A Study on Effect of Process Parameters on Quality using Low Cost 3D Printer

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
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  • Abstract


    Fused deposition modeling is a type of layered additive manufacturing technology in which parts are built by heating a thermoplastic filament above its melting point. The modern low cost 3D printers are based on this technology. This paper examines the effect of process parameters on the quality of parts produced using ABS (Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene) material. A statistical design of experiments approach, using the central composite design, was used with the process parameters of layer thickness, speed of deposition and extrusion temperature, to quantitatively model their effect on the quality of the resulting parts produced. It was found that layer thickness and speed of deposition had significant effect on quality of parts produced.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Styrene (ABS), Central Composite Design (CCD), Extrusion temperature, Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), Rapid Prototyping, 3D Printer, Layer thickness, Speed of Deposition.

  • References


      [1] Bharath Vasudevarao, Dharam Prakash Natarajan and Mark Henderson,‘Sensitivity of RP surface finish to process parameter variation’, in: Solid Freeform Fabrication Proceedings, pp. 251-258 (2000).

      [2] Anitha R., Arunachalam S. and Radhakrishnan P., ‘Critical parameters influencing the quality of prototypes in fused deposition modelling’, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol.118, pp.385-388 (2001).

      [3] T. Nancharaiah and D. Ranga Raju, “An experimental investigation on surface quality and dimensional accuracy of FDM components”, International Journal on Emerging Technologies, 1(2): pp.106-111 (2010).

      [4] OgnjanLužanin, DejanMovrin, MiroslavPlančak “Experimental investigation of extrusion speed and temperature effects on arithmetic mean surface roughness in FDM built Specimens” Journal for Technology of Plasticity, Vol. 38,Number2(2013).


 

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Article ID: 21635
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.29.21635




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