Properties of Fibreboard Made from Cultivated Leucaena leucocephala and Rubberwood

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Fibreboard made from cultivated Leucaena leucocephala  (3 and 5 year-old) and rubberwood has been prepared. Three wood ratios of Leucaena leucocephala/Rubberwood (20:80, 50:50 and 80:20) and three levels of resin content (15%, 18% and 20%) were the selected variations in this study. The objective of the study is to determine the physical and mechanical properties of fibreboard made from Leucaena leucocephala and rubberwood. Results showed that the mechanical properties of modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elastic (MOE) and internal bond (IB) exhibit an increasing trend along with the increment of Leucaena leucocephala percentage (20% to 80%) in the fibreboard. Mechanical and physical properties of the board made from 3 year-old Leucaena leucocephala and rubberwood shows positively enhancement with the increasing of resin content. Whereas, the enhancement of the mechanical properties of fibreboard made from 5 year-old Leucaena leucocephala and rubberwood was observed as the percentage ratio of Leucaena leucocephala increased. Both of fibreboard made from 3 and 5 year-old Leucaena leucocephala passes the minimum mechanical properties requirement of JIS A 5905: 2003 Fibreboard.

     

     

  • Keywords


    Rubberwood, Leucaena leucocephala Age, Wood Ratio, Resin Content

  • References


      [1] Brent, E., Youngquist, J. A & Krzysik, A. M. (1994). Lignocellulosic Composites, Hanser Publisher, New York pp. 115-130.

      [2] Youngquist, J. A. (1999). Wood–based composites and panel products. Wood handbook: wood as an engineering material. Madison, WI: USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, 1999. General technical report FPL; GTR-113: pp. 10.1-10.31.

      [3] Cai, Z. 2006. Selected properties of MDF and flakeboard overlaid with fibreglass mats. Forest Products Journal. 56(11/12): 142–146.

      [4] Çöpür, Y., Güler, C., Taşçıoğlu, C. & Tozluoğlu, A. (2008). Incorporation of hazelnut shell and husk in MDF production, Bioresour. Technol. 99, 7402-7406.

      [5] Teoh Y.P, Don M.M, & Ujang S. (2011). Assessment of the properties, utilization and preservation of rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis): a case study in Malaysia. J Wood. Sci. 57(4), 255-266.

      [6] Shahwahid, M.H.O. & Rahim, A.A.S. (2009). A preliminary study of strategic competitiveness of MDF industry in Peninsular Malaysia by using SWOT analysis. International Journal of Business and Management 4(8), 205-214.

      [7] Brewbaker, J.L., Hegde, N., Hutton, E.M., Jones, R.J., Lowry, J.B., Moog, F. & van den Beldt, R. (1985) Leucaena leucocephala - Forage Production and Use. NFTA, Hawaii.

      [8] Okigbo, B. N. (1984). Nitrogen-fixing trees in Africa: priorities and research agenda in multiuse exploitation of plant resources. Pesq. Agropec. Bras. 19, 325-30.

      [9] Dobereiner, J. (1984). Nodulation and nitrogen fixation in legume trees. Pesq. Agropec. Bras. 19, 83-90.

      [10] Tewari, S. K., Katiyar, R. S., Ram B., & Misra, P. N. (2004). Effect of age and season of harvesting on the growth, coppicing characteristics and biomass productivity of Leucaena leucocephala and Vitex negundo. Biomass and Bioenergy 26, 229-234.

      [11] McDicken, K.G., & Brewbaker J.L. (1982). Descriptive summaries of economically important nitrogen fixing trees. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports 2, 46-54.

      [12] Brewbaker, J.L. (1982). Systematics, self-incompatibility, breeding systems and genetic improvement of Leucaena leucocephala species. In Leucaena leucocephala research in the Asian-Pacific Region. Proceedings of workshop in Singapore No. 1982. International Development Research Center, Ottawa Publishers.

      [13] Diaz, M.J., Garcia M.M., Tapias R., Fernandez M., & Lopez. F. (2007). Variations in Fibre Length and Some Pulp Chemical Properties of Leucaena leucocephala Varieties. Industrial Crops and Products 26(2), 142-150.

      [14] JIS A 5905 (2003). Japanese Industrial Standard (Fiberboard). Japanese Standard Association 4-1-24, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 107-8440, Japan.

      [15] Ye, X.P.P., James, J., Monlin, K., Al, W. & Deland, M. (2007). Properties of Medium Density Fiberboard made from renewable biomass. Bioresour. Technol. 98. 1077-1084.

      [16] Eroglu, H. & Usta, M. (2000). Fiberboard production technology. K.T.U. Publication No.200, Faculty publication No.30, Trabzon.

      [17] Paridah, M.T., Wong, I., Zaidon, A. (2002). A finishing system for oil palm empty fruit bunch medium density fibreboard. In: Proceedings of the 5th national seminar on the utilization committee, 127-32.

      [18] Khalil, A. H.P.S., Firdaus, N.M.Y., Jawaid, M., Anis, M., Ridzuan, R. & Mohamed, A.R. (2010). Development and Material properties of new hybrid medium density fiberboard from empty fruit bunch and rubberwood. Mater. Des. 31, 4229-4326.

      [19] Barry, A. & Corneau, D.C. (1999). Volatile organic chemicals emissions from OSB as a function of processing parameters. Holzforschung 53(4), 441-446.

      [20] Wan Mohd Nazri W. A. R., Nor Yuziah M. Y., Jamaludin K. & Nur Sakinah M. T. (2018). Effects of Tree Portion and Radial Position on Physical and Chemical Properties of Kelempayan (Neolamarckia cadamba) Wood. BioResour. 13(2), 4536-4549.

      [21] Brochmann, J., Edwarson, C., & Shmulsky, R. (2002). Influence of resin type and flakeboard thickness on properties of OSB. Forest Products Journal 54 (3), 51-55.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 25260
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.18.25260




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.