Performance Evaluation of DSSC as Distributed Power Flow Controller in Transmission Network

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Converter based FACTS controllers provides power flow control through transmission line. But due to its high cost and low reliability issues, it is not widespread installed over worldwide. Distributed FACTS provides a compensation in cost effective and reliable way in interconnected power system. Distributed static series compensator (DSSC) is one of the member of distributed FACTS family. In this paper, DSSC is demonstrated as distributed power flow controller to realize active power flow through the line. DSSC is a low power, low cost, light weight single phase inverter and it can be directly attached on the existing line with the help of single turn transformer. It injects a very small voltage in the line in quadrature with the line current which gives a negligible change in active power. Multiple devices are needed to provide on the line to get noticeable change in active power. In this work, particle swarm optimization is implemented to find optimum reactance emulated by DSSC to provide secured power system operation and control. Objective is formulated such that no line would carry line current above its thermal limits. Similarly, reactive power generation is minimized using DSSC devices considering main constraint that power flow through each line would be within its acceptable range. Voltage stability is also analyzed on DSSC compensated system. DSSC compensation in capacitive mode of operation is demonstrated for loading margin enhancement. Furthermore, fault current limiting using DSSC devices is demonstrated. MATLAB results validate the work.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Distributed-FACTS; Distributed Static Series compensator (DSSC); fault current limiter; Particle swarm optimization (PSO); Static synchronous series compensator; voltage stability

  • References


      [1] Hingorani N. G., L. Gyugyi, “Understanding FACTS: Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems”, IEEE Press, 2000.

      [2] Sen Kalyan K., “SSSC: Theory, modelling and applications”, IEEE Transactions on power delivery, Vol. 13, No. 1, Jan. 1998

      [3] Gyugyi L., C. D. Schauder, K. K. Sen, “ Static synchronous series compensator: A solid state approach to series compensation lines”. IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 12, no.1, pp.406-417, Jan 1997

      [4] Kumar Sunil and Arindam Ghosh, “Modeling and Control Design of a Static Synchronous Series Compensator”, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 14, No. 4, October 1999

      [5] Divan Deepak. M., W. E. Brumsickle, R. S. Schneider, B. Kranz, R. W. Gascoigne, D. T. Bradshaw, M. R. Ingram, and I. S. Grant, “A distributed static series compensator system for realizing active power flow control on existing power lines”, IEEE Trans. on Power system, vol. 22, no.1, pp. 642-649, Jan 2007.

      [6] Song Wenchao, Alex Huang and Subhashish Bhattacharya, “Distributed Power Flow Controller Design based-on ETO Light Converter”, Applied Power Electronics Conference, Twenty-Third Annual IEEE, pp. 1893-1897, Feb 2008.

      [7] Yuan Z., Sjoerd, W. H. de Haan, Jan Braham Ferreira and Dalibor Cvoric, “A FACTS device: Distributed power flow controller (DPFC)” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 2564-2572, Oct. 2010

      [8] Brissette Alexander, Dragan Maksimović, Yoash Levron, “Distributed Series Static Compensator deployment using a linearized transmission system model”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, VOL.30, NO.3, June 2015, pp.1269-1277

      [9] Ghamsari Mohammadreza Dorostkar, Mahmud Fotuhi-Firuzabad, and Farrokh Aminifar, “Probabilistic Worth Assessment of Distributed Static Series Compensators”, IEEE Trans. on Power Del., vol. 26, no. 3, July 2011, pp 1734-1743

      [10] Fajri P., S. Afsharnia, D. Nazarpour and M. A. Tavallaei, “Modeling, simulation and group control of distributed static series compensators”, Amer. J. Engg., Appl. Sci., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 347-357, 2008

      [11] Gaigowal Sandeep R., Dr. M. M. Renge, “Distributed power flow controller using single phase DSSC to realize active power flow control through transmission line”, IEEE Conference on Computation of Power, Energy Information &Commuincation (ICCPEIC), April 2016.

      [12] Valle Yamille del, Ganesh Kumar Venayagamoorthy, Salman Mohagheghi, Jean-Carlos Hernandez, Ronald G. Harley, “Particle Swarm Optimization: Basic Concepts, Variants and Applications in Power Systems”, IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, vol. 12, NO. 2, April 2008, pp. 171-195

      [13] Yoshida H., K. Kawata, Y. Fukuyama, S. Takayama and Y.Nakanishi, “A Particle Swarm Optimization for Reactive Power and Voltage Control Considering Voltage Security Assessment”, IEEE Trans.Power syst, vol. 15, no. 4, pp.1232-1239, Nov. 2000.

      [14] Gaing Z., “Particle swarm optimization to solving the economic dispatch considering the generator constraints”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 18, issue 3, pp. 1187-1195, Aug. 2003.

      [15] Das Debrup, Anish Prasai, Ronald G. Harley, Deepak Divan, “Optimal Placement of Distributed Facts Devices in Power Networks Using Particle Swarm Optimization”, Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, 2009. ECCE IEEE 2009

      [16] Ajjarapu V. and C. Christy, “The Continuation power flow: A tool for steady state voltage stability analysis”, IEEE Trans. on power system, vol. 7, No. 1, Feb 1992

      [17] Ghanbari Teymoor, Ebrahim Farjaha, Nima Tashkor, “Thyristor based bridge type fault current limiter for fault current limiting enhancement”, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol.10, Iss. 9, 2016, pp. 2202–2215

      [18] Choi S. S., T. X. Wang, D. Mahinda Vilathgamuwa, “A Series Compensator With Fault Current Limiting Function” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 20, no. 3, July 2005 pp. 2248-2256

      [19] Zimerman R.D., C.E. Murillo-Sanchez, and D. Gam, MATPOWR – A MATLAB Power System Simulation Package, Version 3, available at: http://www.pserc.cornell.edu/matpower.

      [20] Power Systems Test Case Archive. 2008. http://www.ee.washington.edu/research/pstca

      [21] Banuchandar J, S Deepa N Tamilarasi, and J Parkavi.,Eye for the visually impaired." International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, 2(2) :368-372

      [22] J.BANUCHANDAR, S.DEEPA, N.TAMILARASI, J.PARKAVI ,” ENERGY FROM THE EXISTING RESOURCES” International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), Vol.2, Issue.2, Mar-Apr 2012 pp-365-367, ISSN: 2249-6645.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 25392
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.28.25392




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.