Extract of Calotropis gigantea Leaves to Repair the Histological Profile of Fibrosarcoma Mice (Mus musculus)

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    Calotropis gigantea (C. gigantea) is widely known as a traditional medicine for diseases such as toothache, colds, asthma. It also used be as a detoxifying agent and an anticancer drug. The leaves contain cardenolide, a bioactive agent which has cytotoxic properties against cancer cells, particularly fibrosarcoma. The active ingredient is able to control the mitochondria (the energy-producing cell organelle) essential for the growth of cancer cells. This study aimed to determine the effect of ethanol extract of C. gigantea leaves on the histological profile of fibrosarcoma mice (Mus musculus). The mice was induced with 7,12-Dimethylbenz [a] anthracene (DMBA) 25 mg/kg bw twice for 6 weeks, then treated by extract of C. gigantea leaves for 2 weeks. This experimental study employed a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 5 replications. The treatments consisted of negative control (C-), positive control (C+), dose of 50 mg/kg bw (T1), dose of 100 mg/kg bw (T2), dose of 150 mg/kg bw (T3), methotrexate dose of 2.5 mg/kg bw (T4). The study observed 30 male mice aged 50-60 days. The data consisted of the number of fibroblasts and the level of collagen fiber damage in skin tissue. The data were analyzed by one way ANOVA, followed by DMRT 1 %. The results showed that the extract of C. gigantea leaves repaired the histological profile of fibrosarcoma mice significantly, indicated by the decreasing of fibroblast proliferation and repairing of collagen fibers in mice skin tissue. The extract of C. gigantea leaves at a dose of 150 mg/kg bw (T3) gave a better effect to repair the histological profile of fibrosarcoma mice than the cancer drug methotrexate synthesis dose of 2.5 mg/kg bw (T4) and other treatments.

     


  • Keywords


    Calotropis gigantea, fibrosarcoma, DMBA

  • References


      [1] Abilash, V. G., Banerjee, R., & Bandopadhyay, D. (2013). Epidemiology, pathology, types and diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma: A research review. Asian Journal of pharmaceutical and clinical research, 6(3), 18-25.

      [2] Agrawal, A. A., Petschenka, G., Bingham, R. A., Weber, M. G., & Rasmann, S. (2012). Toxic cardenolides: chemical ecology and coevolution of specialized plant-herbivore interactions. New Phytologist, 194(1), 28-45.

      [3] Bhanot, A., Sharma, R., & Noolvi, M. N. (2011). Natural sources as potential anti-cancer agents: A review. International journal of phytomedicine, 3(1), 09.

      [4] Bramwell, V. H. C. (2003). Management of advanced adult soft tissue sarcoma. Sarcoma, 7(2), 43-55.

      [5] Caruso, R., Fedele, F., Lucianò, R., Branca, G., Parisi, C., Paparo, D., & Parisi, A. (2011). Mitotic catastrophe in malignant epithelial tumors: the pathologist’s viewpoint. Ultrastructural pathology, 35(2), 66–71.

      [6] Jemal, A., Bray, F., Center, M. M., Ferlay, J., Ward, E., & Forman, D. (2011). Global cancer statistics. CA: A cancer journal for clinicians, 61(2), 69-90.

      [7] Kumar, P. S., Suresh, E., & Kalavathy, S. (2013). Review on a potential herb Calotropis gigantea (L.) R. Br. Scholars Academic Journal of Pharmacy, 2(2), 135-143.

      [8] Muchtaromah, B., Kiptiyah, K. & Adi, T. K. (2011). Transaminase enzyme and liver histological profile of mice administered extract of pegagan (Centella asiatica (L.) Urban). Media Peternakan 34, 88–92.

      [9] Muchtaromah, B., Ahmad, M., Suyono, S., Romaidi, R., Bahri, S. & Kumalasari, H. P. (2016). Dosage and administration length of Centella asiatica (L.) Urban decrease the level of SOD and MDA and improve brain histological condition of rats. Jurnal Teknologi 78, 57–61.

      [10] Nair, K. S., Raj, S., Tiwari, V. K., & Piang, L. K. (2013). Cost of treatment for cancer: experiences of patients in public hospitals in India. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 14(9), 5049-5054.

      [11] Noolvi, M. N., Patel, H. M., Singh, N., Gadad, A. K., Cameotra, S. S., & Badiger, A. (2011). Synthesis and anticancer evaluation of novel 2-cyclopropylimidazo [21-b][1, 3, 4]-thiadiazole derivatives. European journal of medicinal chemistry, 46(9), 4411-4418.

      [12] Seeka, C., & Sutthivaiyakit, S. (2010). Cytotoxic cardenolides from the leaves of Calotropis gigantea. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 58(5), 725-728.

      [13] Wink, M. (2015). Modes of action of herbal medicines and plant secondary metabolites. Medicines, 2(3), 251–286.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 26383
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v8i1.9.26383




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.