Physical Fitness Profiles Among a Women Hockey Team Preparing for Sukan Malaysia 2018

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the physical fitness of a women’ hockey team preparing for the 2018 Sukan Malaysia (SUKMA) Games. Players representing a state were recruited as participant of this study and were tested on their muscular strength, muscular endurance, power, flexibility, speed and agility ability. Descriptive statistics were used to measure the mean and standard deviation of each physical characteristics and data scores. Repeated measure analysis of variances (ANOVA) were used to compare the muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, speed, power and agility ability between each period of data collection. Results showed only sit and reach and agility tests showed significant differences between the two phases of data collection. Sit and reach test score was found to be decreased during the second phase of data collection, thus is worrying. Agility t-test score showed significant improvement during the second phase of study. No significant differences were found for the other variables. It can be seen in this study that the majority of players did not able to obtain great score in many fitness components (i.e. muscular strength, agility, flexibility, power and speed). These data stress the importance of rigorous pre-season conditioning programs consisting of resistance training and plyometric exercises, and game play to maximize in-season physical abilities among hockey players.



  • Keywords

    Physical preparation, fitness, hockey, women.

  • References

      [1] Reilly, T. and A. Borrie, Physiology applied to field hockey. Sports Medicine, 1992. 14(1): p. 10-26.

      [2] Rebelo, A., et al., Anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness and technical performance of under-19 soccer players by competitive level and field position. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2013. 34(04): p. 312-317.

      [3] Arnason, A., et al., Physical fitness, injuries, and team performance in soccer. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2004. 36(2): p. 278-285.

      [4] Watson, A., Physical fitness and athletic performance, 2014: Routledge.

      [5] Malone, S., et al., High-speed running and sprinting as an injury risk factor in soccer: Can well-developed physical qualities reduce the risk? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2018. 21(3): p. 257-262.

      [6] Knapik, J.J., The importance of physical fitness for injury prevention: part 1. Journal of Special Operations Medicine, 2015. 15(1): p. 123-127.

      [7] Knapik, J., The Importance of Physical Fitness for Injury Prevention: Part 2. Journal of Special Operations Medicine, 2015. 15(2): p. 112-115.

      [8] Dodds, R.M., et al., Grip strength across the life course: normative data from twelve British studies. PloS one, 2014. 9(12): p. e113637.

      [9] Corbin, C.B., Concepts in physical education with laboratories and experiments. 1977.

      10] Physiology, C.S.f.E., The Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness and Lifestyle Appraisal: CSEP's guide to health active living, 2003, CSEF Ottawa.

      [11] Rouis, M., et al., Relationship between vertical jump and maximal power output of legs and arms: effects of ethnicity and sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2015. 25(2).

      [12] Davis, B., Physical education and the study of sport2000: Mosby Incorporated.

      [13] Mayorga-Vega, D., R. Merino-Marban, and J. Viciana, Criterion-related validity of sit-and-reach tests for estimating hamstring and lumbar extensibility: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 2014. 13(1): p. 1.

      [14] Aquino, R., et al., Relationship between field tests and match running performance in high-level young brazilian soccer players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2017.

      [15] Chu, D.A., Explosive power & strength: complex training for maximum results1996: Human Kinetics 1.

      [16] Stewart, P.F., A.N. Turner, and S.C. Miller, Reliability, factorial validity, and interrelationships of five commonly used change of direction speed tests. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2014. 24(3): p. 500-506.

      [17] Hoffman, J., Norms for fitness, performance, and health2006: Human Kinetics.

      [18] Keogh, J.W., C.L. Weber, and C.T. Dalton, Evaluation of anthropometric, physiological, and skill-related tests for talent identification in female field hockey. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 2003. 28(3): p. 397-409.

      [19] Sharma, A., V. Tripathi, and S. Koley, Correlations of anthropometric characteristics with physical fitness tests in Indian professional hockey players. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 2012. 7(3).

      [20] Manna, I., G. Khanna, and P. Dhara, Training induced changes on physiological and biochemical variables of young Indian field hockey players. Biology of Sport, 2009. 26(1): p. 33.

      [21] Bracko, M.R. and J.D. George, Prediction of ice skating performance with office testing in women's ice hockey players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2001. 15(1): p. 116-122.

      [22] Scott, P., Morphological characteristics of elite male field hockey players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 1991. 31(1): p. 57-61.

      [23] Klavora, P., Vertical-jump tests: A critical review. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 2000. 22(5): p. 70-75.

      [24] Fernandez-Fernandez, J., et al., The effects of 8-week plyometric training on physical performance in young tennis players. Pediatric Exercise Science, 2016. 28(1): p. 77-86.

      [25] Markovic, G., Does plyometric training improve vertical jump height? A meta-analytic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2007.

      [26] Young, W.B., M.H. McDowell, and B.J. Scarlett, Specificity of sprint and agility training methods. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2001. 15(3): p. 315-319.




Article ID: 25573
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.42.25573

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.