.pdf.

      [12] CoinMarketCap. Cryptocurrency market capitalizations. https://coinmarketcap.com/.

      [13] GitHub. A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform. https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/White-Paper.

      [14] Biswas, K., & Muthukkumarasamy, V. (2016). Securing smart cities using blockchain technology. Proceedings of the IEEE 18th International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications; IEEE 14th International Conference on Smart City; IEEE 2nd International Conference on Data Science and Systems, pp. 1392-1393.

      [15] Mettler, M. (2016). Blockchain technology in healthcare: The revolution starts here. Proceedings of the IEEE 18th International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services, pp. 1-3.

      [16] Economist. Digital voting with the use of blockchain technology. https://www.economist.com/sites/default/files/plymouth.pdf.

      [17] Bogucki, B. (2017). Buying votes in the 21st century: The potential use of bitcoins and blockchain technology in electronic voting reform. Asper Review of International Business and Trade Law, 17, 59.

      [18] J. Bannet, D. Price, A. Rudys, J. Singer, and D. Walach, (2004). Hack-a-vote: Security issues with electronic voting systems. IEEE Security and Privacy Magazine, 2(1), 32–37.

      [19] P. Patrick McCorry, S. F. Shahandashti, F. Hao, “A smart contract for boardroom voting with maximum voter privacy,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Science and Technology, pp. 357-375, 2017.

      [20] D. Han, H. Kim, and J. Jang, “Blockchain based smart door lock system,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence, pp. 1165-1167, 2017.

      [21] J.-H. Lee, “BIDaaS: Blockchain based ID as a Service,” IEEE Access, 6:2274-2278, 2018.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 20793
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.11.20793




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.