Safety climate analysis at two thermal power plants

 
 
 
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract


    The present work evaluates the safety climate as it reflects safety culture and is considered as a fast tool for assessing safety culture with minimum resources required. The evaluation is done for a private thermal combined cycle power company, Plant A. Another private company is also producing electric energy and water desalination, Plant B. Both plants are in Bahrain and under the management of one company. The evaluation is done through questionnaires, including all the staff of 210 employees. The questionnaire used in the present work is based on Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire (NOSACQ-50) and modified by the help of the health and safety department of Plant A to be suitable to the power plant. Also, interviews are conducted to validate and support the questionnaire. Analysis has been done by different statistical methods using Microsoft Excel. The overall safety climate level of the two plants was found to be above average. The overall mean score of all results is 3.67 on a scale of 1 to 5. The mean score for most of the dimensions was higher than 3, which is considered a positive result. The level of safety for the daytime workers was found to be greater than the safety level of the shift workers. Also, the study reveals some factors that affect the safety climate level, such as, the nature of the work, the experience and the number of safety workshops attended.

     

     


  • Keywords


    Safety Culture; Safety Climate; Safety Climate Level; Safety Climate Questionnaire.

  • References


      [1] Basarab D.J. and Root D.K., 1992. The Training Evaluation Process, Evaluation in Education and Human Services, 33, Chapter 2, Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-2940-4_2.

      [2] Bergh M., 2011. An evaluation of the safety climate at AkzoNobel Site Stenungsund, MSc Thesis, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.

      [3] Bergh M., Shahriari M., Kines P., 2103. Occupational Safety Climate and Shift Work. Chemical Engineering Transactions 31: 403–408.

      [4] CANSO, Safety Standing Committee, 2008. Safety Culture Definition & Enhancement Process Model. Netherlands: The Civil Air Navigation Services Organization

      [5] Collins A.M., Gadd S., 2002. Safety culture: A review of the literature. Sheffield: Health and Safety Laboratory, Human Factors Group, UK.

      [6] Connelly L.M., 2008. Pilot studies. Medsurg Nursing, 17(6): 411–2. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2008.17.7.29056.

      [7] Cooper M.D., 2000. Towards a model of safety culture. Safety Science, 36: 111–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00035-7.

      [8] Cooper M.D., 2001 Improving safety culture: A practical guide. Applied Behavioral Sciences Hull, UK.

      [9] Flin R., Mearns K., O'Connor P., Bryden R., 2000. Measuring safety climate: Identifying the common features. Safety Science, 34: 177–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00012-6.

      [10] George D., Mallery P., 2003. SPSS for Windows Step by Step: A simple guide and reference. 11 update. 4th Ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

      [11] Gliem J.A, Gliem R.R., 2003. Calculating, interpreting, and reporting Cronbach’s Alpha Reliability Coefficient for Likert-type Scales. Columbus (OH): The Ohio State University, Midwest Research to Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing, and Community Education, USA.

      [12] Guldenmund F.W., 2010. Understanding and Exploring Safety Culture. Uitgeverij Boxpress, Oisterwijk.

      [13] Kines P., Lappalainen J., Mikkelsen K.L., Olsen E., Pousette A., Tharaldsen J., Tómasson K., Törner M., 2011. Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire (NOSACQ-50): A new tool for diagnosing occupational safety climate. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 41: 634–646. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2011.08.004.

      [14] Kinik Y., 2010. Improving Safety Culture: A study performed at KLM Engineering and Maintenance. France.

      [15] Milczarek M., Najmiec A., 2004. The Relationship between Workers' Safety Culture and Accidents, Near Accidents and Health Problems. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 10 (1) 25–33. https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2004.11076592.

      [16] Pallant J., 2007. SPSS Survival Manual. 3rd Ed. Berkshire: McGraw Hill; UK.

      [17] Parsian N., Dunning D., 2009. Developing and Validating a Questionnaire to Measure Spirituality: A Psychometric Process. Global Journal of Health Science, 1(1): 2–11. https://doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v1n1p2.

      [18] Raja S.V., Reghunath K.P., 2010. Empirical Analysis of Construction Safety Climate – A Study. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 2(6): 1699–1707.

      [19] Reason J., 1997. Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

      [20] Schein E.H., 2010. Organizational Culture and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

      [21] Wu T.C.; Liu C.W.; Lu M.C., 2007. Safety climate in university and college laboratories: Impact of organizational and individual factors. Journal of Safety Research, 91–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2007.01.003.


 

View

Download

Article ID: 29688
 
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v10i2.29688




Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.