Selection Drought Index Calculation Methods Using Electre, Topsis, and Analytic Hierarchy Process
Keywords:Drought, Drought Index, Forest Fire, Electre, KBDI.
The drought index is an essential indicator for calculating forest firesâ€™ potential. Many methods are developed to maintain the drought index. However, they provide less suitable at many places. Every area has their own character, and each of methods has their own specification. The spot problem is how to find the right method for those places. The forest of Bukit Suharto, has particular character as one of the rain tropical forests, and it needs suitable method. Furthermore, this study is conducted to examine the right methods that compatible for the forest. They are: Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI), Keetch Byram Drought Index (KBDI), Reconnaissance Drought Index (RDI), Standard Precipitation Index (SPI), Effective Drought Index (EDI), McArthur Forest Fire Danger Index (MFFDI), and Standard Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI). Every method has specific variables for the calculation, namely, the period, the dataâ€™s type, the formulaâ€™s complexity, the usability, and scale resultsâ€™ type. On processing the seven methods, the researcher uses other techniques to asses them, namely, ELECTRE, TOPSIS, and Analytic Hierarchy Process. In final process, the conclusion is compared through the result. In summary, the results show that KBDIâ€™s method is the most recommended, and TOPSIS is the best technique for recommendations.
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