Enhancement of bio-methane production yield from rumen digesta with biodegradable kitchen wastes by co-digestion process

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    The study was investigated to enhance biogas production from rumen digesta by anaerobic co-digestion process. The experiment was carried out in 3300 mL digester. The mixing ratio of rumen digesta and water used was 1:1 in 40 days Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT). Produced gas was measured by volumetric water replacement method. In phase-1, the maximum biogas generation from digesta of chicken and goat, cow and chicken, cow and goat, and co-digestion of four substrates (C:CH:G:V) were 65, 1230, 37 and 375 mL/d at 17th, 14th, 26th and 13th day respectively. The average biogas production was found from these samples were 20, 340, 16 and 113 mL. In phase-2, the maximum biogas generation from cow, goat and chicken, cow, chicken and vegetable waste and cow, goat and vegetable waste were respectively 66, 80 and 64 ml/d at 19th, 23rd and 27th day. The average biogas generation were found from these samples 22, 32 and 19 mL. The comparative data shows, biogas production is higher with cow and chicken wastes in both the phases mixed with vegetable waste. Thus, it is suggested that the study which gave maximum yield of biogas production from co-digestion process might be met the future energy demand.



  • Keywords

    Biogas; Co-Digestion Process; Fossil Fuel; Renewable and Non-Renewable Energy; Rumen Digesta.

  • References

      [1] G. Plaza, P. Robredo, O. Pacheco, and A. S. Toledo, “Anaerobic treatment of municipal solid waste”, Water Sci. Technol., Vol.33, No.3, (1996), pp.169–175. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1996.0068.

      [2] A. Karagiannidis and G. Perkoulidis, “A multi-criteria ranking of different technologies for the anaerobic digestion for energy recovery of the organic fraction of municipal solid wastes”, Bioresour. Technol., Vol.100, (2009), pp.2355–2360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.11.033.

      [3] M. Poeschl, S. Ward, and P. Owende, “Evaluation of energy efficiency of various biogas production and utilization pathways”, Appl. Energy, Vol.87, (2010), pp.3305–3321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.05.011.

      [4] G. Berndes, M. Hoogwijk, and R. Broek, “The Contribution of Biomass in the Future Global Energy Supply: A Review of 17 Studies”, Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol.25, (2003), pp. 1–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00185-X.

      [5] Y. H. Zheng et al., “Anaerobic fermentation technology increases biomass energy use efficiency in crop residue utilization and biogas production”, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., Vol.16, No. 7, (2012), pp. 4588–4596. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.03.061.

      [6] K. Lee, P. Chantrasakdakul, D. Kim, M. Kong, and K. Y. Park, “Ultrasound pretreatment of filamentous algal biomass for enhanced biogas production”, Waste Manag., Vol.34, No. 6, (2014), pp. 1035–1040. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2013.10.012.

      [7] Incirenators in Disguise: Case study of gasification, Pyrolisis and Plasma incineration in Europe, Asia and United States, April 2006.

      [8] C. Roati, S. Fiore, B. Ruffino, F. Marchese, D. Novarino, and M. C. Zanetti, “Preliminary evaluation of the potential biogas production of food-processing industrial wastes”, Am. J. Environ. Sci., Vol.8, No. 3, (2012), pp. 291–296.

      [9] Rittmann B and McCarty P, Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications, McGraw-Hill, (2001). https://doi.org/10.2175/193864701790902789.

      [10] M. R. Al Mamun and S. Torii, “Anaerobic co-digestion technology in solid wastes treatment for biomethane generation”, Int. J. Sustain. Energy, Vol.36, No. 5, (2017), pp. 462–472. https://doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2015.1043302.

      [11] M. R. Al Mamun and S. Torii, “Production of Biomethane from Cafeteria, Vegetable and Fruit Wastes by Anaerobic Co-Digestion Process”, J. Clean Energy Technol., Vol.33, (2015), pp. 321–325. https://doi.org/10.7763/JOCET.2015.V3.216.

      [12] M. Rouf et al., “Biogas from slaughter house waste and optimization of the process”, Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res., Vol.51, (2016), pp. 203–214. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjsir.v51i3.29432.

      [13] P. Abdeshahian, J. S. Lim, W. S. Ho, H. Hashim, and C. T. Lee, “Potential of biogas production from farm animal waste in Malaysia”, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., Vol.60, (2016), pp. 714–723. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.01.117.

      [14] S. Salleh, M. Zulkifli, and M. Jalani, “Production of Biogas Using Dairy Manure as Feedstock and Rumen Fluid as Inoculum”, J. Appl. Sci. Process Eng., Vol.3, (2016), pp. 83–89. https://doi.org/10.33736/jaspe.310.2016.

      [15] O. Christian and C. E. Nwanyanwu, “Biogas Production from Fish Pond Effluent Supplemented with Cow Blood Meal in a Batch Anaerobic Digester System Biogas Production from Fish Pond Effluent Supplemented with Cow Blood Meal in a Batch Anaerobic Digester System”, Futo. J. Series (FUTOJNLS)., Vol.3, No. 1, (2017), pp. 166–175.

      [16] S. Manimuthu, M., Sathiya Pandi, N., Asha, G., and Rajendran, “The Biogas Production from mixture of Agar and Rumen Wastes”, Int. J. Adv. Res., Vol.3, No. 6, (2015), pp. 362–369.

      [17] B. I N Widiasa and S. J. Sunarso, “Study on Slaughterhouse Wastes Potency and Characteristic for Biogas Production”, Int. J. Waste Resour., Vol.1, No.1, (2015), pp. 4–7.

      [18] A. Pertiwinin, E. Susilowati, R., N. Agus Fitri, Y. Soeherman, and M. Fahmi Habi, “Potential Test on Utilization of Cow’s Rumen Fluid to Increase Biogas Production Rate and Methane Concentration in Biogas”, Asian J. Anim. Sci., Vol.11, No. 2, (2017), pp. 82–87. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajas.2017.82.87.

      [19] D. Artanti, R. Saputro, and B. Budiyono, “Biogas Production from Cow Manure”, Int. J. Renew. Energy Dev., Vol.1, (2012), pp. 61–64. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.1.2.61-64.

      [20] Y. Baba, C. Tada, Y. Fukuda, and Y. Nakai, “Improvement of methane production from waste paper by pretreatment with rumen fluid”, Bioresour. Technol., Vol.128, (2013), pp. 94–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.077.

      [21] S. Sunarso, S. Johari, I. Widiasa, and B. Budiyono, “The Effect of Feed to Inoculums Ratio on Biogas Production Rate from Cattle Manure Using Rumen Fluid as Inoculums”, Int. J. Sci. Eng., Vol.1, (2010), pp. 1-4. https://doi.org/10.12777/ijwr.2.1.2012.1-4.




Article ID: 30621
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v9i2.30621

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.