1-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Chloride Ionic Liquid as Inhibitor for Corrosion Protection of Mild Steel in Acidic Media

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    Corrosion inhibitor is a substance added to the corrosive environment in small quantities to reduce the corrosion a metal. The addition of inhibitors will reduce the corrosion rate of the metal by retarding the corrosion process on the metal surface. Thus, this study focused on the study of the effectiveness of 1- butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([EMIM]Cl) ionic liquid as an inhibitor for corrosion protection of mild steel. Two different concentrations of [EMIM]Cl (0.05 M and 0.5 M) were tested into different concentrations of sulphuric acid (0.05M, 0.10 M, 0.15 M, 0.20 M and 0.25 M). Weight loss measurement was used to determine the effectiveness of the [EMIM]Cl as inhibitor for corrosion protection. Results showed that acid concentrations play an important role for the corrosion protection process in the presence of the inhibitor. The weight loss increases as the concentration of the acid increased. The study also revealed that the concentrations of [EMIM]Cl ionic liquid effect the performance of the inhibitor. From this study, 0.5 M of [EMIM]Cl ionic liquid shows better corrosion performance compared to 0.05 M of [EMIM]Cl. At 0.25 M of sulphuric acid, the weight loss of untreated metal increased drastically from 0.0075 g at 0.5 hour to 0.0974 g at 24 hours. After treated with 0.5 M of [EMIM]Cl, the weight loss measurement slightly increased from 0.0027 g at 0.5 hour to 0.0179 g at 24 hours. This weight loss value is lower compared to mild steel treated with 0.05 M [EMIM]Cl which is 0.0469 g at 24 hours. The performance of the inhibitor in two different type of acid was also investigated. The morphology of the untreated mild steel and mild steel treated with [EMIM]Cl was investigated by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM)



  • Keywords

    ionic liquid, inhibitor, acidic media, corrosion, weight loss.

  • References

      [1] Velrani, S., Jeyaprabha, B., Balachandran, V., & and Prakash, N. (2014). Electrochemical Studies of Mild Steel Corrosion Inhibition by 1-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Chloride in 2M H2SO4 medium. Journal of Applicable Chemistry, 3 (4): 1636-1648.

      [2] Bouklah, M., Hammouti, B., Lagrenee, M., & Bentiss, F., (2006), Thermodynamic properties of 2, 5-bis (4-methoxyphenyl)-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in normal sulphuric acid medium. Corrosion Science, 48, 2831-2842.

      [3] Fouda, A., Ismail, M., El-Ewady, G., & Abousalem, A. (2017). Evaluation of 4-amidinophenyl-2, 2′-bithiophene and its aza-analogue as novel corrosion inhibitors for CS in acidic media: Experimental and theoretical study. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 240, 372-388.

      [4] Dariva, G. C., & Galio, F.A. (2014). Corrosion inhibitors – principles, mechanisms and applications. Developments in Corrosion Protection, 365-374.

      [5] Seddon, K. R. (1997). Ionic Liquids for Clean Technology. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 68(4), 351-356.

      [6] Scendo, M., & Uznanska, J. (2011). The Effect of Ionic Liquids on the Corrosion Inhibition of Copper in Acidic Chloride Solutions. International Journal of Corrosion, 2011, 1-13.

      [7] Zhang, Q., & Hua, Y. (2009). Corrosion inhibition of mild steel by alkylimidazolium ionic liquids in hydrochloric acid. Electrochimica Acta, 54(6), 1881-1887.

      [8] Ammal, P., R., Prajila, M., Joseph, A, (2017). Effective inhibition of mild steel corrosion in hydrochloric acid using EBIMOT, a 1, 3, 4-oxadiazole derivative bearing a 2-ethylbenzimidazole moiety: Electro analytical, computational and kinetic studies. Egyption Journal of Petroleum,6,1072-1085.

      [9] Parsa, M., Hosseini, S. M., Hassani, Z., & Jamalizadeh, E. (2014). Corrosion protective properties of coatings doped with inhibitors. Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, 61(6), 416-422.

      [10] Sorkhabi, H.A., & Es’haghi, M., (2009). Corrosion inhibition of mild steel in acidic media by [BMIm] Br Ionic liquid. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 114, 267–271.




Article ID: 27516
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.14.27516

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.