Coating of Tin Octoate on Ceramic Support: Effect of Polyvinyl Alcohol and Polyethylene Glycol as Binders

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    It has been an interest to produce immobilized tin (II) octoate catalyst on the surface of the ceramic support for the production of polylactic acid (PLA) from lactic acid (LA) due to ease of recycling and separating the catalyst. The objectives of this study are to produce ceramic support coating using polyethylene glycol (PEG) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) binders and to characterize the tin (II) octoate coating using EDX and standard adhesion test. Ceramic powder was obtained from ceramic waste and used to make the support by mixing with diluted PVA in a ratio of 3:1 before compressing and sintering in furnace at 1100oC. Then, a thin layer of tin (II) octoate was prepared using nitric acid, ethylene glycol (EG) and different types of binders. Dip coating technique was used to coat the thin layer on the ceramic surface before sintering in an oven. Based on the EDX result, the composition of tin present in the thin layer containing PEG binder is 5.50 % compared to only 0.46 % of that containing PVA binder. In addition, result from adhesion test showed that the thin layer sample containing PEG did not peel off from the ceramic surface, while the thin layer containing PVA stuck to the tape and peeled off from the surface of ceramic at 37.5 %. In conclusion, PEG binder was recommended for the immobilization of high composition of tin (II) octoate on the ceramic surface.



  • Keywords

    Tin (II) Octoate, binders, ceramic coating, polyethylene glycol (PEG), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)

  • References

      [1] Jamshidian, M., Tehrany, E. A., Imran, M., & Jacquot, M. (2010). Poly-Lactic Acid : Production, Applications, Nanocomposites, and Release Studies, 9, 552–571.

      [2] Taylor, P., Mehta, R., Kumar, V., & Bhunia, H. (2012). Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part C : Polymer Reviews Synthesis of Poly (Lactic Acid): A Review Synthesis of Poly (Lactic Acid): A Review, 37–41.

      [3] Kozlovskiy, R., Shvets, V., & Kuznetsov, A. (2017). Technological aspects of the production of biodegradable polymers and other chemicals from renewable sources using lactic acid. Journal of Cleaner Production, 155, 157–163.

      [4] Bakibaev, А. A., Gazaliev, A. M., Kabieva, S. K., Fedorchenko, V. I., & Guba, G. Y. (2015). Polymerization of Lacti с Acid Using Microwave and Conventional Heating. Procedia Chemistry, 15, 97–102.

      [5] Schwach, G., Coudane, J., Engel, R., & Vert, M. (1997). Polymerization of Lactides in the Presence of Stannous Octoate, 3431–3440.

      [6] Govan, J., & Gun, Y. K. (2014). Recent Advances in the Application of Magnetic Nanoparticles as a Support for Homogenous Catalysts, 222–241.

      [7] Lebeau, J. M., & Boonyongmaneerat, Y. (2007). Comparison study of aqueous binder systems for slurry-based processing, 458, 17–24.

      [8] Carneiro, L., Silva, A. R., Shuttleworth, P. S., Budarin, V., & Clark, J. H. (2014). Synthesis, Immobilization and Catalytic Activity of a Copper (II) Complex with a Chiral Bis(oxazoline), (Ii), 11988–11998.

      [9] Wei, L. (2012). Designing Immobilized Catalysts For Chemical Transformations : New Platforms To Tune The Accessibility Of Active Sites Designing Immobilized Catalysts For Chemical Transformations, (August).

      [10] Sáenz, A., Rivera-muñoz, E., Brostow, W., Castaño, V. M., Física, E. De, Rica. (1999). Ceramic Biomaterials : An Introductory Overview, 21, 297–306.

      [11] Taktak, R., Baklouti, S., & Bouaziz, J. (2011). Effect of binders on microstructural and mechanical properties of sintered alumina. Materials Characterization, 62(9), 912–916.

      [12] Chen, Q., Cabanas-polo, S., Goudouri, O., & Boccaccini, A. R. (2014). Electrophoretic co-deposition of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) reinforced alginate – Bioglass ® composite coating on stainless steel : Mechanical properties and in-vitro bioactivity assessment. Materials Science & Engineering C, 40, 55–64.

      [13] Hassan, C. M., & Peppas, N. A. (2000). Structure and Applications of Poly (vinyl alcohol) Hydrogels Produced by Conventional Crosslinking or by Freezing / Thawing Methods, 153.

      [14] Tasi, N., Brankovi, Z., Marinkovi, Z., & Brankovi, G. (2012). Effect of Binder Molecular Weight on Morphology of TiO 2 Films Prepared by Tape Casting and Their Photovoltaic Performance, 44, 365–372.

      [15] Zaiton, R., Omar, N. A., & Ibrahim, N. (2018). Morphology and Chemical Structure of Sn (2) Oct Thin Layer Added Binder Via Sol Gel Method, 22(2), 311–317.

      [16] Nawawi, W. I., Zaharudi, R., Azlan, M., Ishak, M., & Ismail, K. (2017). Applied Science: The Preparation and Charactherization of Immobimized TiO2/PEG by using DSAT as support binder.

      [17] Lidija, C., Fiamengo, I., & Tomas, N. (2011). Synthesis, Charactherization, and Photocatalytic Properties of Sol – Gel TiO2 film, 37, 1153 – 1160.

      [18] Amirjan, M. & Khorsand, H. (2014). Processing and properties of Al-based powder suspension/slurry: A comparison study of aqueous binder systems, stability and film uniformity. Powder Technology, 254, 12-21.




Article ID: 21813
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.18.21813

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.