Mechanism and Kinetics Study in Homogenous Epoxidation of Vegetable Oil

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Epoxide is an important chemical precursor for the production of alcohols, glycols and polymers like polyesters and epoxy resin. Commercial epoxides available in the market are mainly petroleum and animal based which are non-environmental friendly. The epoxidation of oleic acid was carried out by using in situ generated performic acid (HCOOOH) to produce epoxidized oleic acid. Performic acid was formed by mixing formic acid (as oxygen carrier) and hydrogen peroxide (as oxygen donor).  The rate constant for epoxidation of oleic acid was found to be in the order of 4.203 x 10-5 mol-1 s-1 and activation energy is 7.58 kcal.mol-1. In addition, thermodynamic parameters such as enthalpy, entropy and free energy of activation of 6.83 kcal.mol-1, -57.36 cal.mol-1 K-1 and 22.96 kcal.mol-1 respectively.


  • Keywords

    Oleic acid, epoxidation, kinetics study, vegetables oil, peracids

  • References

      [1] D. Derawi, J. Salimon, and W. A. Ahmed, “Preparation of Epoxidize Palm Olein As Renewable Material By Using Peroxy Acids,” Malaysian J. Anal. Sci., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 584–591, 2014.

      [2] M. J. Jalil, S. K. Jamaludin, and I. S. Azmi, “Characterisation of Epoxidation of Palm Kernel Oil based on Crude Oleic Acid,” no. 201606, 2017.

      [3] D. Derawi and J. Salimon, “Optimization on Epoxidation of Palm Olein by Using Performic Acid,” E-Journal Chem., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1440–1448, 2010.

      [4] D. Darfizzi, “Experimental Design using Response Surface Methods for Palm Olein-Based Hydroxy-Ether Systhesis,” sains Malaysiana, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1149–1154, 2016.

      [5] E. Milchert, K. Malarczyk, and M. Kłos, Technological Aspects of Chemoenzymatic Epoxidation of Fatty Acids, Fatty Acid Esters and Vegetable Oils: A Review, vol. 20, no. 12. 2015.

      [6] S. Sen Gupta, A. Guchhait, and S. Sarkar, “Comparative Evaluation of the Physico-chemical Properties of Chemically and Enzymatically Epoxidised Soybean Oil,” vol. 1, no. 2, 2016.

      [7] E. Milchert and a Smagowicz, “Epoxidation of the rapeseed oil with peracetic and performic acid,” Czas. Tech., pp. 284–291, 2008.

      [8] V. V Goud, A. V Patwardhan, S. Dinda, and N. C. Pradhan, “Kinetics of epoxidation of jatropha oil with peroxyacetic and peroxyformic acid catalysed by acidic ion exchange resin,” vol. 62, pp. 4065–4076, 2007.

      [9] E. Santacesaria, R. Tesser, M. Di Serio, R. Turco, V. Russo, and D. Verde, “A biphasic model describing soybean oil epoxidation with H 2 O 2 in a fed-batch reactor,” Chem. Eng. J., vol. 173, no. 1, pp. 198–209, 2011.

      [10] M. J. Jalil et al., “An Overview of Epoxidation of Vegetable Oils with Peracid- Reaction Mechanism,” Recent Innov. Chem. Eng., vol. 10, pp. 1–8, 2017.

      [11] J. La Scala and R. P. Wool, “Effect of FA Composition on Epoxidation Kinetics of TAG,” vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 373–378, 2002.

      [12] M. Jumain et al., “Epoxidation of Palm Kernel Oil-based Crude Oleic Acid,” vol. 906, no. 1, pp. 125–130, 2014.

      [13] C. Engineering, “Kinetics Of In Situ Epoxidation Of Hemp Oil Under Heterogenous Reaction Conditions : An Overview With Preliminary Results,” eddBE2011 Proc. Kinet., pp. 106–111.

      [14] K. Saremi, T. Tabarsa, A. Shakeri, and A. Babanalbandi, “Epoxidation of Soybean Oil,” vol. 3, no. 9, pp. 4254–4258, 2012.




Article ID: 25693
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.42.25693

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.