Study on the Effect of Different Electrode on Capacitive Deionization Microfluidic Desalination

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Recent year, microfluidics desalination technology is on its immerging path which utilizes the domination of many apparent fluids physical properties (viscosity and surface tension) in the micro-flow systems. As compared to the traditional and commercially applied desalination methods, microfluidics overcomes most of the drawbacks such as high power consumption and low separation performance. It is believed that the flow of liquids in the micro-scaled designed structures will optimize the separation efficiency and will definitely lead to higher desalination performance. In the present work, a microfluidic desalination chip was introduced. The microfluidic desalination chip was fabricated using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) soft lithography method and two types of electrode were used which are titanium and aluminium. The desalination efficiency was being observed, analyzed and evaluated at the constant flow rate of 90 mL/h using capacitive deionization method. The desalination efficiency with titanium and aluminium electrode was achieved with 15% and 65%, respectively. The surface morphology of both used and unused electrodes was observed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The findings in this work show that the desalination efficiency was rely on the electrode surface properties.



  • Keywords

    Capacitive deionization; desalination; electrode; aluminium; titanium.

  • References

      [1] Roy Y, Thiel GP, Antar MA & Lienhard JH (2017), The effect of increased top brine temperature on the performance and design of OT-MSF using a case study. Desalination 412, 32–8.

      [2] Shams El, Din AM, El-Dahshan ME & Mohammed RA (2005), Scale formation in flash chambers of high-temperature MSF distillers. Desalination 177, 241–58.

      [3] Morris AR (1979), The use of titanium tubes in MSF desalination plants. Desalination 31, 387.

      [4] Baig H, Antar MA & Zubair SM (2010), Performance characteristics of a once-through multi-stage flash distillation process. Desalination Water Treat 13, 174–85.

      [5] Shams AM, Din E, E1-Dahshan ME & Mohammed RA (2005), Scale formation in flash chambers of high-temperature MSF distillers. Desalination 177, 241–58.

      [6] Frantz C & Seifert B (2015), Thermal Analysis of a Multi Effect Distillation Plant Powered by a Solar Tower Plant. Energy Procedia 69, 1928–37.

      [7] Filippini G, Al-Obaidi M, Manenti F & Mujtaba IM (2018), Performance analysis of hybrid system of multi effect distillation and reverse osmosis for seawater desalination via modelling and simulation. Desalination 448, 21-35.

      [8] Ali MT, Fath HES & Armstrong PR (2011), A comprehensive techno-economical review of indirect solar desalination. Renewable Sustain Energy Review 15, 4187–99.

      [9] Khawaji AD, Kutubkhanah IK & Wie JM (2008), Advances in seawater desalination technologies. Desalination 221, 47–69.

      [10] Goodman NB, Taylor RJ, Xie Z, Gozukara Y & Clements A (2013), A feasibility study of municipal wastewater desalination using electrodialysis reversal to provide recycled water for horticultural irrigation. Desalination 15, 77–83.

      [11] Gumuscu B, Haase AS, Benneker AM, Hempenius MA, van den Berg A & Lammertink RGH (2016), Desalination by Electrodialysis Using a Stack of Patterned Ion-Selective Hydrogels on a Microfluidic Device. Advanced Functional Materials 26, 8685–93.

      [12] Deng D, Dydek EV, Han J-H, Schlumpberger S, Mani A & Zaltzman B (2013), Overlimiting Current and Shock Electrodialysis in Porous Media. Langmuir 29, 16167–77.

      [13] Kwon HJ, Kim B, Lim G & Han J, “A water permeable ion exchange membrane for desalination”, 19th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, (2015), pp:1202-1204.

      [14] Tang CY & Leckie JO (2007), Membrane Independent Limiting Flux for RO and NF Membranes Fouled by Humic Acid. Environment Science Technology 41, 4767–73.

      [15] Adham S, Hussain A, Matar JM, Dores R & Janson A (2013), Application of Membrane Distillation for desalting brines from thermal desalination plants. Desalination 314, 101–8.

      [16] She Q, Wang R, Fane AG & Tang CY (2016), Membrane fouling in osmotically driven membrane processes: A review. Joirnal of Membrane Science 499, 201–33.

      [17] Li D & Wang H (2010), Recent developments in reverse osmosis desalination membranes. Journal of Material Chemistry 20, 4551.

      [18] Pangarkar BL, Sane MG & Guddad M (2011), Reverse Osmosis and Membrane Distillation for Desalination of Groundwater: A Review. ISRN Materials Science 2011, 1–9.

      [19] Ruiz GA, Melián MN & Mena V (2018), Fouling characterization of RO membranes after 11 years of operation in a brackish water desalination plant. Desalination 430, 180–5.

      [20] Abdulrazaq JA (2014), Effect of the Scale Formation on the Performance of Recirculation MSF Plant. Basrah Journal for Engineering Science 41, 4141.

      [21] McGovern RK, Weiner AM, Sun L, Chambers CG, Zubair SM & Lienhard VJH (2014), On the cost of electrodialysis for the desalination of high salinity feeds. Applied Energy 136, 649–61.

      [22] Abdulbari HA, Ling FWM, Hassan Z & Thin HJ (2018), Experimental investigations on biopolymer in enhancing the liquid flow in microchannel. Advanced Polymer Technology.

      [23] Abdulbari HA & Ming FLW (2015), Drag Reduction Properties of Nanofluids in Microchannels. The Journal of Engineering Researcht 12, 60.

      [24] Abdulbari HA, Wang Ming FL & Mahmood WK. (2017), Insoluble additives for enhancing a blood-like liquid flow in micro-channels. Journal of Hydrodynamic 29, 144–53.

      [25] Ling FWM & Abdulbari HA (2017), Enhancing the Flow in Microchannel using Natural Polymeric Additives. Indian Journal of Science Technology 10, 1–5.

      [26] Ling FWM, Mahmood WK & Abdulbari HA (2017), Rapid Prototyping of Microfluidics Devices using Xurograhy Method. MATEC Web Conference 111, 01009.

      [27] Ling FWM & Abdulbari HA (2017), Drag reduction by natural polymeric additives in PMDS microchannel: Effect of types of additives. MATEC Web Conference 111, 01001.

      [28] Abdulbari HA & Ling FWM (2017) Hibiscus mucilage for enhancing the flow in blood-stream-like microchannel system. Chemical Engineering Communication 204, 1282–98.

      [29] Porada S, Sales BB, M Hamelers HV, Biesheuvel PM, Sales B & Hamelers H (2012), Water Desalination with Wires. The Journal of Physical Chemistry 3, 1613–8.

      [30] Suss ME, Baumann TF, Bourcier WL, Spadaccini CM, Rose KA, Santiago JG (2012), Capacitive desalination with flow-through electrodes. Energy & Environmental Science 5, 9511.

      [31] Schlumpberger S, Lu NB, Suss ME & Bazant MZ (2015), Scalable and Continuous Water Deionization by Shock Electrodialysis. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 2, 367–72.

      [32] Suss ME, Porada S, Sun X, Biesheuvel PM, Yoon J & Presser V. (2015), Water desalination via capacitive deionization: what is it and what can we expect from it? Energy & Environmental Science 8, 2296–319.

      [33] Grygolowicz-Pawlak E, Sohail M, Pawlak M, Neel B, Shvarev A & de Marco R (2012), Coulometric Sodium Chloride Removal System with Nafion Membrane for Seawater Sample Treatment. Analytical Chemistry 84, 6158–65.

      [34] Roelofs SH, van den Berg A & Odijk M (2015), Microfluidic desalination techniques and their potential applications. Lab on Chip 15, 3428–38.

      [35] Pakiela Z, Ludwichowska K, Ferenc J & Kulczyk M (2014), Mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of Al 6101 and 6201 alloys processed by hydro-extrusion. Materials Science and Engineering.

      [36] Shahid M, McDonagh A, Kim JH & Shon HK (2015), Magnetised titanium dioxide (TiO) for water purification: preparation, characterisation and application. Desalination Water Treatment 54, 979–1002.

      [37] Boyer RR (1996), An overview on the use of titanium in the aerospace industry. Material Science and Engineering 213, 103–14.

      [38] Litvin DA & Smith DE (1971), Titanium for Marine Application. Naval Engineers Journal 83, 37–44.

      [39] Oryshchenko AS, Gorynin IV, Leonov VP, Kudryavtsev AS, Mikhailov VI & Chudakov EV (2015), Marine titanium alloys: Present and future. Inorganic Materials: Applied Research 6, 571–9.

      [40] Dupuis J, Chenon M, Faure S, Razan F & Gloriant T (2013), Mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of some titanium alloys in marine environment. MATEC Web Conference 7, 1009.

      [41] Sotto A, Boromand A, Balta S, Darvishmanash S, Kim J & Van der Bruggen B (2011), Nanofiltration membranes enhanced with TiO nanoparticles: a comprehensive study. Desalination Water Treatment 34, 179–83.




Article ID: 24809
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.24809

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.