Heavy Metals Contamination of Soil in Urban Areas of Southern Ural Region of Russia

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    We studied the influence of mining, refining and petrochemical enterprises to the soil contamination by heavy metal of the Southern Urals and adjacent territories. It is established that the highest values of soil contamination study area with heavy metals (pollution degree Zс = 17,4; 20,4) was observed in the zone of influence of the mining and processing plant. The area adjacent to the machine-building, oil refining and petrochemical industries in major cities of Bashkortostan, was characterized by valid (Zс = 1.9 to 5.5) or weak impurity (Zс = 8,1; 13,8). In the operation level is set to contamination of urban soils by heavy metals under the influence of the mining and metallurgical industries of the Southern Urals of emissions from machine-building enterprises, oil-refining and petrochemical companies, operating in large, medium and small cities of Bashkortostan.

     


  • Keywords


    Southern Urals, Bashkortostan, soil, heavy metals (copper, zinc, nickel, lead, cadmium),incidence.

  • References


      [1] Ermakov VV (1995), Biogeochemical province: concept, classification and environmental assessment. Main directions of Geochemistry. Moscow: Nauka. P. 183-196.

      [2] Lamb DT, Ming H, Megharaj M, Naidu R (2009), Heavy metal (Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb) partitioning and bioaccessibility in uncontaminated and long-term contaminated soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 171 (1-3), 1150-1158.

      [3] Assenova B, Okuskhanova E, Rebezov M, Korzhikenova N, Yessimbekov Z, Dragoev S (2016). Trace and toxic elements in meat of Maral (red deer) grazing in Kazakhstan. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences, 7(1), 1425-1433.

      [4] Kuramshina NG, Kuramshin EM, Nikolaeva SV, Imashev UB (2014), The biogeochemical characteristics of the content of heavy metals in soil, plants and animals in different natural areas of Bashkortostan. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 144, 237-240.

      [5] Kakimov A, Yessimbekov Z, Kakimova Z, Bepeyeva A, Stuart M (2016), Cs-137 in milk, vegetation, soil, and water near the former Soviet Union’s Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23(5), 4931-4937.

      [6] Methodical Instructions MU 2.1.7.730-99 "Hygienic assessment of soil quality of populated areas"; SP 11-102-97; SanPiN 2.1.7.1287-03, 1999.

      [7] Saet Y, Revich BA, Ioannin EP (1990), Geochemistry of the environment. Moscow: Nedra.

      [8] Boughou N, Majdy I, Cherkaoui E, Khamar M, Nounah A (2018), Physico-chemical characterization of wastewater from slaughterhouse: Case of Rabat in Morocco. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13 (11), 3718-3723.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 25536
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.42.25536




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.